Ghana Essay Research Paper Ghana
Ghana Essay, Research Paper
Ghana The Gold Coast, now known as Ghana, is one of many civilisations of Africa. It was a British Colony until March 6, 1957, when it became independent as the State of Ghana. In 1471, the Portuguese invaded this country and became involved in gold trade, giving the part the name, The Gold Coast. They built garrisons to protect their monopoly of gilded trade from merchandisers stand foring other states. In 1642, the Dutch West India Company captured all Portuguese strong stations and they devoted their involvements in slave trading instead than gilded trading. In the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, the Gold Coast was one of the main West African beginnings of slave export. At the beginning of the Nineteenth Century the states involved in slave trading began get rid ofing it as illegal and immoral. The British abolished it in 1807, the Danish is 1804 and the Dutch in 1814. In 1821, British garrisons were transferred from private ownership to authorities control. The Gold Coast became a British settlement and the new authorities was known as the British Colony of Sierra Leone. In 1850, there was motion to set up a fundamental law. In 1851, an assembly convened to set up a legislative organic structure of 84 members, as a consequence of mass rioting. In 1853, a Supreme Court was established to keep justness and to guarantee that the citizens would obey the Torahs of Britain. In 1895, municipal authoritiess were established for the larger towns of ; Accra, Cape Coast and Sekondi. In 1954, after many old ages as a British Colony, the Gold Coast wrote a 2nd Const
itution giving over the power of running the country to native Africans, citizens of the region. The only exception was External Accord, Defense and Police, which were still primarily white government positions, representing white people’s interests. The Gold Coast’s industry consisted of; aluminum, oil refineries, gold refineries, vehicle assembly, canneries, sugar production, cocoa processing, etc. The region provided a wealth of natural resources for merchants who cared to develop them. There were many important leaders in Ghana. When a portion of Ghana was known as Ashante, Ose Tutu was the founder of the Kingdom of Ashante, in 1680. Kwame Nkramah was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana. J.B. Danquah was a founder of and head figure of the United Gold Coast Connection. After Nkramah became President of Ghana, Danquah opposed his policies and was imprisoned for his ideas. The first African member of the Legislative Council, in the early part of this century, was J.E. Casely- Hayford. In 1969, Dr. Kofi A. Busia became Prime Minister, but a military coup ousted him in 1972. In 1979, Dr. Hilla Limann, a popular career diplomat from Northern Ghana, became President. On March 6, 1957, when the Gold Coast together with British Togo became an autonomous state, within the Commonwealth, and became the independent African Country of Ghana. It was named Ghana after the ancient kingdom of Ghana, that lay along the Niger River. On July 1, 1966, the name was changed to The Republic of Ghana. The civilization of the Gold Coast is now the Republic of Ghana.