Exam Note

12 December 2017

Which Instrument responds more rapidly to the player’s touch? The 1 8th-c. Plano 3. An extended range of available notes (seven-and-a-quarter octaves, instead of just five) is a feature of the modern piano 4. If the relationship between two (or more) musical tones is simple and stable, we call the combination consonant 5. When composers combine tones successively, we call the resulting series a melody 6.

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By the late 18th century, the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was best characterized as a motley assortment of literally hundreds of small, mostly Impotent itty-states (“Sultanate”) 7. In the context of Beethoven’s Europe, the term “Elector” referred to a ruler within the Holy Roman Empire, sharing the authority to empower the next Emperor 8. In political contexts, the sass (a. K. A. The 17th century) is often referred to as the Age of Absolutism 9. When Beethoven was born, there was no such country as “Germany”; instead, Bonn represented just one city- state within the Holy Roman Empire 10.

A recurring pattern of beats (e. G. , strong, weak, weak, strong, weak, weak) Is called a meter 11. A texture in which all voice mutually echo a consistent theme is called imitative polyphony. 12. In the musical domain, C. G. Neff introduced the young Beethoven to the works of J. S. Bach 13. Our protagonist’s only important composition teacher in Bonn was Christian Gotten Neff, a Saxon composer, organist, and conductor 14. Our protagonist’s father was Johann van Beethoven, a court tenor and music teacher of moderate talent, whose alcoholism hobbled his career 15. The late-18th-c.

German literary movement that stressed natural feeling and exuberant originality (in opposition to neoclassical formalism) was called Strum undo Drank (“storm and stress”) 16. Emmanuel Kant, Frederica Schaller, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe were all important fugues in the intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment 17. According to Lockwood, C. G. Neff “earned his place in history” by Introducing the young Beethoven to the music of Johann Sebastian Bach 18. The specific reason that Beethoven left Bonn In 1792 was so that he could study composition with Haydn In Vienna 19.

A phrase ending that sounds complete Is called a full cadence/authentic cadence 20. In sonata-allegro form, the part of the piece featuring the themes in fragmented or transformed versions is the development section. 21 . During the Age of Absolutism, the characteristic form of government In European lands was an absolute monarchy 22. In the Age of Absolutism, the Justification for monarchic rule In Europe was a doctrine known as the Delve Right of Kings 23. A soundboard with the grain running parallel to all the strings (thus producing a clear, focused, balanced sound) is characteristic of the 18th-c. IANA 24. Beethoven’s principal patron at Bonn was the Elector Max Franz 25. Which of the following were important fugues in the German Enlightenment? [be sure to check all that apply] a. The poet and dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe f. He philosopher Emmanuel Kant g. The poet Frederica Schaller Child prodigy along the lines of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 27. Our protagonist’s grandfather was Ludwig van Beethoven, a successful bass singer and Experimentalist at the electoral court in Bonn 28. Which tempo indication below is fastest? Presto 29.

Keys that share only a few common tones (and chords, if any) are said to be distantly related 30. In a sonata-allegro form, the piece modulates from other keys back to the home key during the development/retransmission section. 31 . All of the following terms except one refer to the same period. Which term doesn’t fit? The 32. A monarchy with all power concentrated in the monarch, at the expense of the nobility and the Church, was the political system most characteristic of the Age of Absolutism 33. A musical texture of simple, clear, balanced homophony is characteristic of music from which era?

Classical 34. A musical texture of polyphony that emphasizes a florid melody and bass (with simple filler in between) is characteristic of music from the Baroque era. 35. The Nor musicians use to summarize how a piece of music changes from beginning to end is form 36. An established collection of chords, all centering on the tonic chord, is called a key/ tonality 37. If the relationship between two (or more) musical tones is complex and unstable, we call the combination dissonant 38. When composers combine musical three or more musical tones simultaneously, we call the combination a harmony 39.

