Epidemiology Of Varsity Sports Essay Research Paper

Epidemiology Of Varsity Sports Essay, Research Paper

Epidemiology of Varsity Sports

Varsity athleticss is in many schools every bit of import as faculty members, particularly

in the United States. These schools rely a great trade on the success of their

squads for fiscal stableness and enrollment involvement. The jocks as good

take their athletics really earnestly, if merely for the interest of their pride.

It hence follows that each squad strives to be the really best, and

merely 100 % attempt is adequate. Unfortunately, when competition flood tides, more frequently

than non hurts result.

This survey is a outline of the informations collected in a figure of past

articles concerned with hurts incurred by collegiate jocks in many

different varsity athleticss. For the intent of this survey, an hurt has been

defined as any unnatural status that has caused an jock to be removed from

pattern or competition for one or more yearss, because public presentation has been

impaired ( Hanes and Murray, 1982 ) .

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The undermentioned statistics will cover with

hurts of collegial athleticss incurred by jocks involved in Men & # 8217 ; s and Women & # 8217 ; s

Basketball, Baseball, Gymnastics and Track and Field, Men & # 8217 ; s Soccer, and

Wrestling, and Women & # 8217 ; s Field Hockey.

Basketball

The survey of the nature and extent of athletic hurts Happening in

Women & # 8217 ; s Basketball by Hanes and Murray in 1982 found an hurt rate of 41.7 per

100 participants. Of these hurts 56.9 % were ankle sprains, 24.1 % were musculus

strains. 76.2 % of the sprains and strains occurred to the lower appendages.

Injured fingers ( which were the lone upper appendage hurts ) accounted for

14.3 % of the hurts and 4.8 % of the hurts were reported as seventh cranial nerve.

All information for this survey was collected through the usage of hurt

signifiers completed by the managers, and information signifiers by each participant, injured or

non.

In a separate survey for the American Journal of Sports Medicine by

Clarke and Buckley in 1980 on hurts incurred in collegial Women & # 8217 ; s Basketball,

there was an hurt rate of 20.3 per 100 participants. There was a reported

incidence of 53 % sprains, and 4 % strains. 40 % of all hurts sustained were to

the lower appendages.

In the same survey Clarke and Buckley found similar consequences in Men & # 8217 ; s

Varsity Basketball to that of the Women & # 8217 ; s. The work forces reported 20.7 per 100

participants enduring hurts, 54 % of those being sprains, 6 % being strains with

37 % of the hurts Happening to the lower appendage.

All the informations collected by Clarke and Buckley was received from the

National Athletic Injury/ Illness Recording System ( NAIRS ) .

Baseball

Clark and Buckley have besides examined Men & # 8217 ; s and Women & # 8217 ; s Baseball in their

survey The reported hurt rate for this peculiar athletics was 9.2 % ( work forces & # 8217 ; s ) and

8.7 % ( adult females & # 8217 ; s ) . Sprains occurred 37 % and 40 % severally, strains accounted

for 28 % and 12 % . Men & # 8217 ; s baseball saw 69 % of the hurts in the lower appendage,

adult females & # 8217 ; s baseball reported 82 % of the hurts in the lower appendages.

FIELD HOCKEY

Women & # 8217 ; s Field hockey had a likewise low hurt rate harmonizing to Clarke

and Buckley, at merely 5.5 % . Sprains one time once more were the most common hurt,

consisting 37 % of the incidence rate, and strains made up 21 % . As might be

expected by the nature of the athletics, the lower appendages received 72 % of the

hurts.

TRACK AND FIELD

The incidence rate of the Men & # 8217 ; s and Women & # 8217 ; s Track and Field squads were

10 % and 12 % severally. Although as Clarke and Buckley found, this athletics

entirely saw different hurts come to the head. It was musculus strains that

seemed most prevailing, Happening 48 % ( work forces & # 8217 ; s ) and 26 % ( adult females & # 8217 ; s ) of the clip.

Sprains accounted for merely 18 % and 16 % of the hurts. But every bit would look

suiting the work forces were inflicted with 72 % of the hurts to the lower appendages,

and the adult females 92 % .

Wrestle

After a five-year survey of two University wrestling squads, Snook ( 1982 )

found wrestle to hold the highest incidence of hurt of all those examined

in this article, with an hurt rate of 35.7 per 100 participants. The type of

hurt was reasonably equally divided between sprains ( 31.03 % ) and strains ( 27.58 % )

as it was between hurts to the upper ( 43 % ) and lower appendages ( 55 % ) .

