Gender socialization

7 July 2016

Gender socialization accounts for many of the differences in male and female behavior and therefore biological characteristics do not account for the differences among the two. It can be argued both ways upon this statement that was given. Through the many views of sociologists and social thinkers we can critically access the statement and come to some sort of decision about it. Society expects different attitudes and behaviors from boys and girls. Gender socialization is the tendency for boys and girls to be socialized differently.

Boys are raised to conform to the male gender role, and girls are raised to conform to the female gender or role. A gender role is a set of behaviors, attitudes, and personality characteristics expected and encouraged of a person based on his or her sex. Experts disagree on whether differences between males and females result from innate, biological differences or from differences in the ways that boys and girls are socialized. In other words, experts disagree on whether differences between men and women are due to nature, nurture, or some combination of both.

Gender socialization Essay Example

We can see two major factors which contribute heavily on gender socialization and how males as well as females behave differently. The family has a great impact on gender socialization, every culture has different guidelines about what is appropriate for males and females, and family members may socialize babies in gendered ways without consciously following that path. For example, in most societies, the color pink is associated with girls and the color blue with boys. Even as tiny babies, boys and girls are dressed differently, according to what is considered appropriate for their respective sexes.

Even parents who strive to achieve a less gendered parenting style unconsciously reinforce gender roles. The other influence would be that of the educational system and how it contributes to the whole aspect of gender socialization between males and females. As children enter the educational system, traditional expectations for boys and girls continue. In the past, we see how teachers were shortchanging girls in the classroom. Teachers would focus on boys, calling on them more and challenging them. Because boys were believed to be more analytical, teachers assumed they would excel in math and science.

Teachers encouraged them to go into careers that require a lot of math and science, such as computer science or engineering. Never the less over the years we see how that has change form boys to girls because of globalization and modernization, assumptions has changed tremendously about male and female throughout the educational system. Inaddition we also see the view that the sociologist Ann- Oakley had on such topic, for her she felt that there is no link between our biology and our social roles.

Many of the things we may think is related to our biology is actually very closely related to our socialization, so we behave in accordance to how we were socialized by the society we live in. There are basic behavioural differences between the sexes, but we should note that these differences increase with age because our children’s intellectual biases are being exaggerated and intensified by our gendered culture. Children don’t inherit intellectual differences. They learn them. They are a result of what we expect a boy or a girl to be.

We can see that Connell believes that there is plenty of evidence that that behaviour is not determine by biology. For example there are some culture in which it is normal for men to engage in homosexuality at some point in their live cycle, and there have been cultures where rape does not exist, or was extremely rare. He surely feels that behaviour is based on culture. We can see that because of culture and socialization we see how behaviour differs in both males and females. On the other hand we can access the views of how biological characteristics account for the differences between male and female behaviour.

Gender differences are seen as resulting from sex differences. In other words, women and men act, think and feel differently because of differences in how their brains work. These brain differences may result from chromosomal differences and may also be the result of hormonal differences between the two genders. We can see through Gilmore’s that he does not see masculinity as a set of characteristics entirely determined by biology but he says that feminists have convincingly demonstrated that the conventional bipolar model based on biology is invalid and also sex and gender are distinct categories.

Nevertheless he does not believe that biology is unimportant. He feels that biology has some part in differentiating female and male behaviour. We can see the typical features of a man and that is man the impregnator, man the provider and man the protector these things are passed on through the male gene for generations making behavioural patterns different in both male and female. Inaddition we also see how harmones play a major role in the behaviour between male and female.

Males have testosterone and females have estrogens which accounts for difference in behaviour amongst the two genders. We can see Weber views on this topic he says that women are regarded as being more emotional, less able to be detached, impersonal, rational and closer to nature oppose from men and their bold aggressive personality. We can see that biological characteristics, helps play a vital role in the behaviour of both male and female through the genes and also the harmones.

Through the aspect of biological reasons we can gain from this that male and female would act, look and behave differently due to genetic structure of both genders. In concluding I have stated how gender socialization and biological characteristics accounts for the different behaviours of the two genders male and female and how these two agents help guide behaviour among the two.

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