It could be a physical component, which is known as physical environment or a-biotic environment that includes the built environment. The natural surroundings like air conditions, water, land, atmosphere etc are also the part of physical environment but they are commonly known as natural environment. People surrounding the item or thing, this type of environment is known as human environment. This is also known as the social environment and includes elements like the religious environment, emotional environment, residence, relations etc. Types of Environment
There are mainly three types of environment- 1. The Physical environment It is also known as a-biotic environment and natural environment. The meaning of ‘a-biotic’ or ‘physical’ is non living like land water air conditions atmosphere which constitutes of soil. So we can say that physical or a-biotic environment is the environment which includes non living or physical things which are constitutes of soil and affect the living things. The physical or a-biotic environment also includes the climatic factors such as sunbeams, rainwater, precipitation, moisture, pressure and wind speed.
The Importance of Physical Environment Just think, the most important thing to make house is residential space, and for residential space, we need land area. The land area is included in physical environment. So it is responsible for the residential for living beings. The a-biotic environment like soil, water and air are the necessary nutrients element provider for the living beings. All of living beings are surrounded by atmosphere; it is the combination of different types of gases. The living beings take oxygen and other gases from the atmosphere.
The a-biotic environment also controls the climatic factors like weather. The physical environment also includes the soil which is responsible for the works and food crops for the living beings. It also provides different types of minerals which are very necessary for growth of life Water is one of the most necessary things for living beings. Physical environment also deals with the water factor of the earth. 2. Biotic environment It is also known as biological environment and organic environment.
In the opposite side of the physical environment, the biotic or biological environment is responsible for the living beings. You have already understood that the meaning of ‘biological’ is living things. So, the biological environment is the environment which involves the living part of the earth. The importance of biotic environment In this type of environment includes the plants, trees, animals, mammals, underwater living beings including human beings and microorganisms like bacteria and fungi. There is a concept which is necessary to understand.
The living beings are highly dependent to each other. For example humans are highly depend upon plants and trees for food and oxygen, and plants and trees are also depend upon humans and animals because of co2. 3. Social or cultural environment This type of environment involves the culture and life style of the human beings. The social or cultural environment means the environment which is created by the man through his different social and cultural activities and thinking. The historical, cultural, political, moral, economic aspects of human life constitute to the social or cultural environment.
The Importance of Social or Cultural Environment Culture involves the religion of the human, relations with each other etc. In a society there involve different types of people, they have different religion, different thinking, which has culture of its own and posses people having their own life style. The social or culture environment affects the social culture of human beings and hence it has the great importance. The development of a child is highly depends upon culture and society. Environmental Elements The following is a comprehensive list of elements of the environment.
Earth „ Geology „ Soils „ Topography „ Unique physical features „ Erosion/enlargement of land area (accretion) Air „ Air quality „ Odor „ Climate Water „ Surface water movement/quantity/quality „ Runoff/absorption „ Floods „ Groundwater movement—quantity/quality „ Public water supplies Plants and Animals „ Habitat for/numbers of/diversity of species (i. e. , plants, fish, other wildlife) „ Unique species „ Fish or wildlife migration routes Energy and Natural Resources „ Amount required/rate of use/efficiency [Greenhouse Gas Emissions] „ Source/availability „ Non-renewable resources Conservation and renewable resources Environmental Issues in Developing Countries In developing countries seeking to expand their economic activities, consideration for environmental conservation often receives a low priority. In addition, approaches used in industrialized countries often cannot be applied directly in developing countries. In this context, NIES is conducting research on ways to conserve the environment that are appropriate for developing country conditions. Water quality and air pollution are serious problems in developing countries in the Asian region.
Air pollution in major cities marked by many factories and heavy vehicle traffic also have high concentrations of sulfur dioxide and suspended particulate matter (SPM), at levels Japan experienced in the past. In addition, problems such as damage from acid rain and transboundary pollution are growing more serious. Pollution of rivers and lakes from chemical substances (including agricultural chemicals) and eutrophication (including abnormal growth of toxic algae) are also occurring more frequently, while water shortages and tropical forest destruction are worsening.
Rapid growth population is usually accomplished by serious environmental degradation, including soil erosion, desertification and deforestation. Deforestation cause soil erosion, increase flooding, drought and the displacement of whole society and cultures. The main cause of current and projected lack of availability of adequate among of fresh water include poor management linked to lack of adequate conservation, in adequately treated sewage and industrial waste, loss of natural water catchment areas etc and pollute linked to poor agricultural practices which release pesticides and other harmful chemicals into ground water.
Air pollution from the increased use of fossil fuels is harming human health, causing acid rain, which is turn damages whole ecosystem and increase the build-up of atmospheric co2 and the likelihood of global warming and climate instability. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION Environmental education is a learning process that increases people’s knowledge and awareness about the environment and associated challenges, develops the necessary skills and expertise to address the challenges. IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION Our planet is now at a crossroads.
So environmental education is very necessary to give awareness and control the different environmental issues. Environmental education uses environmental issues and topics as a theme to weave into all subjects and grades. This ensures all students will have many opportunities to acquire the knowledge, skills, perspectives and practices they need to become environmentally literate citizens. There will also be opportunities for students to address environmental issues in their homes, in their local communities, or at the global level.