Soccer

As should be expected, Men & # 8217 ; s socc

Er saw a really high incidence of hurt

to the lower appendages. Harmonizing to Davis ( 1977 ) 85.02 % of all hurts

occurred to the legs and mortise joints, with sprains consisting 31.03 % and strains

consisting 27.58 % . There was an overall hurt rate of 33.21 per 100 participants

for his survey. Clarke and Buckley likewise found that 76 % of the hurts ( an

overall rate of 13.2 % ) occurred to the lower limbs, with 49 % of those being

sprains, and 12 % strains.

Gymnastics

Harmonizing to Clarke and Buckley, Women & # 8217 ; s Gymnastics followed merely

Wrestling in sum of hurts. With an incidence rate of 28.4 % , Gymnastics is

one of the most unsafe athleticss in varsity sports ( within the range of this

survey ) . 66 % of the hurts were sprains and 17 % were strains. Of the overall

hurt rate 67 % occurred to the lower appendage. In contrast, Garrick and Requa

found that sprains accounted for merely 24 % of the overall hurt rate of 39 % ,

while strains comprised 47 % . Both nevertheless, were consistent in their findings

of hurt to the lower appendage ( 67 % and 60 % severally ) .

Remark

It becomes apparent as the statistics are revealed throughout this

article that it is really hard to compare such a broad assortment of athleticss from

an epidemiological point of position.

The differences between each in the possible hurts, mechanisms of

hurt and type of athlete typically suited for any given athletics make it

inappropriate to try to pull lines of comparing between them. If one were

to look at the athlete playing for the Men & # 8217 ; s Baseball squad and an jock with

the Men & # 8217 ; s Wrestling squad, the differences in physical features entirely

would do it difficult to pull any executable decisions refering to causing,

tendencies, or even with regard to methods of rehabilitation merely because of the

drastic differences in conditioning plans, developing methods, and strength of

competition.

This statement becomes even more pertinent when 1 begins to look at

incidence rates of those hurts incurred in each athletics which have therefore far non

been mentioned in this article, such as caput, cervix and spine hurt, or

something less drastic such as articulatio genus hurts. As Snook cites in his article,

caput, cervix and spinal column hurts account for 12 % of the overall incidence rate in

wrestle. The nature of the athletics predisposes the jock to a greater hazard of

such an hurt. When this is compared to baseball, whose incidence of caput,

cervix and spine hurt histories for merely 2 % of the overall hurts it becomes

evident wherein the jobs occur. Similarly this may be farther illustrated

by comparing the incidence of articulatio genus hurts between the two ( 7 % in baseball and

25.7 % in wrestle ) .

Problems can even originate when comparing Men & # 8217 ; s and Women & # 8217 ; s squads of the

same athletics, merely because differences in physical features of work forces and

adult females. If we are to look to baseball one time once more, the incidence of articulatio genus hurts

to work forces is reported in Clarke and Buckley & # 8217 ; s article as 7 % , while articulatio genus hurts to

adult females account for 19 % . Large differences can besides be observed in the incidence

of breaks in male ( 7 % ) and female ( 25 % ) baseball participants.

On the other manus, while a survey such as this may be inappropriate for

comparing, it does let one to detect the possible jeopardies of many different

athleticss and possibly promote those take parting in such sports to develop or

better on a conditioning plan for a given athletics, in order to minimise the

hazard that any such bad luck may happen.

Bibliography

Clarke, E. & A ; Buckley, J. & # 8220 ; Women & # 8217 ; s Injuries in Collegiate Sports & # 8221 ; . American

Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 3 ( 1980 ) . pp188-93.

Davis, Michael Stewart. & # 8220 ; The Nature and Incidence of Injuries to the Lower

Extremity of College Soccer Players & # 8221 ; . Mar, 1977.

Hanes, A. & A ; Murray, C. & # 8220 ; Athletic Injuries Occuring in Women & # 8217 ; s Highschool

Basketball & # 8221 ; . Sept, 1982.

Garrick, James G. & # 8220 ; Women & # 8217 ; s Gymnastics Injuries & # 8221 ; . American Journal of Sports

Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 4 ( 1979 ) .pp. 261-64.

Snook, George A. & # 8220 ; Injuries in Intercollegiate Wrestling & # 8221 ; . American Journal of

Sports Medicine. Vol.10, No. 3 ( 1982 ) .pp. 141-43.

Snook, George A. & # 8220 ; Injuries in Women & # 8217 ; s Gymnastics & # 8221 ; . American Journal of Sports

Injuries.Vol. 7, No. 4 ( 1979 ) pp.242-45.

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