Death of a Salesman
He believes that the protagonist in the drama should be the common people. In his eyes, ordinary people can not only most profoundly reflect the true social status, and can make the reader feel dramatic social significance. It tells about the story of an ordinary salesman Willy Loman who has been intoxicated with American Dream and has lost his life for it. Plot This story is probably spoken: Willy Loman returns home and cancelled business trip, he displayed be tired out.
Wiley’s wife, she worried about his recent state of mind is not too good of reckless driving, she told his boss Howard Wagner Te offered Wiley a job in their hometown, so he couldn’t go on the trip. Willy complains to Linda that their son, Biff, has yet to make good on his life. Despite Biff’s promise as an athlete in high school, he flunked senior year math and he never went to college. Biff and his brothers, they stayed with Wiley and Linda, their memories of his childhood. They discuss their father’s mental degeneration, which they have witnessed by his constant vacillations and talking to him.
When Wiley came in, He saw his two children are no achievement and feel angry. The next day, Biff and happy to appease told their father Wiley, and they want to do business. The next day, Wiley went to discuss business with his boss, then he ask for a his town’s works for his son,Biff , but without success. Willy gets angry and ends up getting fired when the boss tells him he needs a rest and can no longer represent the company. Biff has been waiting for, see previous employers who remember him, let him go to work. Biff impulsively steals a fountain pen.
Willy then goes to the office of his neighbor Charley, where he runs into Charley’s son Bernard, now he is a successful lawyer; Bernard tells him that Biff originally wanted to do well in summer school, but something happened in Boston when Biff went to visit Willy that changed his mind. Happy, Biff, and Willy meet for dinner at a restaurant, but Willy refuses to hear bad news from Biff. Happy tries to get Biff to lie to their father. Biff tried to tell him why Wiley be ablaze with anger into flashback, what happened in Boston biff and Wiley. Willy had been seeing a young woman on a sales trip when Biff arrived at the hotel.
From that moment, Biff’s view of his father changed and set Biff adrift. Biff left the restaurant, followed by the happy and two girls are very happy. They are confused and uneasy to leave, only Wiley himself in the restaurant. When they later return home, their mother angrily confronts them for abandoning their father while Willy remains talking to himself outside. Biff goes outside to try to reconcile with Willy. The discussion quickly escalates into another argument, at which point Biff forcefully tries to convey to his father that he is not meant for anything great, that he is simply ordinary, insisting that they both are.
The feud culminates with Biff hugging Willy and crying as he tries to get him to let go of the unrealistic dreams he still carries for Biff and wants instead for Willy to accept him for who he really is. He tells his father he loves him. Rather than listen to what Biff actually says, when Willy realizes his son has forgiven him and thinks Biff will now pursue a career as a businessman. Willy kills himself, he is intentionally crashed the car died. In this way, Biff can use Wiley’s life insurance money to start his own business. However, at the funeral Biff retains his belief that he does not want to become a businessman.
Happy, on the other hand, chooses to follow in his father’s footsteps. Death of a salesman was considered to be one of the best modern tragedies in the 20th century. In addition to a number of central and significant themes being developed with the aid of Arthur Miller’s skillful use of techniques, the impact it has had on readers was derived from the author’s unique views on modern tragedy. Death of a salesman is a thoughtful criticism of the moral and social standards of contemporary America and the confusion it infuses in its citizens.
Willy who was under the influence of American dream chose his death as a way to realize his illusory success. The deep reason was the capitalist system, which asked people to keep on working without desiring any recognition from the society just like machines. Willy Loman is simply a victim of the deterioration thereof. (1) For the 1948-1949 theatrical season Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman won the coveted Pulitzer Prize. It also received the New York Drama Critics’s Circle award, the Antoinette Perry Award, as well as general critical acclaim.
His play have long been examined from the perspective of social criticism, realism, politics, and psychology, but later critics focus their attention on analyzing his work from feminist and cross-cultural perspectives and on exploring their theatrical innovation and figurative language. Death of a Salesman this story happened almost in 1940s, a social revolution unnoticeably broke out. The whole society was running for money and wealth. Such social system forced people to produce more profit and keep on working, just like machines with all day’s working but without thinking and desire to receive other people’s admittance.
Character William “Willy” Loman: The salesman. He was 63 years old, his life and emotions are very unstable, he easily imagines a thing of the past if they are true. He vacillates between different perceptions of his life. Wiley looks like a child needs to rely on the support of others. His first name, Willy, reflects this childlike aspect as well as sounding like the question “Will he? ” His name, Wiley, always let a person feel is an inferior name, if in the social ladder, the name is not successful. ; however, this popular interpretation of his last name has been dismissed by Miller.
