Figure of Speech
He was not unfamiliar with the work of Shakespeare. Einstein is not a bad mathematician. 6. Understatement is the representation of something as significantly less than it ctually is; where a polite phrase is used in place of a harsher or more offensive expression. That was some sprinkle. ” (in reference to the heavy rain which fell an hour before) “l have to have this operation. It isn’t very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain. ” 7. Euphemism is the substitution of a cultured or less offensive term for a harsh one. A euphemism is the use of neutral language to remark something that may be offensive to the receiver. Euphemism is often used by people who are diplomatic, and who wish to be politically correct. We have to let you go. Read: You’re fired. You’re well fed. Read: You’re fat. 8.
Antithesis is a direct contrast in which two sets if fgures are set in opposition to one another; defined as an opposition or contradiction between two concepts in a statement.
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It rained all night the day I left, the weather it was dry, The sun so hot, I froze to death… You’re easy on the eyes, hard on the heart… 9. Paradox is a contradictory statement which may appear false, but is in fact true. War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. 10. Oxymoron uses a contradictory adjective to define an object, situation or event. Loners’ club.
A stripper’s dressing room. 1 1 . Anaphora is repetition of the same word or words at the beginning or successive clauses, verses, or sentences, “He came as conqueror. He came as ally. He came as a stranger. He came as brother. ” Water, water, every where, Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink. 12. Alliteration refers to the repetition of a consonant sound, at least three times in a sentence. It is often used as a figure of speech in poetry, and even advertisements use alliteration in their tag lines to make the ads more memorable.
Don’t delay dawns disarming display. Dusk demands daylight. Sara’s seven sisters slept soundly in sand. 13. Assonance is repetition of vowel sounds, most commonly within a short passage of verse. Known narcissists, sipping on arsenic, Carved carcasses in the garage, dont park in it, Hard as finding retarded kids at Harvard, It’s Wolf Gang barking keep you up like car alarms. The silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain. 14. Onomatopoeia is used to imitate the sounds made by certain objects or actions. The clatter of utensils. The flutter of birds. 15.
Puns refer to the deliberate substitution of similar sounding words to create a humorous effect. I bet the butcher the other day that he couldn’t reach the meat that was on the top shelf. He refused to take the bet, saying that the steaks were too high. Santa’s helpers are subordinate Clauses. 16. Metonymy refers to the use of a phrase regarding an associated concept, in order to describe the actual concept. The editorial page has always believed… – This refers to the belief of the editors who write the editorial page. He writes a fine hand. – It means he has good handwriting. 17.
Personification refers to the art of bringing to life an inanimate object, trait, or The picture in that magazine screamed for attention. The carved pumpkin smiled at me. 18. Allusion is casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event. .. a turn of phrase even Shakespeare would appreciate. ” 19. Apostrophe is a direct address of an absent or dead person or personified thing. “God help me! ” “Ambition, you’re a cruel master! ” 20. Synecdoche is using a part for the whole or the whole for a part “The pen is mightier than the sword” They live together in one roof.