Eli Whitney Essay Research Paper Eli Whitney

10 October 2017

Eli Whitney Essay, Research Paper

Eli Whitney Historians believe that one of the greatest innovators in the birth of mechanization, American discoverer, innovator, mechanical applied scientist, and maker Eli Whitney. Best remembered as the discoverer of the cotton gin. He made his first fiddle when he was merely 12. Eli started college when he was 23, in 1788. He left for Georgia and got his first expression at cotton concern. He graduated from Yale in 1792, and went to Savannah, Georgia to learn and analyze jurisprudence. After he graduated he went south to tutor the kids of a affluent plantation proprietor. He taught school for five old ages. Eli Whitney made and sold nails during the Revolutionary war. In 1798 Eli obtained a authorities contract to do 10,000 muskets. In 1812 he was given another contract for 15,000 muskets.He built the first pieces mill to utilize mass production methods. When Eli Whitney built his first mill in 1798, he allocated a great trade of his cherished resources to supplying lodging for his workers every bit good as guaranting that they were good off financially. This consideration marked his full calling as an industrialist. He wanted to & # 8220 ; employ steady sober people, & # 8221 ; tied to his mill and portion of a community of industry. He intended to make a self-sufficing small town, bring forthing goods, and populated by good educated, happy workers, Whitneyville. He besides affected the industrial development of the United States, in fabricating muskets but most of Whitney & # 8217 ; s ain guns parts do non in fact interchange. Nevertheless, Eli Whitney is a figure whose history is intriguing, and whose impact in New Haven can non be overstated. He translated the construct of interchangeable parts into a fabrication system, giving birth to the American mass-production construct. Whitney saw that a machine to clean the seed from cotton could do the South comfortable and do its discoverer rich. He set to work at one time and within yearss had drawn a study to explicate his thought ; 10 yearss subsequently he constructed a petroleum theoretical account that separated fibre from seed. By 1793 he designed and constructed a machine called the cotton gin, that rapidly separated cottonseed from the short basic cotton fibre. The first cotton gin was a wooden box that spun around a membranophone and picked the cottonseed with wire maulerss. Cotton Gin, machine used to divide the fibres of cotton from the seeds. Before the innovation of the cotton gin, seeds had to be removed from cotton fibres by manus ; this labour-intensive and time-consuming procedure made turning and reaping cotton wasteful. The cotton gin allowed the s

eeds to be removed mechanically and rapidly from the cotton fibers, making cotton production economical and leading to dramatic growth in the United States cotton industry. This expansion contributed to an increase of slave labor in the United States. Whitney’s cotton gin, also called a saw gin, consisted of a cylinder to which a number of saw-like teeth were attached. As the cylinder revolved, the teeth passed through the closely spaced ribs of a fixed comb. When cotton was fed into the gin, the teeth caught the cotton fibers and pulled them through the comb. The seeds, which were too large to pass between the ribs, were left behind, ( This principle, with virtually no modifications, is still employed in modern automatic saw gins used to process the bulk of the U.S. cotton crop).After perfecting his machine he filed an application for a patent on June 20, 1793; in February 1794 he deposited a model at the Patent Office, and on March 14 he received his patent. Whitney’s gin brought the South prosperity. Whitney entered into partnership with the plantation manager, Phineas Miller, to manufacture cotton gins at New Haven, Connecticut. A disastrous factory fire prevented the partners from making enough gins to meet the demand, and manufacturers throughout the South began to copy the invention.but the unwillingness of the planters to pay for its use and the ease with which the gin could be pirated put Whitney’s company out of business by 1797. When Congress refused to renew the patent, which expired in 1807, Whitney concluded that ‘an invention can be so valuable as to be worthless to the inventor.’ He never patented his later inventions, one of which was a milling machine the other ground gravel used in road production. His genius as expressed in tools, machines, and technological ideas made the southern United States dominant in cotton production and the northern states a bastion of industry. He had one sister- Elizabeth, and two brothers- Benjamin and Josiah. In 1817 he married Henrietta Frances Edwards of Bridgeport, Connecticut. They had three daughters and one son. Eli Whitney died in 1824 of natural causes. There is a award this day which is for distinguished accomplishments in improving capability within the broad concept of orderly production. The person receiving this Award should be presently in a top management position, active personally in the development of ideas, concept of process, associated with engineering, responsible for proven concepts, with wide recognition in the area of mass production and generating greater productivity

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