He is not a sense of security, self-deception traveling salesman. Wiley has been working hard, he very much wants to strive for wealth and his own American dream, but he has never seen. Nor do his sons fulfill his hope. When Wiley’s fantasy began to fail, his life was the pressure pressing reality; his heart health began to suffer. The overwhelming tensions caused by this despair, as well as those caused by the societal imperatives that drive Willy, form the essential conflict of Death of a Salesman. Linda Loman- Linda was supporting Wiley, he Wiley is very gentle.
When she heard Wiley talking about unrealistic about the hope of the future, she always smiled and although she seems to have a good knowledge of what is really going on. She chides her sons, particularly Happy, for not helping Willy more, and supports Willy lovingly, despite the fact that Willy sometimes treats her poorly, ignoring her opinions over those of others. She is the first to realize Willy is contemplating suicide at the beginning of the play, and urges Biff to make something of him, while expecting Happy to help Biff do so. Linda suffered from Wiley’s ambitious dreams and self – delusion.
Occasionally, she seems to be taken in by Willy’s self-deluded hopes for future glory and success, but at other times, she seems far more realistic and less fragile than her husband. She has nurtured the family through all of Willy’s misguided attempts at success, and her emotional strength and perseverance support Willy until his collapse. Biff Loman- Wiley’s eldest son. Biff has the potential to be a high school football star, but his mathematics always fail that he dropped out of high school. Wiley and a woman in the summer vacation to Boston to visit biff.
He wanted to become a businessman’s dream, and ignoring his father and going out west to be a farmhand where he is happiest. He likes being outdoors and working with his hands yet wants to do something worthwhile so Willy will be proud. Biff steals because he wants evidence of success, even if it is false evidence, but overall Biff remains a realist, and informs Willy that he is just a normal guy, and will not be a great man. Biff led a charmed life in high school as a football star. Biff represents Willy’s vulnerable, poetic, tragic side.
He cannot ignore his instincts, which tell him to abandon Willy’s paralyzing dreams and move out West to work with his hands. He ultimately fails to reconcile his life with Willy’s expectations of him. Happy Loman Wiley’s little son. He has been living in most of his brother’s life in the shadow, seem to ignore him, but he also tried to support his family. He has a very restless lifestyle as a womanizer and dreams of moving beyond his current job as an assistant to the assistant buyer at the local store, but is unfortunately willing to cheat a little in order to do so, by taking bribes.
He cans always approval from his parents, but what is rarely. He even will let others attention, for example, told his parents he was getting married. He tries often to keep his family’s perceptions of each other positive or “happy” by defending each of them during their many arguments, but still has the most turbulent relationship with Linda, who looks down on him for his lifestyle and apparent cheapness, despite him giving them money. Happy represents Willy’s sense of self-importance, ambition, and blind servitude to societal expectations.
Although he works as an assistant in a department store, Happy presents himself as supremely important. Additionally, he practices bad business ethics and sleeps with the girlfriends of his superiors. Charley: Because of Wiley’s wisecrack and know the neighbors. He pities Willy and frequently lends him money and comes over to play cards with Willy, although Willy often treats him poorly. Wiley is always jealous of him because his son is more successful than Willy’s. Charley offers Willy a job many times during visits to his office, yet Willy declines every time, even after he loses his job as a salesman.
Bernard: Charley’s son. In Willy’s flashbacks, He is a nerd; Wiley was forced to give his son biff exam answer. He worships biff and does anything for him. Later, he became a very successful lawyer, married and gave birth to two sons. These successes are of the very kind that Willy wants for his sons, and in particular, Biff, making him contemplates where he had gone wrong as a father. Uncle Ben: Wiley’s brother, he was in Africa has become a diamond tycoon. He is dead, but Wiley often talk about his past.
Ben frequently boasts, “When I was seventeen I walked into the jungle, and when I was twenty-one I walked out. And by God I was rich. ” He is Willy’s role model, although he is much older and has no real relationship with Willy, preferring to assert his superiority over his younger brother. He represents Willy’s idea of the American Dream success story, and is shown coming by the Lomans’ house while on business trips to share stories. Ms. Francis: A woman with whom Willy cheated on Linda. Howard Wagner: He appointed Wiley as a salesman, but when Wiley for the company’s liabilities, he fired him, ignores all.
Howard is extremely proud of his wealth, which is manifested in his recording machine, and his family. Jenny: Charley’s secretary. Stanley: A waiter at the restaurant who seems to be friends or acquainted with Happy. Miss Forsythe: A call girl (prostitute) whom Happy picks up at the restaurant. She’s very beautiful Maihao several magazine covers all her. Happy lies to her, making himself and Biff look like they are important and successful. (Happy claims that he attended West Point and that Biff is a star football player. ) Letta: Miss Forsythe’s friend; also a call girl.