Democracy vs. Dictatorship
Democracy vs. Dictatorship. From the beginnings of the times, from ancient civilizations dated as back as 2000 B. C. E. , the world had been based upon political systems and philosophies of governments.
A country’s philosophy of government determines the economic system and the amount of rights that people have within that country’s borders.As people can see, in the article written by Severine Deneulin “Democracy and human development”, she explains the complexities of the relationship between democracy and human development, there she made it clear that the practice of democracy is good whether or not the government chose has a positive impact in the society of that country. Another article about countries’ governmental philosophies was written by Gene Sharp, and it is called “From dictatorship to democracy”.Throughout the entire article, Sharp said that it was wrong to compare democracy to communism because communism is an economic system and democracy is a political system, and that’s why he compared democracy and dictatorship.
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Within the lines of that article, Sharp mentioned that dictators are the result of having a disunited society in those countries, and that people should protest against the dictators to get their rights back as well.Therefore, everyone’s way of living Is affected by their country’s philosophy of government in a direct way. To begin with, a country’s philosophy of government determines the country’s economic system.
Economy is a matter of leadership, it is a matter of knowing when to take decisions, and these decisions are supposed to be taken by the country’s president or senate. Therefore, politics impact economy in a direct way.In democracy, people rule the country, and therefore they rule the economic system, which makes that economic system stronger because as Deneulin said “The ultimate aim of participation is increased accountability, transparency and efficiency of these governance structures in promoting development and reducing poverty”, which means that participation leads to a reduce in poverty rates and a strengthening in that economic system. But on the other hand we have dictatorships, where the president takes economic decisions by himself. The result of taking the decisions of a country by just one person is predictable: the population becomes weak, lacks self-confidence, and is incapable of resistance”(Sharp), which means that dictatorships lead to a weak economic system among their society because dictators hold too much power and most of them don’t know how to use it in a positive way. Additionally, while in democratic countries people not only rule their government but they are set free and have a lot of rights as well, in dictatorships governments set almost no right for the people and they dominate every single person who is living within that country’s borders. Democracy involves the right to vote and the holding of free and fair elections, respect for legal entitlements, respect for the right of public discussions, and the right to organize political movements of protest” (Deneulin).
These mentioned rights can lead people within a society to feel better about themselves because they know that the government is not dominating people but the other way around, which gives them a sense of being important and accountable.In the other side of the street, in dictatorships “people are often too frightened to share they hatred of the dictatorship and their hunger for freedom even with families and friends” (Sharp). Therefore, in dictatorships the country becomes weaker because people feel pressured by the government, which make those people not to perform well on their jobs, which leads to no improvements on the country. To terminate, every single human can easily see that a country’s philosophy of government affects it. People must analyze political philosophies and ideologies before picking a presidential candidate to favor.Politics determine economic systems and rights people have in that country. Therefore, politics are everywhere.
Economy and rights are not only related to each other but they are related and important to people too. For example, economy and rights are related in how in democracies people have the right to buy whatever they want, whenever they wanted and the quantity they want; which is called capitalism. And in the other hand, in dictatorships the lacks of rights can be seen in economy, specifically in how people can only buy what the government says, whenever the government says, and the amount the government says; which is called communism.Furthermore, in long term, it is preferable to have democracy than dictatorship because there is no developmental justification or evidence that shows dictatorships being successful, but there successful democracies as the United States. To summarize, both democracy and dictatorship are different philosophies of government that have a big impact on every single human cell alive in a specific country, in other word people can’t escape it.