The most complex formal template of the Classical era, establishing a dramatic tension between contrasting themes and contrasting key areas, is called sonata-allegro/ sonata form. 40. A simple two-part form, in which the first half moves from the home key to another key, and the second half moves from the other key back to the home key, is called binary form. 41. In political contexts, the sass (a. K. . The 18th century) are often referred to as the Age of Reason/Enlightenment, thanks to new ideas that emphasized rational government and personal liberty (even though, in practice, most governments were still authoritarian monarchies). 2. Which of the following is NOT a component of sonata-allegro form? B. Ground bass (varying the melody over a repeating bass line) 43. A simple two-part form, in which the first half moves from the home key to another key, and the second half moves from the other key back to the home key, is called binary form 44. Which of the following is a feature of the 18th-c. Piano, rather than a modern one? Clearer, more focused sound, with better balance of meme across the keyboard 45. Which instrument offers greater precision and clarity?

The 18th-c. Piano 46. A musical texture combining many, contrasting musical lines with contrasting rhythms, characterized by an overall mutual independence, is called polyphony/ counterpoint 47. In the literary domain, C. G. Neff likely introduced Beethoven to the literary movement known as Strum undo Drank, that emphasized natural feeling and exuberant originality (in opposition to neoclassical formalism and balance). 48. En discussing musical texture, even in instrumental music, we refer to the impotent musical lines as voices 49.

A fairly simple form which alternates a recurring theme (always in the home key) with contrasting material (always in other the 18th-c. Piano? A large, heavy, cast-iron frame 51 . In the late 18th century, Bonn enjoyed political importance disproportionate to its small size because it was the longtime seat of the Archbishop of Cologne (KГ¶Len), an Imperial Elector 52. The most intense fragmentation of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation took place during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) 53. A musical texture of polyphony in which all voices participate equally is characteristic f music of which era?

Renaissance 54. A phrase ending that sounds incomplete is called a half cadence 55. Dovecote’s famous Hellishness’s Testament is addressed to his brothers 56. The private letter in which Beethoven confesses his deafness, relates how he contemplated suicide, and explains how he chose to continue living and, above all, composing, is known as the “Hellishness’s Testament. ” 57. Beethoven’s wrote his Hellishness’s Testament in response to the crisis brought on by his deteriorating sense of hearing 58. Beethoven expressed unlimited praise and affection for Haydn only after the older composer’s death in 1809 59.

Beethoven found it difficult to credit generously his composition teacher(s) (check all that apply) b. Antonio Saltier Franz Joseph Haydn d. Johann George Elaborateness’s 60. Beethoven’s relationship with Joseph Haydn was characterized by [check all that apply] a. Strong differences in social, political, and intellectual outlook b. Artistic reverence for Heyday’s mastery of music ruffed feelings as Haydn criticized Beethoven’s music, and the latter interpreted this as a sign of Jealousy 61 . Xix. MPH/xix. MPH Specify this selection’s title piano sonata in C# minor / piano sonata in c# TTS opus or WOO number pop. , no. 2 its nickname “quasi nun fantasia” (“Moonlight”) and indicate which movement Ill. Presto agitator I. Adagio stouten 62. The onset of Beethoven’s deafness led him to an important change in his Morning methods: instead of working out his ideas on loose sketch leaves/bundles of leaves, he wrote them in whole sketchbooks/bound sketchbooks/gathered sketchbooks. 63. Beethoven’s decision “to embark on a new path” led to his Innovative compositions of 1798 to 1802, which close the large phase of development known as Beethoven’s “first maturity” (or “first style period”) 64.

Beethoven’s 1802 mark about his intention “to embark on a new path” refers too change in his approach to musical form, and in ways of shaping musical content that generate formal innovation 65. The characteristic Classical accompaniment texture consists of a series of arpeggios that project a regular rhythmic pulse; this technique is known as Alberta bass 66. A characteristic phrase structure in the Classical style comprises an initial antecedent phrase ending on a half-cadence, followed by consequent phrase ending on a full cadence. 7. In the Classical period, composers acquired the ability to move instantaneously to distant keys, via the quince of chromatic modulation 68. The specific reason that Beethoven left ann. in 1792 was so that he could study composition with Haydn in Vienna 69. In a thieving would “receive Mozart spirit from Heyday’s hands. ” 70. Older composers who influenced Beethoven’s first keyboard sonatas include [Be sure to Check all that apply] Franz Joseph Haydn Ian Ladies Dusked Mezzo Clementine Knolling Amadeus Mozart 71 .

