Development Administration Essay Sample

9 September 2017

The term development has multidimensional significance. Generally it means betterment. alteration. expansion. enlargement. addition. growing. rating. betterment etc. Development in the context of development disposal refers to the bunch of political relations and procedure through which the low income states strive to accomplish a higher degree of growing taking to a higher criterion of life for their people. Development has been perceived in different ways by bookmans of different subjects like ‘Modernization’ . ‘Industrialization’ . ‘Economic development’ . ‘political development’ . ‘Social development’ . etc. Economist argue that economic development is the basic index measured through the GDP distribution per capita. whereas politicians think that a society is developed where there is political freedom with confidence of basic necessities of life and the behaviourists believe socio-cultural development is development where its promotional chance exists. In contrast development should run into the basic demands of human being with increasing rate of comfort. life installations and good quality of nutrient. conveyance and communicating. instruction. wellness attention and hygiene installations etc.

In a society there are assorted establishment and organisation constitute assorted sector which help to increase the development of any state particularly a underdeveloped state or state like Bangladesh. The NGOs are one of them. Non-governmental organisations ( NGOs ) have become quite outstanding in the field of both national and international development in recent decennaries. The World Bank. for illustration. defines NGOs as “private organisations that pursue activities to alleviate agony. advance the involvements of the hapless. protect the environment. supply basic societal services. or undertake community development. ” A World Bank Key Document. Working with NGOs. adds. “In wider use. the term NGO can be applied to any non-profit organisation which is independent from authorities.

However From its birth as an independent state in 1971. Bangladesh became a site for Non Government Organisations. Initially focused on alleviation and rehabilitation activities following the War of Liberation and wining natural catastrophes. International and local NGOs turned their attempts to longer term development in the absence of province capacity to present public assistance. Both the national and international NGOs of our state have long old ages of experience in supplying wellness and household planning. adult females development. making employment coevals. giving recognition. mobilisation to aim group. capacity edifice in planning and direction. income gaining trough endeavor development etc services at grassroots degree and besides have had collaborative plan with authorities for infrastructural development of the state. The Concept of NGO:

A non-governmental organisation ( NGO ) is a lawfully constituted organisation created by natural or legal individuals that operates independently from any signifier of authorities. The term originated from the United Nations ( UN ) . and is usually used to mention to organisations that are non a portion of the authorities and are non conventional for-profit concern. In the instances in which NGOs are funded wholly or partly by authoritiess. the NGO maintains its non-governmental position by excepting authorities representatives from rank in the organisation. The term is normally applied merely to organisations that pursue wider societal purposes that have political facets. but are non openly political organisations such as political parties. NGO or non governmental organisation believe in the voluntarism rule of development which province that people are the primary and ultimate beginning of any wealth whatsoever. The major development plans of the NGOs are. hence undertaken for the people.

These organisations provide chance to the people in order to form themselves for self-defense. self-help. autonomy and development. In the most simple sense the term ‘NGO’ refers to any voluntary non-profit bureau involved in the field of development cooperation or in instruction and policy protagonism activities. OECD defined NGOs as organisations that are established and governed by a group of private citizen’s stated philanthropic intent and supported by voluntary single part. Others define NGOs as establishments outside the public and private sectors whose ends are chiefly value-driven ( human-centered or concerted ) instead than profit-driven. In Asiatic Institution of Technology. the NGO workshop highlighted on assorted definition of NGO such as: * It is an organisation of private persons who believe in certain basic societal rules. and construction their activities to convey approximately development to the communities that they are functioning. * An independent. democratic organisation working for the authorization of economically and/ or socially marginalized groups.

* An organisation non affiliated to political parties. by and large engaged in working for the development and public assistance of the community. * A non-profit. voluntary. service-oriented/development-oriented organisation for the benefit of the hapless. So. the term NGO includes all those non net income organisations which are involved in assorted development activities with the aim of the relieving poorness of the rural and urban hapless. Professor of anthropology. Richard Robbins. in his book. Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism ( Allyn and Bacon. 2002. Second Edition ) . suggests a few grounds why NGOs have become progressively of import in the past decennary or so. Amongst them ( from pp. 128 to 129 ) : 1. The terminal of the Cold War made it easier for NGOs to run 2. Communications progresss. particularly the Internet. have helped make new planetary communities and bonds between like-minded people across province boundaries 3. Increased resources. turning professionalism and more employment chances in NGOs 4.

