Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis: From Dependence to Independence Essay Sample

8 August 2017

As worlds. we are dependent animals. We are dependent on things like our environment. our fiscal state of affairs. and our societal position. In short. we are dependent on one degree or another. Therefore. when our milieus alteration. in our dependence. we must alter every bit good. We are forced to germinate and to accommodate to our new milieus. We must larn to populate with our new conditions. In Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis. the transmutation of Gregor Samsa leads to the transmutation of the remainder of his household. They are dependent upon Gregor and when he changes. they are forced to alter every bit good. There was ever an antithetical relationship between Gregor and the remainder of his household. Therefore there are two metabolisms in Kafka’s narrative: when Gregor functioned as a human. the remainder of the household is dysfunctional ; when Gregor. due to his metabolism. became progressively dysfunctional. the remainder of the household began to map and flourish.

We will write a custom essay sample on
Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis: From Dependence to Independence Essay Sample
or any similar topic specifically for you
Do Not Waste
Your Time

Only $13.90 / page

Almost instantly after Gregor’s transmutation we begin to observe his dysfunctional behaviour. He wakes up an insect and alternatively of concentrating on the job that being an insect nowadayss. he is worried about acquiring out of bed and traveling to work.

“No affair how hard he threw himself onto his right side. he ever rolled onto his dorsum once more. He must hold tried it a 100 times. shuting his eyes so that he would non hold to see the writhing legs. and gave up merely when he began to experience a visible radiation. dull hurting in his side which he had ne’er felt before. “O God. ” he thought. “what a demanding occupation I’ve chosen! ” This shows the reader instantly that there is something really incorrect with Gregor. Sing his current status of being an insect. it is hard to understand how his day-to-day duties could be the first thing on his head. This is the first measure towards his dysfunctional province.

However. anterior to his transmutation. Gregor is really functional. interim. his household is non. Possibly this is because Gregor’s ability to work depends on his ability to work. Before he transforms. being in full capableness to work. his efficiency is at its best. His family’s quandary of paying off debts motivates him to work hard to convey money place and to fulfill his household. “And so he had set to work with unusual ardour and about nightlong had become a going salesman alternatively of a small clerk. with of class much greater opportunities of gaining money. and his success was instantly transformed into difficult hard currency which he could put on the tabular array before his astonied and happy household. ” Gregor’s ability to keep his household gives him control over them. therefore doing him the merely 1 serviceable. while they are forced to depend on him: “…although subsequently on Gregor had earned so much money that he was able to run into the disbursals of the whole family and did so…the money was appreciatively accepted and lief given…” Gregor’s map is dependent on their dependance.

Yet. what truly makes Gregor purposeful is his family’s disfunction. While his household is incapable of keeping themselves and while they are reliant on his income. Gregor can maintain his place of control over the household issues and maintain his ability to map he improves where they deteriorate and he strengthens where they weaken. “…he [ Gregor’s male parent ] had done no work for the past five old ages and could non be expected to exercise himself ; during these five old ages. the first old ages of leisure in his arduous though unsuccessful life. he had put on a batch of weight and go sulky. And Gregor’s old female parent. how was she to gain a life with her asthma. which troubled her even when she walked through the flat and kept her prevarication on a couch every other twenty-four hours puffing for breath beside an unfastened window? And was his sister to gain her staff of life. she who was still a kid of seventeen… ? ” It is Gregor’s yearss as a commercial salesman that are his yearss of intent. Once Gregor transforms he is unable to work. therefore unable to run into his family’s demands. As a consequence. he loses his family’s dependence. Everything that one time made Gregor functional is lost.

His household. in effect. is forced to alter and go independent from him. In Gregor’s disfunction is born his family’s map. No longer the beginning of his family’s income. he can non be in control. The household begins to accommodate to their new fortunes and begins to work without him. This is seen when Gregor’s father begins to demo his stairss of traveling frontward. “…Gregor’s male parent explained the family’s fiscal place and chances to both his female parent and his sister…his male parent tended to reiterate himself in his explanations…because it was a long clip since he had dealt with such matters…” This shows the waking up of Gregor’s family’s productivity. While Gregor was the beginning of trust for the household. they were excessively dysfunctional to look after themselves and excessively dysfunctional to look for other fiscal solutions. Now. without Gregor. they are obligated to seek out any signifier of economic assistance or endorse up. They begin to recognize that even with the capital leftovers from the father’s concern failure they must still work to gain money for their day-to-day demands. The alterations that occur in Gregor’s household begins to convey them up. while he is pulled down in his insect signifier.

