Employment and labour relations act
Workplace democracy is provided for in the Labour Act (chapter 28;01) section 7. This provision makes reference to the protection of the right of employees to democracy at the workplace. The provision is mainly concerned with employees having the right to advance their interests at the workplace. The employer is obligated to honor the democratic rights of employees at the workplace and failure to this may result in legal punishment. This essay will discuss the view that workplace democracy in Zimbabwe has to a larger extent remained purely institutional instead of becoming institutionalized.
The workplace is a location where someone works for his or her employer, a place of employment. Such a place can range from a home office to a large office building or factory (World Wide Web, Wikipedia.org). Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Workplace democracy is defined as a concept which is concerned with the participation of employee representatives from all or most levels of an organization in its decision-making process and the arrangement involves sharing responsibility and authority in the workplace (Boxall, Purcell and Wright, 2007). Holtzhausen (2002) further defines workplace democracy as more than participation as it involves the realization of our standards for a democratic society. It can be deduced from the above definitions that the essential features of workplace democracy are that it gives employees or their representatives a share in the process of management. This results in equality, decision making, participation among others.
Sachikonye (1985) asserts that the existence of a Labour Court in Zimbabwe clearly shows that there are structures in place for workplace democracy in Zimbabwe because it is an appeal court for a variety of labor disputes. ILO audit carried out by Lovemore Madhuku in 2005 notes that awards and judgments by the Labour Court are not immediately enforceable as they have to be registered with the high court. The audit further notes that there are no time limits prescribed for making judgments. This has contradicted with other countries where time limits are there with the most common being 30 and 90 days as stipulated. Give an example of a court case where justice has delayed or delayed In this case justice delayed is justice denied thereby violating the principles of workplace democracy.
According to the Constitution of Zimbabwe (2013) except for members of security services every person in Zimbabwe has the right to form and join Trade Unions and employees and employer organizations of their choice and to participate in the lawful activities of those unions.