Gather Togeher In Maya
& # 8217 ; s Name Essay, Research Paper
& # 8220 ; A babe & # 8217 ; s love for his female parent is likely the sweetest emotion we can savor. & # 8221 ;
( Angelou )
By systematically weaving the subject of maternity into her literature, Maya
Angelou creates both personal narrations and poems that the reader can associate to.
Her geographic expedition of this cosmopolitan subject lends itself to a really big and diverse
audience. Throughout Angelou & # 8217 ; s plants, she allows her followings to witness her
metabolism through different facets of maternity.
Well-worked subjects are ever present in Angelou & # 8217 ; s works- self-
credence, race, work forces, work, separation, gender, and maternity. However,
Angelou uses the latter to supply & # 8220 ; literary integrity & # 8221 ; ( Lupton 7-8 ) .
Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Annie Johnson on April 4, 1928, to
Vivian Baxter and Bailey Johnson. After three old ages her parents divorced, and
both Maya and her older brother Bailey, were sent to Stamps, Arkansas. Once in
Stamps, the kids were cared for by their paternal grandma, Mrs. Annie
Henderson ( Neubauer 21 ) .
In her first book, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, Angelou tells the narrative
of her childhood. She besides makes the reader keenly cognizant of her close connexion
with her grandma. Stephen Butterfield says of Caged Bird ( in his Black
Autobiography in America, 1974 ) : & # 8220 ; Continuity is achieved by the contact of
female parent and kid, the sense of life engendering life that happens automatically in malice
of all confusion- possibly besides because of it. & # 8221 ;
Annie Henderson is a Devout, independent adult female whose house manus
leads Maya throughout many unsmooth musca volitanss in her childhood. It is through Mrs.
Henderson & # 8217 ; s values of self-government and personal self-respect that Maya & # 8217 ; s thought that
she is & # 8220 ; shit colour & # 8221 ; easy fades off ( Vermillion 33 ) .
Maya fails to see her grandma & # 8217 ; s negative traits. She sees merely a adult female
that many people, both white and black, regard. The general shop that Annie
owns is the centre of activity in Stamps. This centralisation of the shop has a
direct correlativity to the manner Annie is the moral centre of Maya & # 8217 ; s childhood household
( Lupton 8-9 ) .
After ten old ages of life with Momma Henderson, Maya and Bailey are sent
to fall in their female parent in St. Louis. By the clip the kids are in their teens, they
hold covered the western part of the United States, going between their
parents & # 8217 ; separate places and Momma Henderson & # 8217 ; s in Arkansas. Each move greets
them with a different set of relations or another of their parents & # 8217 ; lovers.
The convulsion that Maya undergoes causes her to oppugn many facets of
herself. As a immature adult female she begins to doubt her sexual penchant and engages
in a erstwhile sexual brush to turn out her gender. After this experience, Maya
discoveries herself pregnant. Angelou ends her first book with the birth of her boy, Guy.
This happening lends itself to a note of rousing that carries through Maya & # 8217 ; s
following book, Gather Together In My Name.
Between the decision of Caged Bird and the beginning of Gather
Together, there is practically no interruption in the narrative. The former terminals with
Guy & # 8217 ; s birth and the latter when he is merely a few months old. In its entirety, Gather
Together tells the narrative of Guy & # 8217 ; s first three old ages and of Maya & # 8217 ; s battle as a immature,
individual female parent who is fighting & # 8220 ; to accomplish regard, love, and a sense of self-
worth. & # 8221 ; ( Neubauer 22-23 ) . One of her chief motivations during these early old ages is to
trim her boy the insecurity and rejection that Maya faced as a immature kid.
However, Maya & # 8217 ;
s professional calling is besides developing during this clip. Angelou
concerns about her duty to care for her immature boy and to supply a stable
environment for him ( Lupton 24-25 ) .
In her 3rd book, Singin & # 8217 ; and Swingin & # 8217 ; and Gettin & # 8217 ; Merry Like Christmas,
Maya discusses her feelings of apprehensiveness and guilt stemming from her go forthing
Guy to foster her calling. Despite her internal struggles, Angelou accepts a function as
Ruby in Porgy and Bess. After taking on this function, Angelou places Guy in the attention
of her female parent. Maya is cognizant of how her actions mirror those of her ain female parent
when she was immature ( Lupton 10 ) .
While executing with the theatre group, Maya travels throughout Europe,
the Middle East, and North Africa. While in Rome, she must cut short her
battle because Guy is enduring from her extended leave. She learns that her
boy has developed a terrible and apparently untreatable roseola in her absence. After
returning to San Francisco, Guy recovers, and together they reach a new degree of
trust and mutuality. Simultaneously the two realize that their separation is
now over for good ( Neubauer 25 ) .
With a promise that recalls the last lines of Gather Together, Angelou
vows to Guy: & # 8220 ; I swear to you, I & # 8217 ; ll ne’er leave you once more. If I go, you & # 8217 ; ll travel with me
or I won & # 8217 ; t travel & # 8221 ; ( Lupton 14 ) . Singin & # 8217 ; and Swingin & # 8217 ; stopping points in a sentence that stresses,
through its three nouns, the underlying subjects of the book: & # 8220 ; Although I was non a
great vocalist, I was his female parent, and he was my fantastic, dependently independent
son. & # 8221 ; This sentence non merely works to shut Angelou & # 8217 ; s first three books, but besides
puts to rest Maya & # 8217 ; s feelings of diffidence and insecurities about maternity
( Lupton 14 ) .
From the clip Maya was an baby, she had experienced many events which
distorted her position on maternity and the function of a & # 8220 ; mother. & # 8221 ; This skewed
perceptual experience created many struggles throughout much of her life. However, by her
changeless growth and evolving, Maya was able to get the better of her altered positions and
go a loving and devoted female parent, girl, and granddaughter.
Gather Together in Maya & # 8217 ; s Name
II. Background Information
III. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
A. Mrs. Annie Henderson in Stamps
B. Move with Vivian Baxter in San Francisco
C. Maya & # 8217 ; s gestation
IV. Gather Together In My Name
A. Subject of book
B. Maya & # 8217 ; s calling and the consequences
V. Singin & # 8217 ; and Swingin & # 8217 ; and Gettin & # 8217 ; Merry Like Christmas
A. Role in Porgy and Bess
B. Absence from Guy while on circuit
C. Relationship closing
Angelou, Maya. Gather Together In My Name. New York: Random House,
Angelou, Maya. I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings. New York: Random House,
Angelou, Maya. Singin & # 8217 ; and Swingin & # 8217 ; and Gettin & # 8217 ; Merry Like Christmas. New
York: Random House, 1976.
Lupton, Mary Jane. & # 8220 ; Singing the Black Mother: Maya Angelou and
Autobiographical Continuity. & # 8221 ; Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol 77.
Detroit, MI: Gale Research Inc. , 1993.
Neubauer, Carol E. & # 8220 ; Maya Angelou: Self and A Song of Freedom in the Southern
Tradition. & # 8221 ; Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol 77. Detroit, MI: Gale
Research Inc. , 1993.
Vermillion, Mary. & # 8220 ; Reembodying the Self: Representations of Rape in `Incidents
in the Life of a Slave Girl & # 8217 ; and `I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. & # 8221 ;
Contemporary Literary Criticism. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Inc. , 1993.