Ex-Offenders: The Struggle Outside of Prison
The Struggle Outside of Prison Offenders are constantly told and believe that if they can change, society will finally start to accept them. When ex-convicts first get out of prison they’ve paid their debt to society they. TheyVe paid their time, and the fines, yet many former criminals are now struggling with issues in the outside world. Whether it’s socially, looking for employment, housing, or even in terms of voting, they are treated with almost little to no respect and are discriminated due to their past crimes.
They can even face little to almost no support even from friends and family. This can become hard for ex-convicts to start a new chapter in their life, and can even cause them to recur past crimes. Perception can be a huge barrier block for ex-convicts, because often they are grouped together in the minds of others that they themselves are evil. Former criminals face many problems, even more than people can anticipate. In Jail, or outside of Jail they may endure many psychological problems due to the ill conditions they have experienced while behind bars.
These issues, and the struggles they face can lead them back into incarceration countless of times. lf the goal is to move offenders from riminal activity to a minimum, the proliferation of occupational restrictions serves the wrong purpose. The United States has more than 2 million inmates and is rated as number 1 in terms of having more convicts than any other nation in the world. Every year 100’s of thousands of inmates are released back into society, with those whose prison time ranging from less than a year to over 30.
Prisons come in multiple shapes and sizes which house specific categories of prisoners. Others are in compounds where all offenders are held together, irrespective of age and crime. Most felon’s that get ut of prison could be less than a year to over 30 years, and normally when they first get out they don’t expect that theyll generally come back in. However statistics show that most former convicts get rearrested after being released out of prison: 30 percent within six months, 44 percent within a year, 59 percent within two years and 67 percent by the end of three years. The study findings are based upon the prison and criminal records of an estimated 272,111 discharged prisoners in 15 states who were tracked through which they had served time and other states to which they traveled. ” (Returning into Incarceration, Crime In America) Within the past 3 years of the study, 52% of the 272, released prisoners were sent back to prison for either they had violated their parole or they have committed a new crime.
The problem with this is because upon release to their communities ex-convicts the standard approach has allowed them to fend for themselves with little or no guidance. Society stigmatizes ex-convicts, and there isn’t much they can do to change that. A lot of comments by ex-convicts say even sometimes enjoy being in prison. This is because they don’t have to worry unlike when they are in the outside world, they now how everything works, they are fed, clothed, and accepted within the prison walls by many of it’s inhabitants.
A main issue with ex-convicts being released from jail is returning home after years of being gone. An example of this is Rudy Hardon who after his release of being in 12 years in prison says “It’s still weird coming back here. ” Growing up Rudy Hardon was Just like any other boy who roughed housed with his friends, and even sang in the Boys Choir of Harlem. In years turn, his passion for choir soon became replaced with gunplay and fist fights, most of his unlucky friends ended up dead. Most of his others that were soon alive ended up in prison or on the streets. Returning Home to Dim Prospects, Trymaine Lee) Rudy Hardon like any other ex- convict hopes to redeem himself by being able to receive a second chance. However, like many other convicts they mostly come upon social consequences and stereotypes based on their former crime. Family and friends may seem a bit awkward when asking for help after being away for so long, or when presented that they are out of prison are sometimes even unwelcoming leaving them with no connects, and nowhere to go. People change, as well as the relationships etween the ex-convict and their loved ones.
However most ex-convicts are even urged to stay away from former friends if they are deemed as a bad influence, such as past gangs they were affiliated with. This makes it difficult for ex-convicts especially in terms of social status, for they can become quite lonesome without anyone there to help or support them. Without nothing for them to do it is extremely difficult for them to try not to repeat previous crimes, or start new ones. “l wanted to leave everything else in the past,” says Ruben Holden said. “l wanted to move forward.
Yet moving forward would mean steering clear of his old crew and avoiding a long list of enemies that he made in the streets and in prison neither of which would be easy in a place like East Harlem, where violence is commonplace and old friends remain linked and loyal toa fault. (Returning Home to the Dim Prospects, Trymaine Lee) With little or no support from family and friends, the first thing convicts try to do is very low even by standard, and unemployment rates for the ex-convicts can be as high as 80 percent. Most ex-convicts have been shown to have limited education, cognitive skills, and work experience.
Many inmates even have grade school reading levels. Education is needed to qualify for the better Jobs out there, and drug treatment is needed for inmates who need it, yet most are unable to gain professional licenses and certifications. For example some states such as Texas has an Administrative Code, licensing authorities can disqualify a person if he or she has been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor. There are 171 classifications of occupations that require licenses that ex-convicts cannot acquire, ranging from accountant to truckdriver to plumber. Ex-convicts work, Beth Brown) If that doesnt ffect them, the nature of the crime normally does. Many employers stereotype or brand the ex-convict with a group of individuals in mind, thinking that they might commit the crime at work or that they will be a liability. They are often very harsh in terms of Judgement of the ex-convicts upon hearing they have faced incarceration or have been guilty of a felony. “After finishing his first sentence in 2002, Rivera an ex- convict of 12 years in Jail struggled to find an employer willing to hire someone with a record.
He was unemployed for a year and a half, looking for Jobs through mployment agencies two to three times a week. He turned in about 20 applications for custodial, warehouse and stockroom work and got three interviews but was unable to get a Job paying a living wage. “lt’s a long road for others to gain their trust, and be understanding. It’s what other ex-convicts hope for, however it’s not as easy or as forgiving as theyd hope it’d be. It could take months or even years for ex-convicts without professional help to find Jobs.