Electoral College Reform Essay Research Paper In
Electoral College Reform Essay, Research Paper
In order to increase the easiness of making and set uping a federal authorities with a cardinal figure of office, the framers of the Constitution created the Electoral College. The College was formed to ease the procedure of electing a president every four old ages. The thought behind the Electoral College was that each province received a certain figure of electoral ballots harmonizing to its population, all of which went to the campaigner who won that States popular ballot. In this twenty-four hours and age, inquiries arise as to whether or non this is the best and most efficient method of electing this states most powerful office.
There exists some possibilities, nevertheless improbable, that the popular ballot and the Electoral ballot could conflict, and the campaigner whom more people desire as president would lose out to a individual who won more electoral college ballots, but less popular.
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See this scenario. State A has 20 Electoral College ballots. State B has 10. There are 100 people in State A and 50 people in State B. In State A 51 people vote for Joe and 49 for Jack. In State B, 1 individual ballots for Joe and 9 people vote for Jack. This all totals up to 51 popular ballots for Joe and 58 for Jack, but 20 Electoral Votes for Joe and 10 for Jack. Joe wins the election, yet Jack had more people vote for him. This can be taken even to the largest graduated table, for this really incident has occurred in our state? s history. In the presidential race of 1888 between Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison, Cleveland won the public by over 100,000 ballots, but when broken down into Electoral College ballots, Harrison won by a instead big border. ( Hively, 75 )
This statement remains at the head of the Electoral College reform motion. The idea that a plurality of electors may non elect a president is ghastly to many people, particularly that bulk of uneducated electorate who were non cognizant that the President is non elected by direct popular ballot. Many reforms have been offered as options to this system, and in 1977 Congress introduced a measure to eventually reform it. The
measure won a simple bulk in both the House and the Senate, nevertheless it needed to earn 2/3 of the ballots, since it required altering the Constitution. ( Hively, 75 ) Therefore, the measure died, although it is expected to derive popularity one time more in the hereafter.
The most powerful alternate to the present system is non to wholly get rid of the Electoral College. If you have read this essay closely you will recognize that the deepest job with the Electoral College lies in the fact that the bulk victor of a province gets all of it? s Electoral ballots. A? victor takes all? system, if you will. Therefore, a province? s Electoral ballots should be divided proportionately among the two top campaigners. If there are more than two campaigners who received less popular ballots than the top two, they should be stricken from the Electoral College ballot. Then take per centum of electors who voted for 3rd and 4th topographic point campaigners, and deduct that from a States entire figure of Electoral College ballots. The staying figure of Electoral Votes should be divided among the two top campaigners proportionately. When all provinces involved have completed this procedure, the entire figure of afflicted ballots in the full state should be passed on to the House of Representatives and thrown into an unfastened ballot. The campaigner who receives more House votes gets that figure of Electoral ballots. This is a complicated procedure, but is however the best manner to acquire a good general consensus, so that an election can non perchance be dominated by single provinces.
Although the Electoral College system was reasonably good when it was conceived, and worked good harmonizing to the desires of the Constitutional Framers, it does non conform to the desires of America? s quickly educating public. One of the key thoughts behind the creative activity of the Electoral College lied in the Framer? s base misgiving in the people of America. In 1787 the people of America were uneducated husbandmans and merchandisers. In 1999 the people of America are educated, represented, and more than worthy of being in more direct control of the Election of America? s highest office.