Discussion Board on American History

6 June 2016

DB # 5 Explain how profits, piety, and politics affected American foreign policy in the late 19th century. Profits affected American foreign policy because the US was producing more that it could possibly consume at the time, they needed a market for their exports. In order to secure their share of the global market and make a good profit along with access to sugar, coffee, fruits, oil, rubber and minerals, the government built a stronger navy, acquired more coaling stations and colonies and invested heavily in foreign markets. As for the piety, a strong sense of duty and the missionary ideal of doing good for others motivated expansionism. And for politics, the public outcry for support of things like the Cuban rebels against Spain, fueled by sensationalist journalism, also spurred expansionism.

DB # 6 Chapter 19: Briefly discuss the major problems of American society that concerned the social justice progressives and explain how they tried to confront these issues. Also, what was the one thing that the Progressives lacked in their vision?

Some of the problems that the social justice movement wanted to improve on was education, inner cities, better life for immigrants, and labor conditions. With education, they wanted a better education for the youth of the country. This was mainly focused in cities. With inner cities, they wanted to have better housing for all. Overall, they wanted to humanize areas so it was good living conditions for everyone. For immigrants, they saw issues in the system, they wanted to assimilate them into American society better.

For labor, they wanted to create child labor laws and put limits on the amount of time people could work. In order to figure out how and what needed to be changed, they used their education to conduct surveys, research, and create reports for social change. What they did lack was a desire to help African Americans. Instead they focused on white people. Even though this was a reform movement to move society forward, without including all races it lacked all the pieces.

DB # 7 Chapter 20: Discuss the reasons the United States government announced a policy of neutrality at the outbreak of the war in Europe in 1914, as well as the difficulties the U.S. had in maintaining such a policy prior to its entry into the war in 1917. What do you think the outcome of the Great War would have been if the U.S. did not get involved?

The United States government announced a policy of neutrality at the outbreak of the war in Europe because it did not want to risk what was at stake by entering the war. It was also believed that the fighting would be contained in Europe and would have no threat of violence for Americans. Since the imports and exports were so important for Americans they did not want to enter the war and complicate the trade.

It was not until the threat to sink all ships did the United States government feel as though they needed to enter the war. It was very important for the United States to get involved to stop Germany from taking over Europe and creating a major threat for Americans. The involvement of the United States in the war was very important for the allied forces that were fighting Germany. If the United States did not get involved than Germany could very well have taken over Europe and then attempted to take over the United States and eventually taking over the world. It is important to help support our allies in a time of need to prevent a war being brought to Americans on United States soil.

DB # 9 Chapter 22: Why do you feel the New Deal was or was not successful in solving the problems of the Great Depression.

The New Deal was not successful in solving the problems of the Great Depression, but may have lessened the severity of them. Some of the actions Roosevelt took were to give more regulatory power to the government to watch over the stock market, protect private investments with government insurance, tried to balance the budget, and created government programs to get people working again. While his legislation helped strengthen the federal government and to promote social reform they did little to better the financial situation of American families.

DB # 10 Chapter 23: Should the United States have used the atomic bomb to end World War II? I wasn’t alive at the time, but yes from what I understand and have read. We did the right thing even though dropping the 2 big bombs was inhumane. Experts estimate that the war in the Pacific would have gone on for another 2 or 3 years if we did not. Apparently Japanese citizens were arming themselves against an Allied invasion, in other words they were not going down without a long drawn out fight. DB#11 Chapter 24: What impact did the Cold War have on society at home?

The impact that the Cold War had on society and rule was that it turned many people in the country into schizophrenics, paranoia ran free. Many people were on secret agent mode. The claim that many people were communist helped to support the paranoia. At the time it was a very tense moment, and many people did support the communist agenda. It was Senator McCarthy who enjoyed pushing accusations, why his mind was set like that is undetermined, his anti-Communist campaign purpose was to remove political opponents and achieve as much attention as he could do to the lack of it as a youth. It was a radical time and the Cold War did contribute the radicalness, and transition of ideologies here in the US. There’s no doubt about that.

According to the textbook, Americans showed excitement towards the atomic bomb era. Then the anxiety sank in and when the Soviet Union tested its own bomb. With the productions of movies and publications, feared was spread during the Cold War. A publication in Consumer Reports showed research on household items that contained radioactive isotopes. Then with the fear of radioactive fallout, family bomb shelters were installed at American homes across the country. Communism fears also spread across America. People were suspicious of others being tied to communism and communist parties. McCarthy’s anti-communism campaigns helped aid the fear paranoia among Americans.

DB#13 Chapter 26: Pretend that you are preparing a television documentary about the Civil Rights movement during the 1960’s. What events would you show? Who would you interview or discuss? The first event that I would cover would be the Selma to Montgomery March. This march highlights the struggle for Civil Rights. On the first attempt they were beaten by police and sprayed with tear gas. This was representative of the fierce opposition to the Civil Rights Movement in the South. They tried again, but they turned back when police were there to beat them again.

On the third try the marchers obtained permission from the court to proceed with their march. This is representative of never giving up for what the protesters believed in. I would want to interview the people on the front line of the march. These people likely came all three times, continuing to push for their rights. The second event I would cover is the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. He was a man with a great vision of equality. I admire him for his choices of teaching peace demonstrations. I think he played a huge role in the Civil Rights Movement, and he collected agenda lead to more success than more violent leaders. I would want to interview people who were children when Martin Luther King Jr was assassinated.

I think people who were children when great tragedies happened are more affected then adults during the same event. I think this would be a really good representation of the Civil Rights Movement. The march shows that people were never going to give up until they received the rights they deserved. The march shows that they were not going to break the law; instead they would go about it peacefully with the court’s permission. The assassination shows the loss of a great leader dedicated to his cause. A leader that taught a generation that peace can still get the job done.

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