“…Gregor realized that the deficiency of all direct human communicating for the past two months together with the humdrum of household life must hold confused his mind…He had so been near to the threshold of forgetfulness…” His impairment of human qualities. such as memory. marks the important spiral of disfunction that he starts traveling through. On the other manus. his household builds a way of productiveness which leads them to going efficient. The most noteworthy alterations are seen in Gregor’s male parent. the 1 who was most dysfunctional prior to Gregor’s metabolism. “Now he was standing at that place straight as a stick. dressed in a smart blue uniform with gilded buttons. such as bank attenders wear ; his strong dual mentum bulged over the stiff high neckband of his jacket ; from under his bushy eyebrows his black eyes darted fresh and acute glimpses ; his once tangled white hair had been combed level on either side of a polishing and carefully exact parting…” The lazy. freeloading male parent. who spent his yearss lying on the couch. now works in a normality that was ne’er seen during Gregor’s yearss of map.

Now it is Gregor who is dependent on his household. Gregor’s dependence is seen when his male parent onslaughts him by throwing apples at him. After holding landed an apple into Gregor’s back. which so sinks in. he’s left with the harm. “The serious hurt done to Gregor. which disabled him for more than a month – the apple remained stuck in his organic structure as a seeable reminder. since no 1 dared to take it…” Since no 1 is willing to take out the apple from his dorsum. he must stay with the hurt. Like so many other things. such as nutrient. infinite. and acknowledgement. Gregor is dependent on them for basic necessities. This adds to his disfunction. His household. nevertheless. begins to boom with his impairment and his weakening. “…his mother…stitched at all right run uping for an under ware house ; his sister…had taken a occupation as a gross revenues girl…learning stenography and French…on the opportunity of breaking herself. ” In their procedure of going functional they begin to put Gregor aside more and more: “Who could happen clip in this overworked and tired-out household to trouble oneself about Gregor more than was perfectly necessary? ” Gregor grows weaker during the procedure of his family’s reformation.

He becomes frail. “eating barely anything. Merely when he happened to the nutrient laid out for him did he take a spot of something in his oral cavity as a pastime…usually spat out once more. ” Even in his dysfunctional province. Gregor dreams of traveling to work once more and taking charge: “He was frequently haunted by the thought that the following clip the door opened he would take the family’s personal businesss in manus once more merely as he used to do…” Finally. when does Gregor dice. we see that his family’s development of map is complete. In fact. Gregor’s household grows more practical than Gregor of all time was merely because they are no longer dependent on anything. Unlike Gregor’s paranoiac behaviour of holding to travel to work. Gregor’s household is functional plenty to inquire for yearss off to travel out to the state. “They decided to pass this twenty-four hours in resting and traveling for a amble ; they had non merely deserved such a reprieve from work. but perfectly needed it. And so they sat down at the tabular array and wrote three notes of alibi. Mr. Samsa to his board of direction. Mrs. Samsa to her employer. and Grete to the caput of her house. ” The Samsa household is more functional than Gregor of all time was because they do non depend on anything besides themselves to be productive and to acquire what they want. Gregor’s

disfunction is no longer needed to actuate them to be efficient. They are now reliant merely upon themselves. Gregor’s metabolism becomes his family’s metabolism. Ultimately. what is seen in Kafka’s Metamorphosis is the opposing relationship between Gregor and his household. When Gregor maps as a homo. his household does non. When Gregor can non finish his responsibilities. his household becomes functional as worlds. However. the most interesting relationship in this narrative is how dependence plays a function in both Gregor and his family’s ability to map. Gregor is ever dependent on his household one manner or another and that is why his household is able to excel his ability to map. When Gregor maps at his best. he is dependent on his family’s disfunction in order to be in control of the household affairs.

When Gregor becomes dysfunctional. he remains dependent on them but for his ain endurance. When his household is dysfunctional. they are dependent on him for income. But when Gregor’s household becomes functional. they are merely dependent on a dysfunctional Gregor to force them to go farther functional. After Gregor dies. his household is practical plenty to non depend on Gregor at all in any sense. They are independent and to the full efficient. In contrast. Gregor was ever in demand of his household and was ne’er able to work wholly as a human. Gregor’s metabolism is dysfunctional dependance. His family’s metabolism is functional independency. Gregor’s metabolism was his transmutation and his transmutation was his family’s metabolism.

How to cite this essay

Choose cite format:
Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis: From Dependence to Independence Essay Sample. (2017, Aug 05). Retrieved April 23, 2019, from
A limited
time offer!
Get authentic custom
ESSAY SAMPLEwritten strictly according
to your requirements