Describe a range of course of dementia syndrome

The number of different types of dementia is; Benson’s syndrome (also called Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA)) Alzheimer’s disease Primary Progressive Aphasia (A type of Fronto-temporal dementia) Lewy body Disease (Also known as Dementia with Lewy bodies) Picks disease (A type of Fronto-temporal dementia) Binswangers Disease. ( A type of vascular dementia) Niemann-Pick disease type C Creutzfeldt – Jakob disease HIV Brain related impairment ( also Known as Aids Dementia Complex ) DESCRIBE THE TYPES OF MEMORY IMPAIRMENT COMMONLY EXPERIENCED BY INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENTIA. The types of memory loss are;

Alzheimer’s disease that affects the brain, caused by 2 abnormal proteins (Beta Amyloid and Tau) inside a person’s brain. The first of the brain to be affected is the area, responsible to recall memory. Vascular disease affects the brain also as a result of a stroke, which caused a cut off of oxygen that as starved the brain. This disease is also caused when blood vessels become diseased leading to a condition called sub-cortical dementia that affects memory and understanding.

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Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) has been found that people with this type of dementia have an accumulation of protein to the brain known as ‘Lewy bodies’.

It is said that these bodies will damage cells that consequently disrupt the same chemicals that affect those with Alzheimer’s. Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare disease in whish parts of the brain becomes damage and start to shrink the outer layer of the brain ( known as the cortex) with in time as disease progresses will affect memory and thinking. HIV-related cognitive impairment and dementia is an affection that weakens the immune system, this disease will also affect a number of different problems with the brain also. HIV in people with Neurocognitive disorder can also suffer with short term memory loss.

Niemann-Pick disease type C this is a rare inherited disorder; it is related to the fronto-temporal dementia that is also known as picks disease. This disease mainly affects school age children into adulthood. Those people to show symptoms in late adolescence or early adulthood are more likely to experience dementia as part of their disease with memory loss. EXPLAIN THE WAY THAT INDIVIDUALS PROCESS INFORMATION WITH REFERENCE TO THE ABILITIES AND LIMATIONS OF THE INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENITA; The way that individuals careering for someone, with dementia, is to be very understanding and to have compassions and time.

To be patient with them, to speak slow and clear so that your words can be understood, to take time to read their care plan and to speak to other work colleague or senior and learn more of what the individuals need as they may know them better. As you may need to use flash cards or hand jester when communicating and at their level. Also learning what abilities they can still full-fill with or without your assistance or guidance.

EXPLAIN HOW OTHER FACTORS CAN CAUSE CHANGES IN AN INDIVIDUAL’S CONDITION THAT MAY NOT BE ATTRIBUTABLE TO DEMEMTIA; The changes can be a change in where they used to live, meeting new people that they do not know or recognise, if their mobility as changed is they free from pressure sores and injuries. EXPLAIN WHY THE ABILILITIES AND NEEDS OF AN INDIVIDUAL WITH DEMENTIA MAY FLUCTUATE; The reason there can be any changes with any individuals can be because their dementia disease as progress or that they may have had their medication changed by their GP.

They may also have some changes in the body, i. e. bladder control or bowl control affecting their ability to toilet themselves. They may also develop arthritis which will affect how they mobilises weather by equipment. Also a change in support or (care worker or different routine). (2) DESCRIBE THE IMPACT OF EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND FOLLOW UP TO DIAGNOSIS; It is very important to be diagnosed early so that if it is not dementia then the cause of this dementia type behaviour symptoms can be treated( like Depression).

It is also important to diagnose dementia early as it may be possible for the doctor to prescribe medication that will slow down its progress of the disease. EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF RECORDING POSSIBLE SYMPTONS OF DEMENTIA IN AN INDIVIDUAL IN LINE WITH AGREED WAYS OF WORKING; It is important that you make sure you report, any changes that you see immediately to your manager or senior so if need be they can be recessed and that any new changes have also been added to the individuals care plan.

If need be if appropriate mentioned to the family. EXPAIN THE PROCRESS OF REPORTING POSSIBLE SIGNS OF DEMENTIA WITHIN AGREED WAYS OF WORKING; Once you have noticed changes in the individuals you can make notes that you are able to take to your manager or assistant manager or senior and explain to them the changes you have observed in the individuals so that additions can be made and passed on to other workers .

Sitting and communicating with the individuals and explain the changes. DESCRIBE THE POSSIBLE IMPACT OF RECEIVING A DIAGNOSIS OF DEMENTIA ON: THE INIDIVIDUALS; In receiving a diagnosis of dementia has a critical impact upon the well-being of the individuals causing feelings of turmoil, helplessness, diminished self-esteem and undermining of self are commonly seen.

THEIR FAMILY AND FRIENDS; Individuals with dementia and family and close friends may need some kind of help to adjust to their altered circumstance, which will go beyond the course of medication, the effectiveness of a staged approach to psycho-social interventions following diagnosis so that as the dementia progress the individuals and family and friends benefit from different levels of support. For what is appropriate and helpful early on may not be useful in the later stage. (3)

COMPARE A PERSON-CENTRED AND NON-PERSON-CENTRED APPROACH TO DEMENTIA; Is to recognise what is set for the individuals in their care plan knowing all about their life stories, their preferences, wishes and need that you are supporting. Taking time to speak, having patients and handling them with respect and dignity. Assisting with their caring needs The non-person –centred approach is not respecting the individuals and not following their needs as they have stated. But to carry out duties or assisting the way you wish to.

DESCRIBE A RANGE OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES THAT CAN BE USED TO MEET THE FLUCTUATING ABLILITIES AND NEEDS OF THE INDIVIDUAL WITH DEMENTIA; The different kind of techniques that can be used, are risk assessments to make sure that we are able to meet the individual needs, to be supportive in their choices and decision making, to take time to listen to them and never to over speak them, to assist them in personal care needs, remembering that they are human-beans first and for most, to be able to observe any changes in their abilities with dealing with dementia.

DESCRIBE HOW MYTHS AND STEREOTYPES RELATED DEMENTIA MAY AFFECT THE INDIVIDUAL AND THEIR CARERS; The way that myths and stereotypes may affect us is that you shall be expected to carry out and follow the myths, that it must be carry out it certain ways as expected, individuals may expect the old ways for you to do things and can show you the carer that they are not happy with you . they may be rude or insulting weather verbally , body language or physical, as the carer we must remember that the individual does not mean to express themselves it that way and that their dementia as changed them in different ways.

Carers will find at times it hard but we know the individuals and realise that is not their normal behaviour. DESCRIBE WAYS IN WHICH INDIVIDUALS AND CARERS CAN BE SUPPORTED TO OVERCOME THEIR FEARS; The ways that we can be there for the individuals and the careers are to help them improve their own self-esteem and make them feel valued, plus to focus on what they can do, rather than what they cannot do, will encourage the independence of feelings and self-worth, to also help individuals and carers deal with any stress they feel. Knowing you is there for them any time.

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