Give Me Liberty Chapter

1 January 2018

Madison during his State of the Union message in December 1815. The three basic pillars Of these program were a “new national bank, a tariff on imported manufacturing goods and federal financing of improved roads and canals” (365). 3. What efforts were made in this period to strengthen the economic integration of the nation, and what major crises hindered these efforts? The construction of new roads and canals that would allow a better communication between states and transportation of goods were some of the efforts made during this period.

However, situations like the Panic of 181 9 where “European demand for American farm products returned to normal levels, the economic bubble burst’ (366); the Missouri Controversy which consisted on the fact that the state protected slavery’ and did not allowed the entrance of free blacks to this state, causing controversy among the other nations, and last but not least, the resentment towards the Second Bank of the United States. 4.What are the three principles of the Monroe Doctrine? Those principles were that the United States would reject all intention of colonization from Europe to any part of the Americas; The United States loud not interfere in the wars occurring in the European continent and last but not least, European powers were warned to not interfere in any of the Latin American States. (See page 372) 5. Describe the conflicting ideas of Calhoun and Jackson over nullification.Calhoun, a well-known pre-Civil war southern philosopher supported nullification and did not meant disunion. He believed that ‘the only way to ensure stability of a large, diverse nation was for each state to be assured that national actions would never trample on its rights or vital interests” (384).

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On the other hand, Jackson believed that lubrication “amounted nothing less than disunion and dismissed Calhoun constitutional arguments, considering them out of hand” (384). 6.How did the Missouri Compromise and the nullification crisis demonstrate and increasing sectional competition and disagreement over slavery? It demonstrated sectional competition and disagreement because it was evident how both regions -North and South- had to totally different views about slavery, African-Americans and liberty. Especially since slavery was more deep and accepted in the South. 7. In what ways did Andrew Jackson embody the introductions of democratic nationalism? He was a man of contradictions.He had an “abiding suspicion of banks and paper money, and shared with others the fear that the market revolution was a source of moral decay rather than progress” (374) However, as a strong and proud nationalist, he believed that all the states, not only DC, should be the focus of the government.

8. How did the expansion of white male democracy run counter to the ideals of the founders, who believed government should be sheltered from excessive influence by ordinary people? 9. How did the Bank War influence the economy and party competition?It influenced the economy by increasing wages, and by its expansion, financing the nation’s economic development. However, not everyone -including President Jackson- trusted them, because they believed that “the hard money -gold and silver” was the only honest currency’ (388). This created a party competition where Democrats supported the Anti-Bank movement and Wigs disapproved Jackson’s actions like the veto. 10. Explain the causes and effects of the Panic of 1837.

Causes Effects The speculation caused by people who hastened to cash in on rising land prices collapsed.

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