What could composers such as Beethoven expect to derive from any publication, in an era of little or no control over authors’ rights, before copyright laws existed? A one-time payment 72. Wall . MPH/bib. MPH Specify this selection’s title piano sonata in C minor/piano sonata in c its opus or WOO number pop. 13 TTS nickname “Pathtoque”/”Pathetic” and indicate which movement l. Grave; Allegro did molt e con brio Adagio cantabile Ill. Rondo: Allegro 73. According to Lockwood, the first movement of Beethoven’s “Pathtoque” sonata amazed contemporaries, with a storm of excitement not previously heard in any piano sonata 74.

We can accurately gauge Beethoven’s pace of development in his early music, because he revised or adapted many of his Bonn works for publication in Vienna 75. In Beethoven’s time, the standard method of printing music was by hand engraving/ engraving, in which specialists using sharp implements and punches would incise all details of the music (and the text, if there was one) on copper plates. 76. The first movement of Beethoven’s sonata “quasi nun fantasia” in minor, pop. 27, no. 2, carries the instruction quests Pepco sis dive theatre cola pi; grand delicate (“this piece should be performed with the greatest possible delicacy”) 77.

The main impact of Beethoven’s deafness was that it led to social Isolation, as he found it impossible to admit his deafness to strangers (and enemies) 8. Beethoven’s wrote his Hellishness’s Testament in response to the crisis brought on by his deteriorating sense of hearing 79. Beethoven dedicated his “Moonlight” sonata to one of his pupils, the 17-year-old Giggliest Guardian 80. When Beethoven arrived in Vienna in 1792, the core of the aristocratic patronage network that sponsored music was the imperial court 81 . In Vienna, Beethoven studied counterpoint with [check all that apply] b. Johann Scheme f.

Johann George Elaborateness’s g. Franz Joseph Haydn 82. During Beethoven’s early period in Vienna, his principal patron was Prince Karl Alcoholics 83. The phrase “This passage has been stolen from Mozart” represents frank assessment by Beethoven himself 84. From a letter to his old friend Engineer, we know that during Beethoven’s crisis of oncoming deafness, he wrote three or four works at a time 85. The phrase “quasi nun fantasia” means “in the manner of an improvisation” 86. Which of the following most accurately characterizes the relation between private patronage and public concerts when thieving arrived in Vienna in 1792? Riveter patronage had fallen into decline; public concerts were beginning to supplant private concerts in importance 87. Time [check all that apply] a. Enabled Beethoven to manage his output more effectively b. Enabled Beethoven to concentrate more systematically on large-scale and small- scale planning c. Accelerated Beethoven’s productivity f. Enabled Beethoven’s increasing ability to plan and realize larger compositions 88. Inch of the following most accurately characterizes Beethoven’s strategy of publication?

To make money and reach wider audiences, he indiscriminately published both significant works (with opus numbers) and trifling ones (“Worker none Opus” = WOO). 89. According to Lockwood, Beethoven’s first piano sonatas were original in content and unorthodox in plan 90. Beethoven became dissatisfied with Heyday’s teaching and sought help from another teacher, Johann Scheme, on the specific subject of counterpoint 91 . What event brought on the political repressions in Vienna during the early sass? The French Revolution, culminating in the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette 92.

The dominating affect (or mood) of Dovecote’s piano sonata in C minor, pop. 13, is pathos (an appeal to the listener’s sympathies and imagination) 93. By Beethoven’s own account, his deafness affected him least when playing and composing; his piano playing improved, and he often rote three or four works at a time 94. Beethoven’s relationships with his aristocratic patrons were characterized by [check all that apply]: a. Resentment that they enjoyed (by accident of birth) privileges that he truly deserved (by his artistic achievements) c. Burning ambition to succeed in their eyes d. Fierce, surly independence 95.