The media’s ability to inform more people about planetary jobs leads to increased consciousness where the populace may demand that their authoritiess take action of some sort. 5. Possibly most of import. Robbins suggests. is that some believe NGOs have developed as portion of a larger. neoliberal economic and political docket. Shifts in economic and political political orientation have lent to increasing support of NGOs from authoritiess and official assistance bureaus in response. NGOs have. since the terminal of the Second World War. go progressively more of import to planetary development. They frequently hold an interesting function in a nation’s political. economic or societal activities. every bit good as assessing and turn toing jobs in both national and international issues. such as human. political and women’s rights. economic development. democratization. vaccination and immunization. wellness attention. or the environment.

However. in the underdeveloped universe. the function of NGOs is frequently critical. In old ages of drouth or dearth. the non-governmental administrations have been polar in supplying nutrient to those most marginalised. NGOs frequently provide indispensable services in the underdeveloped universe that in developed states governmental bureaus or establishments would supply. Normally. NGOs provide services that are in line with current incumbent governmental policy. moving as a subscriber to economic development. indispensable services. employment and the budget. In a wider attack. NGOs are besides the beginning and Centre of societal justness to the marginalised members of society in developing states or failed provinces. NGOs are frequently left as the lone 1s that defend or promote the economic demands and demands for developing provinces. frequently conveying instances to the International Monetary Fund. World Trade Organisation and World Bank. Developing states and NGOs frequently find Alliess in one another when opposing statute law. economic footings or understandings from planetary establishments. Emergence of NGO in Bangladesh:

The 1970s can be considered a period of outgrowth of NGOs in the development Landscape of Bangladesh. spread outing the focal point of NGO services. aiming NGO activities on the hapless and the disadvantaged. experimenting with new thoughts and programmes. and besides consolidating and organizing NGO activities. The outgrowth of NGOs in Bangladesh began merely after the lay waste toing cyclone that occurred in 1971 and after the war of release. Before independency. few international voluntary organisations such as CARE. CRS and the Society of Friends ( Religious society of friendss ) were working in Bangladesh. Their activities were limited to exigency aid and alleviation work. During the period between 1973 and 1976. NGOs diverted their attending to “developing integrated Community Development Programmes” integrating a figure of basic sectoral activities. These activities include agribusiness. piscaries. farm animal. wellness and household planning and instruction concentrating on grownup instruction.

This was a period of experimentation and larning from test and mistake. taking to the development of ends for the hereafter. Gradually the figure of NGOs proliferated and their activities expanded in different parts of the state. NGO organisers felt the demand for a common platform to organize their activities and besides to move as an agent to join forces and keep affair with authorities and givers. So in the twelvemonth 1974. the Association of Development Agencies in Bangladesh ( ADAB ) was established to supply a forum to ease exchange of positions and experience and to avoid duplicate of activities through proper coordination ( Huda 1987:3 ) . The constitution of ADAB as a networking organisation of NGOs was important for three grounds: ? It provided a common forum for the NGOs to run into. discourse. and decide jobs in carry oning activities in different parts of Bangladesh. ? It acted as an of import participant ( erstwhile go-between ) in keeping a congenial ambiance in GO-NGO dealingss and besides whenever necessary taking up issues related to NGO activities with authorities. ?

Government engaged ADAB in exigency alleviation and rehabilitation activities at times of natural catastrophe. During the 1990s the NGO sector in Bangladesh grew quickly. NGOs developed concern schemes to both provide mercantile establishment for beneficiaries’ green goods and to present goods and services to their ‘target groups’ . Local income has become progressively of import in schemes for sustainability of the organisations and the callings of their employees. The formation of the Palli Karma Shahyak Foundation ( PKSF ) which acts as recognition jobber to the MFIs drastically changed the NGO activity infinite. The operations of PKSF besides encouragedmany new MFIs to come up within smaller geographical districts and all such organisations are normally included under the umbrella of NGOs. The 2nd major move came with the bringing of microcredit. which turned many NGOs into apex organic structures of big webs of little groups spread over parts or the whole of the countryside. These MF-NGOs may good be regarded as quasi-private sector fiscal enterprisers expecting a proper legal model. The web created in the procedure of presenting recognition and other services created the footing for a 3rd sort of entrepreneurship. which is rooted in more expressed commercial motivations. Typology of NGO in Bangladesh:

One manner of categorising NGOs is by their location and size. An of import characteristic of NGOs in Bangladesh is the being of a big figure of little and regional NGOs side by side with big national NGOs that cover the state. Local NGOs are little. They usually operate in one Upazila consisting several Unions and small towns. They have little budgets and carry on their activities subject to the handiness of financess. Typically. they undertake activities associating to literacy. income coevals through recognition programmes. domestic fowl. kitchen horticulture. afforestation etc. Some local organisations are besides engaged in socio-cultural activities. There are no exact figures about the figure of local NGOs and voluntary organisations. but “There are an estimated 2. 000 development NGOs in Bangladesh. Most NGOs in Bangladesh are little. and have limited managerial and staff capacity. Regional NGOs are average sized and run in a limited country consisting several Upazilas in a few territories. They receive financess from assorted DPs and INGOs and besides act as spouses of big national Nongovernmental organization: for illustration more than 200 little NGOs work as spouses in the BRAC Education Support Programme.

Some illustrations of regional NGOs are. Village Education and Resource Center ( VERC ) . Gono Unnyan Prochesta ( GUP ) . Gono Kallyan Trust ( GKT ) . Association of Community Development ( ACD ) . Ashriyan and Uddipan. There are many illustrations of regional NGOs going national NGOs. widening their programmes to several territories and a big figure of Upazilas. Thengamara Mohila Sabuj Songha ( TMSS ) . Buro Tangail and Gonoshyssatra Kendra ( GK ) autumn into this class. Regional NGOs tend to be stable and by and big have regular beginnings of fund. National NGOs are big and work in about all territories of Bangladesh. They get big sums of money from a figure of givers. Some national NGOs are supported by donor pool who mobilize financess for different activities. Presently a group of 10 big Bangladesh NGOs dominates the NGO scene in Bangladesh. These include BRAC. ASA. Proshika. RDRS. CARITAS. TMSS. CCDB. Buro Tangail. HEED. FIVDB and Nizera Kori. International NGOs ( INGOs ) largely derive their resources from their state of beginning. The NGO Affairs Bureau identified 147 registered foreign NGOs in Bangladesh. The Functions of NGOs in Bangladesh:

NGOs in Bangladesh are involved in legion activities from basic service proviso to protagonism. human rights and administration. NGOs are rather successful in many of these countries and are known for their advanced attacks. The maps of NGOs in Bangladesh are described bellow: Entree to Credit for Poor and People in Distant Areas

NGOs in Bangladesh have played a really important function in opening up entree to recognition for the hapless and people in distant countries. Traditional banking had failed to make the hapless since ownership of collateral was a requirement for holding entree to bank recognition. One corollary of collateral -based loaning patterns was that the hapless were non bankable. The NGOs in Bangladesh and the Grameen Bank. established. to the contrary. that it is really much feasible to impart to the hapless and guarantee good recovery rate. and that such loaning did non necessitate collateral in the signifier of touchable assets. In the procedure. a new attack to banking has gained planetary acknowledgment. and its efficaciousness in turn toing demands of the hapless is widely acknowledged. In the Health sector

The engagement of NGOs in the execution of big giver funded wellness undertakings has shown a important addition in recent old ages. The HPSP. HNSP. UPHCP. HIV/AIDS bar and Care and Tuberculosis Control are a few major illustrations of these undertakings. where particular undertaking mechanisms are created for the engagement of NGOs in the execution procedure. The comparative advantages of NGOs over authorities. as these are claimed in the literature. can be summarized as follows ? NGOs have a base at grassroots degree and have better cognition of the community ; ? NGOs has web all over the state to function all sections of the population. ? NGOs have a big figure of karmis with entree to the pelt flung countries of the state ; ? NGOs have developed good expertness in the bringing of PHC and besides in certain other countries which include TB. Hansen’s disease. immunisation. household be aftering etc. ? NGOs are advanced in associating wellness services with recognition and other services. ? NGOs are effectual in preparation. developing BCC and IEC stuffs which have an impact on wellness service proviso. ? NGOs are comparatively efficient in the use of financess. ? NGOs are more advanced in guaranting engagement. gender equality and answerability. ? NGOs’ wellness service proviso is less bureaucratic and efficient. ? NGO services are low-cost and within range of the hapless.

