Difference Between New England and Chesapeake Regions
Although the New England and Chesapeake regions were both settled by the English in the early 1600s, there were many distinct differences between the two, such as their colonial category, geographical location, and their main source of economic stability.
To begin, the New England and Chesapeake regions were different because of their reasons for colonization. The Chesapeake region was colonized by the London Company, a joint-stock company, the sole purpose of the colony to find gold and to get rich quick. The owners of the company had a great deal of money invested in the success of the colony, which put pressure on the colonists to succeed in returning the investment for the owners of the company by finding gold and resources for England. The New England colonies were created as Charter colonies. The colonists of New England, mostly puritans, were escaping religious persecution back in England and were eager to set up a land where they could practice their religion freely without fear of imprisonment. These colonists believed that their colony was the “City on the Hill” the example for the whole world to see. Free of pressure from the greedy investors of the joint-stock company, the New England region developed a colony similar to a religious utopia.
Secondly, the New England and Chesapeake regions were different as a result of geographical location. The Chesapeake region had the ideal climate and geography for cultivating the time period’s number one cash crop, tobacco. The Chesapeake region had rich, fertile soil and a climate suitable for growing cash crops such as tobacco. The Chesapeake soon became a plantation colony cranking out the tobacco for the salivating investors of the joint-stock company. Up north, in New England, it was quite the opposite, The region was riddled with rocks and the climate was inadequate for farming. The cold rocky environment of the New England region did have some advantages. For one, the New England region had rivers befitting for navigation and forests filled with miles and miles of trees. These advantages created New England’s main industry, ship building. Ship building and trade soon took over as New England’s main source of economic affluence.
To sum up, the reasons why the New England and Chesapeake regions became two distinctly different societies were because of the geographical location, economic systems, and their colonial category