During Beethoven’s first years in Vienna, the political atmosphere in Austria was best characterized as a repressive police state, with curtailed freedom of the press 36. The name “Pathtoque” derives from the word pathos as a term in rhetoric (the sonata uses musical equivalents of rhetorical gestures) 97. With the publication of is Pop. 1 and 2 (three piano trios and three piano sonatas), Beethoven was [Be sure to check all that apply] advertising his compositional skills (initiated in Bonn, and developed by two years of study in Vienna) capitalizing on his reputation as a performer 98.

One psychological puzzle within Beethoven’s Hellishness’s Testament is his extreme reluctance to identify his youngest brother (Nikolas Johann) by name 99. Inheres a typical Classical piano sonata comprises only three movements, a typical Classical symphony or string quartet adds another internal movement in triple meter, called either a “minuet” or “monument. 100. Aziza. MPH ISBN. MPH ISBN. MPH kid. MPH Specify this selection’s title = symphony no. 2 in D major, its opus or WOO number = pop. 36 (be sure to type “pop. ” or “WOO” as appropriate), its nickname = n/a (if it has none, Just type “n/a”), and indicate which movement = l.

Adagio molt – Allegro con brio II. Lorgnette Ill. Scherzo: Allegro ‘V. Allegro molt studying vocal composition and the setting of Italian texts to music (a prerequisite for writing opera) 102. Which of the following most accurately characterizes Dovecote’s strategy of publication? To make money and reach wider audiences, he discriminate published both significant works (with opus numbers) and trifling ones (“Worker none Opus” = WOO). 103. The phrase “This passage has been stolen from Mozart” represents a frank assessment by Beethoven himself 104.

The view that music constituted “an innocent luxury,” “the art of pleasing,” and is best summarized by phrases such as “sweetness of melody,” “richness of harmony,” and ‘charm of refined tones” represents the dominant aesthetic of which period? The Classical era 105. The qualities that distinguish Beethoven’s works from those of his contemporaries include a. A wide range of character in his finales lancing longer and highly developed first movements with varied later movements d. Starting with terse, seemingly unpromising materials, which he then develops into larger themes and paragraphs f. Low movements that move listeners to introspection through memorable melody 106. Bible . MPH cyclic . MPH Specify this selection’s title = string quartet in F major, its opus or WOO number = pop. 18, no. 1 (be sure to type “pop. ” or “WOO” as appropriate), its nickname = n/a (if it has and indicate which movement = II. Adagio foodstuffs deed passionate Ill. Scherzo: Allegro molt 107. Yes. Earn did. MPH pop. 18, no. (be sure to type “pop. ” or “WOO” as appropriate), its nickname = n/a (if it has none, Just type “n/a”), and indicate which movement = Ill. Scherzo: Allegro molt ‘V. Allegro 108.

The years 1793-1794, during which at least 16,000 people (and perhaps as many as 40,000) were killed in French political executions, is known as the Reign of Terror 109. The modern practice of singing a national anthem before sporting events (and in some countries, before a theatrical performance) dates back to a observationally government decree that “La Marseilles” was to be sung before every performance in theaters all over France 110. According to Lockwood, the string quartet’s homogeneous blend of instrumental sounds gave it the widest range and quality of all of the above 111.

The slow movement of Beethoven’s string quartet pop. 18, no. 1 is associated with the tomb scene from Shakespearean Romeo and Juliet, because of remarks that the composer wrote in his sketches, near the end of the movement. 112. The reason a second minuet came to be called a “trio” is that lean-Baptists Lully would score it for Just three woodwind instruments (two oboes and a bassoon), to contrast with the sound of the first minuet (scored for the full orchestra) 113. The Italian word tempo simply refers to the music’s speed 114. He genre of the string quartet was essentially created simplemindedly in the sass by Joseph Haydn 115. A musical texture off melodic line with simple homophony 116. The contemporary critical reaction to Beethoven’s works as a composer [N.B.: not his piano playing] included characterizations such as b. “Enormously difficult without there being some exceptional beauty to compensate for it” d. “All too bizarre, wild, and ugly” 2. “Incomprehensible, abrupt, and dark” 117.

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