NGOs have already made singular part in state broad immunisation plan and besides on the agencies of handling diarrhoea through homemade ORS.

Family be aftering
Most of the NGOs are involved in motivational activities and distribution of preventive at the community degree while a few have focused on generative wellness attention and surgical preventive services. Women Development

In order to develop the socio-economic status of the adult females the NGOs accent on adult females development. The focal point on adult females and group formation among NGO/MFIs are closely related – habitue group meetings and interactions in a non-kinship based infinite consequences in of import empowerment impact for the members. The really act of acquiring adult females who were so far excluded from the public sphere to organize groups. run into on a regular basis. chant mottos and interact with ( most frequently male ) foreigners. all done in a manner that emphasized the value of the adult females as holding an individuality independent from their male defenders. was radical. These Acts of the Apostless had far-reaching impacts in conveying about new ways of perceiving of the ego. muliebrity and associating to assorted battles in the kingdom of the economic. societal and political spheres. Education

The NGOs have concentrated their attempts on eliminating illiteracy through functional instruction for both work forces and adult females. They have peculiarly been working on children’s instruction plans. As a human resort development scheme the NGO provide non formal primary instruction to the mark kids where the bulk are misss. Sanitation

NGOs played an of import function in the preparation of the first National Sanitation Strategy ( NSS ) which was launched by the Local Government Division ( LGD ) of the Ministry of Local Government Rural Development and Cooperatives in 2005. This brought sanitation. which was so long an unmarked public policy issue. to the centre-stage of both the public wellness and the development sphere. The procedure of fixing and finalising the National Sanitation Strategy 2005 was a long and backbreaking one. affecting many different stakeholders at the macro degree. The NSS is an result of protagonism. lobbying. persuasion. policy duologue and audience between NGOs. givers. authorities functionaries. academicians and members of civil society. Water Aid Bangladesh ( WAB ) played a prima function in this procedure by forming different activities and fiscal support. and besides in the publication of the scheme ( Discussion based on Water Aid certification and advice ) . Employment Coevals

The NGOs expand the chance of employment coevals through little trading. rickshaw drawing. and mulberry plantation for adult females. etc. Enterprise Development

The chance of income earning of the hapless are expanded by NGOs trough endeavor development such as societal forestry. fish civilization. and weaving. domestic fowl and farm animal raising. Development of Appropriate Irrigation Technology

With a position to reacting to the demands of the little and fringy husbandmans and besides to advance harvest variegation. NGOs develop low cost irrigation engineerings through research and experiment. For case the Rangpur Dinazpur Rural Services developed the treadle pump and a bamboo tubing good ; the Mennonite Central commission developed the Rower pump etc. From such enterprises there are presently more than 13. 000 such engineerings in operation in the state. Environment

In the recent yearss Bangladesh is considered to be an environmentally endangered part. The major environmental jobs in Bangladesh include deforestation. desertification and harm to the familial a aquatic environment. The NGOs undertake assorted plans to battle deforestation and to better the conditions of deforestation. Urban and Rural Development

For urban and rural development. the NGOs expand their activities through substructure development. slum development. low-priced lodging. nutrient for works plan. building and Reconstruction of roads. span and culverts etc. Thus the NGOs of Bangladesh supply different type of services for the development of the state. The Role of NGOs in Bangladesh:

In all domains of development. NGOs are reported to hold created a landmark in the history of Bangladesh. NGOs as the proper alternate organisations have the vision of imaginativeness. flexibleness. liberty. creativeness. advanced machinery. experience resources and schemes of put to deathing coders including non formal constructive instruction. NGOs have different undertakings towards development. Undoubtedly to state. the NGOs with their constructive attempts have been advancing development schemes by making alone alterations in the field of socioeconomic advancement in Bangladesh since her independency. Most of the enterprises made by the NGOs chiefly targeted to accomplish overall development of the state by run intoing pragmatically or practically. The NGOs have their constructive mission in developing the state. They touch the cardinal elements of socio economic development of a state. If human resources are non decently used. it will be gradual inactive and useless for the state conveying no public-service corporation.

