Green Computing Final Research Paper
Research Project is to research possible applications of green computing for We Are Big Incorporated. First, I want to define what is Green Computing: Environmental responsibility and sustainability in computing and/or IT systems, including overall energy efficiencies, responsible disposal of electronic waste and recycling programs, telecommuting, virtualization of server resources, thin client solutions, using open source software, and the development of new software to address green computing.
In an article Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, by San Murugesan defines the field of green computing as “the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment. ” The applications being closely researched are as follows: •Data center and overall energy efficiency: Is a basic Energy Star program for organizations and using technology or data centers for multi-user/departmental uses.
Cities teaming up with businesses to use tools like smart meters, data visualizations and even mobile technology to promote energy efficiency and urban sustainability. Quoting a report State of the World Report, by Diana Lind, April 2012, “In one instance, General Electric is helping the city of Rotterdam Germany to drastically cut CO2 emissions to half its 1990 levels by creating energy efficiency and improving water management. ” Running multiple clients from one server allows a higher utilization of server processing power, smaller data center footprint, and also makes strides toward energy efficiency.
In a recent study found that if companies adopt cloud computing, they can reduce the energy consumption of their IT departments and save money on energy bills. And in another development, Fujitsu unveiled its Esprimo Green, a full PC that uses zero watts in stand-by mode. •The disposal of electronic waste and recycling: Proper disposal of electronic equipment will save money and valuable landfill space. Recycling these products can be even more valuable. Not only does this save resources, organizations can make a profit from recycling efforts. In a two year period, Samsung recycled more than 41. million pounds of electronics. They are the first electronics manufacturer to fulfill the e-Stewards standard for responsible e-waste handling. . Samsung launched its Recycling Direct program in October 2008 with 1100 drop-off spots currently throughout the United States. •Telecommuting: Over the past decade, telecommuting has shown to deliver significant social, environmental and economic benefits. Many organizations have recognized these gains as a way to promote worker moral, sustainable business practices, and increase their bottom line.
In “How Telecommuting Lets Workers Mobilize for Sustainability” by Daniel Walsh, he describes just how the organizations are utilizing this. “A recent survey found that less than 4 percent of U. S. private sector workers actually work from home, that figure could reach as high as 30 percent by 2019”, •Virtualization of server resources: Cloud computing has recently been getting attention. The term describes data-processing operations being outsourced to server farms, instead of being powered on-site. These vary from websites or remotely hosted networks to digital storage space or individual documents.
Cloud computing can save large U. S. companies $12. 3 billion on energy use while cutting carbon emissions by 85. 7 million tons annually by 2020, according to a report that tracks climate change information and was commissioned by the non-profit Carbon Disclosure Project. •Thin client solutions: This term refers to reducing energy use, reductions in materials used, using virtualization servers, and open source software. Fujitsu unveiled a new thin client computer that cuts energy by about two-thirds. In a article by Greener Computing published in August 24, 2009.
In addition to saving on procurement costs, thin client adopts cloud servers and data center computing. Thin client is a way to save on energy use from PC’s and data centers. •Use open source software: OSS is computer software that is available in source code form. In a nutshell, Open Source is an architecturally driven approach that is not linked to any vendor/supplier. Open source is an ideal development and business model for today’s online participatory, collaborative, networked culture. The open source model offers liberties to users and developers and supports true collaborative innovation.
Open source software can provides accessibility, low or no upgrade or switching costs, and provide a better value in an environment that allows for everyone’s participation and competition. Companies can monetize their innovations by building on the contributions of others. This source code and other rights that normally are reserved for copyright holders. Are provided under an alternate open source license that permits users to study, change, improve and distribute software. Open source software is often developed in a collaborative fashion. Open source software is the best example of open source development.
Often compared to user generated content or other open content applications. The report by the Standish Group states that adoption of open source software models have resulted in the savings of over $60 billion a year to consumers. •Development of new software to address green computing for internal use and potential sale to other organizations: Creating a center of economic activity around technologies that benefit the environment. Testing building materials and studying chemical processes to reduce the use and generation of hazardous substances.
Nanotechnology is also being used in an attempt to manipulate materials at the nanometer scale; scientists are hoping it can transform manufacturing on a global level, from government purchasing to a technological revolution. VIA is seeking to enable the next 1 billion people to get connected, by providing wider access to computing and communications technologies. The company is concentrating on empowering new, emerging markets, looking at models that reach beyond individual ownership of a PC, such as local pay-for-use facilities.
Products built for such a use are characterized by ultra-efficient energy consumption and the ability to withstand heat and dust in harsh environments. Engineering higher performance computing like developing smarter software to explore parallel, multiprocessor architecture that will mean a more efficient use of hardware resources and better coding techniques. Lastly, another major aspect of green software is the development of sustainable software and the use of Open source methodologies. In figure 1 below, is the Decision Matrix showing the criteria, weights, and scores for the Project Manager position.