The most of import NGO invention has been in the manner they reach the hapless. A group-based or mark group mobilisation scheme underpins virtually all development NGO plans aimed at service-delivery. Such an attack serves to carry through non merely the end of economic betterment through direct targeting and beneficiary engagement. but besides that of societal and institutional development through beef uping the forming capacity of the hapless to be more able to assist them. The designation of recognition as a critical demand felt by the hapless and subsequent designing of an efficient and cost-efficient bringing mechanism to function this demand. hold justifiably become the most will-known of the development NGO inventions in Bangladesh. The theoretical account pioneered by Grameen Bank ( GB ) has established micro-credit as the most widely replicated anti-poverty plan in both authorities and development NGO sectors. The function of the development NGOs has been important in a figure of primary health care concerns. notably immunisation and diarrhoea control. NGOs have been peculiarly successful in efficaciously circulating wellness through advanced media runs.

Additions in immunisation are already being reflected in decreased infant mortality. Universal consciousness of unwritten desiccation therapy has besides aggressively cut down instances of diarrheal deceases. Low registration and high drop-out rates have been major jobs that plague primary schools in Bangladesh. In response to this the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee ( BRAC ) pioneered a system of theoretical account is focused on hapless kids. It employs immature Para-professional instructors ( largely female ) drawn from the community. A strong accent is placed on parent and community engagement.

Some NGOs undertake alone plans of engineering transportation. Worsening dirt birthrate is an emerging environmental concern. About eight Nongovernmental organizations are presently involved in ground-breaking farm-level inventions in fertilizer-use and pest-management. These activities are complemented are developing an extension system for appropriate engineering transportation to homestead agribusiness. It encourages cultivation of a assortment of fruits and veggies and teaches the proper method of chilling. The consequence non merely provides income but besides improves the nutritionary position of the household. peculiarly kids. During the 1970ss and early 1880ss. irrigation led agribusiness was promoted by the authorities bureaus. Small husbandmans with an acre or less of land could non afford irrigation engineering. In response to the demand of the little and fringy husbandmans and besides to advance harvest variegation. NGOs developed low-cost irrigation engineerings through research and experiment. Critical Analysis of the Function and Role of the NGOs:

Third universe state like Bangladesh there has been considerable Positive and negative argument about the map and function which are playing by of NGOs. However the NGOs in Bangladesh by and large face some challenges in the clip of their operation such as: Lack of Fundss: NGOs are showing trouble in happening sufficient. appropriate and uninterrupted support for their work. They find accessing givers every bit disputing as covering with their support conditions. They perceive there to be certain trusts of persons and NGOs that control entree to donor financess. They have limited resource mobilisation accomplishments and are frequently non looking for financess that are available locally. preferring to wait for international givers to near them. There is a high dependence of givers and a inclination to switch intercessions to fit giver precedences. There is a deficiency of fiscal. undertaking and organisational sustainability. Poor Governance: Poor administration was recognized within the sector as a whole. within the NGO Council and within single NGOs.

Knowledge of good administration varied widely. with some parts bespeaking really small apprehension of why NGOs are required to hold Boardss or what their functions and maps should be. Many other participants explained that it is hard to accomplish good administration with laminitiss who wished to have their NGOs for their ain intents. Participants with better apprehension of good administration appreciated that this is cardinal to NGO answerability and transparence. Many NGOs mismanage their resource rather frequently with the engagement and encouragement of their Boardss that eat their NGOs resources. Absence of Strategic Planning: Few NGOs have strategic programs which would enable them to hold ownership over their mission. values and activities. This leaves them vulnerable to the caprices of givers and makes it hard to mensurate their impact over clip. Poor Networking: Poor networking is identified as a major challenge. It is the cause of duplicate of attempts. conflicting schemes at community degree. a deficiency of larning from experience and an inability of NGOs to turn to local structural causes of poorness. want and under-development.

Negative competition for resources besides undermines the repute of the sector and the effectivity of NGO activities at community degree. As a consequence there is a great trade of intuition among NGOs. secretiveness and deficiency of transparence. Many NGOs. big and little. intervene at community degree without any community function and implement undertakings without due respect to ongoing community enterprises. NGO political relations: one contending another. one with resources but no community presence. another with community presence but no resources. Poor Communications: NGOs besides recognize that there is really hapless communicating within the sector. The bulk of NGOs have small or no entree to reliable electronic mail and internet connexions ; they receive about no literature on development issues and are by and large out of touch with issues of planetary. regional and national importance. Limited Capacity: NGOs acknowledge that many of them have limited proficient and organisational capacity. Few NGOs are able or willing to pay for such capacity edifice. Weak capacity was identified in fund-raising. administration. proficient countries of development. and leading and direction.

Some NGOs felt that the being of quality criterions would help them to develop the needed capacities. The velocity of engineering alterations is besides a challenge peculiarly in countries of IT capacity. Political Intervention: NGOs leaders identified the intervention of local politicians and civic leaders as a major hinderance to their work. Where NGOs are involved in sensitive issues. such as land differences. local leaders can endanger NGOs with de-registration. NGOs are non cognizant that the Board – and potentially the Council – is at that place to protect them from such bullying. From positive point of position the map and function of NGOs can be considered as competent. possible. and indispensable agent in the procedure of national development. The NGOs are adept to transport on benefits to the hapless who are about ever ignored by governmental plans.

The major part of NGOs in Bangladesh possibly lies in developing human potencies through edifice organisation of the hapless. The parts of NGOs are seeable in mobilising impoverished adult females and affecting them in assorted income and employment generating activities. Despite their part in development of the state it is argued that NGOs are non politically strong plenty and don’t have any societal committedness to convey out alteration in bing power construction ; instead it claimed that the NGOs either wittingly or otherwise served the involvement of international corporate capital. It is besides argued that the NGOs plans leave out the extreme hapless which is a important part of its possible clients. The NGOs face major challenge in this regard. Some perceivers identify NGOs as a new agent for using neo-imperialism. They considered that the activities of the NGOs are dedicated to function the involvement of the giver states and bureaus. Besides this the large NGOs receive the major portion of the foreign contribution where the little NGOs are deprived of foreign assistance. This instability among the large and little NGOs is besides raised as a unfavorable judgment. Besides the forces of the NGOs are blamed for nepotism. corruptness. abuse of power and embezzlement of money. NGOs Operation in Bangladesh and Transparency Issue:

Although NGOs bring many positive alteration and work for rural development of the state as a whole I think their operation or activities are non so clear in the sense of transparence. As they are non-profit. non governmental public assistance organisation the authorities has no supervising mechanism to warrant the operation of the NGOs of the state. As a consequence the word answerability does non be for making their activities or executing their operation. Accountability brings duty and for being responsible the word ‘Transparency’ come frontward. NGOs operate for public benefit. like authoritiess. instead than private benefit. like companies. In order to do the most part to other people’s attempts. NGOs should run with the openness and transparence expected from democratic authoritiess. unless there are strong grounds non to. But it is really sorrow to state that. Not being democratically elected who are these organisations and who do they stand for? What is their legitimacy in fostering their causes?

Are they effectual in advancing their aims? Are they unfastened. transparent and accountable to their stakeholders? Do the stakeholders have an chance to act upon the policies and patterns of an NGO? What means are acceptable to an NGO in fostering its aims and what non? Many of these inquiries remain unreciprocated in the contemporary operations of most NGOs. Some NGOs are now the largest suppliers of a scope of services in Bangladesh. and their function with regard to the hapless. concern and authorities has become progressively capable to debate. Around half of the NGOs registered with the Ministry of Social Welfare remain inactive for long and a few of them are even on a regular basis taking financess from the authorities. uncover a recent determination. A astonishing 23. 280 of the 50. 997 registered NGOs. which do non acquire foreign financess but receive authorities allotment. have so far become “signboard NGOs” and have no recent activities.

“Signboard NGOs” does non subject their one-year studies and fiscal records to the Department of Social Welfare ( DSW ) as per the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies ( Registration and Control ) Ordinance. 1961. Equally many as 16. 980 such NGOs did non subject their one-year and audit studies in the past 15 old ages. Some NGOs are still having one-year allotment estimated between Tk. 50. 000 and Tk. 5 hundred thousand from the authorities in the name of societal development and public assistance. On the other manus. a figure of inactive NGOs are having run uping machines. computing machines. wheel chairs and other things. Harmonizing to the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies ( Registration and Control ) Ordinance. 1961. an person or organisation could acquire enrollment to run voluntary or societal public assistance activities to assist women’s empowerment and rural development and guarantee rights of kids. the handicapped and elderly people through DSW. It’s unfortunate that some NGOs in the name of societal or voluntary activities are fostering and funding hawkish activities. Most of these NGOs belong to political party. and their activities are non crystalline.

On the other manus most of the NGOs of Bangladesh are run by foreign assistance ; as a consequence they have to make what the giver bureau wants. International NGOs have a important presence in Bangladesh supplying both human-centered and development financess to local NGOs. Furthermore. foundations and swear financess such as Aga Khan Foundation. Ford Foundation etc. besides supply financess to NGOs for their activities in Bangladesh. Besides they does non subject their fiscal statement to NGO personal businesss Bureau or the concern ministry ; as a consequence how and where they spent their money the ratio of plan to non-program disbursal. approximate costs per donee. how much donated services subsidize existent costs ( progressively. voluntaries complete specific undertakings that would otherwise be paid services ) etc remain ill-defined and non transparent.

For this ground the word corruptness are now closer to NGOs operation. For non being accountable to anyone or non hold any clear fiscal statement the functionaries of NGO become corrupted. Most of the assistance money is used for their personal involvement instead than people involvement or public assistance operation. Leadership and staff of a non-governmental organisation are utilizing their place for personal advantage or fiscal addition. NGOs should do relevant information available in ways that are easy for different stakeholders to entree. In peculiar. they should do information accessible to the organisations and hapless people they work with straight. But it is really unfortunate to state that the NGOs of our state don’t have clear and accessible information to the hapless they work with. Decision

NGOs ( Non-governmental organisations ) activities have virtually grown into a motion in Bangladesh and finally playing a really important function in the nation’s development procedure scene. NGOs have non been evolved over clip. The NGOs throughout the universe have evolved in the specific context of the society. The context of the developed states and developing states are surely different. The last three decennaries. tremendous growing of NGOs in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has been regarded as the land of NGOs. In Bangladesh NGOs started their activities as voluntary. non-profit-making organisation but they make themselves indispensable in the necessary for the hapless. backward and in ware adult females of Bangladesh. It has argued that these NGOs have transformed themselves by altering or integrating new ends in order to confront the challenges which were thrown upon them from the environment in which they operate. NGOs have been highly successful in supplying entree to a recognition to a big figure of people and engagement in development procedure. to some extent. has made the function of the few NGOs controversial.


* Islam. M. N and S. Hussain. “Rural Development Programs and the Role of NGOs in Bangladesh” in M. A Quddus ( erectile dysfunction ) Rural Development in Bangladesh Strategies and Expertise. Comolla. BARD. * Karim. M. “Non Governmental Organizations in Bangladesh: Issues of Legitimacy and Accountability” . Grassroots. Vol. 3 No. 12. * Aminuzzaman. S. “NGOs and Development Management in Bangladesh” . Administrative alteration. vol24. No. 3. * Shelly. M. R “NGOs Movement in Bangladesh” . working paper. * OECD. Voluntary Aid for development: the Role of Non-Governmental Organization. * Khanna. B. S. “Role of Voluntary Agencies in Rural Development: Case Studies form Bangladesh” . * Huq. M. F. ‘Towards Sustainable Development: Rural Development and NGO Activities in Bangladesh” . Dhaka Agricultural Research Council. * From different web site about the Role and Function of NGOs in Bangladesh. * Class talks.

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