Gregor Mendel

5 May 2017

Mendel demonstrated that the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants follows particular patterns, now referred to as the laws of Mendalian Science. The profound significance of Mendel’s work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th century, when the independent rediscovery of these laws initiated the modern science of genetics.

Gregor Mendel was born into an ethnic German family in Heizendorf bei Ordau, Austrian Silsiea, now Hynciea, Czech Republic. He was the son of Anton and Rosine (Schwirtlich) Mendel, and had one older sister, Veronika, and one younger, Theresia. He was christened Johann Mendel and given the name Gregor when he joined the Augustinian monks. They lived and worked on a farm which had been owned by the Mendel family for at least 130 years. During his childhood, Mendel worked as a gardener and studied beekeeping.

Gregor Mendel Essay Example

Later on, as a young man, he attended gymnasium in Opava. He had to take four months off during his Gymnasium studies due to illness. From 1840 to 1843, he studied practical and heoretical philosophy as well as physics at the University of Olomouc Faculty of Philosophy , taking another year off because of illness. He also struggled financially to pay for his studies and Theresia gave him her dowry. Later he helped support her three sons, two of whom became doctors.

He became a monk because it enabled him to obtain an education without having to pay for it himself. When Mendel entered the Faculty of Philosophy, the Department of Natural History and Agriculture was headed by Johann Karl Nestler, who conducted extensive research of hereditary traits of plants and animals, especially sheep. Upon recommendation of his physics teacher Friedrich Franz, Mendel entered the Augustrian ST Thomas’s abbey and began his training as a priest. Born Johann Mendel, he took the name Gregor upon entering religious life.

Mendel worked as a substitute high school teacher. In 1850 he failed the oral part, the last of three parts, of his exams to become a certified high school teacher. In 1851 he was sent to the University of Vienna to study under the sponsorship of Abbot C. F. Napp so that he could get more formal education. At Vienna, his professor of physics was Christian Doppler. Mendel eturned to his abbey in 1853 as a teacher, principally of physics. In 1856 he took the exam to become a certified teacher and again failed the oral part.

In 1867 he replaced Napp as abbot of the monastery. Mendel began his studies on heredity at St. Thomas’s Abbey with mice, but his bishop did not like one of his monks studying animal sex, so Mendel switched to plants. Mendel also bred bees in a bee house that was built for him, using bee hives that he designed. He also studied astronomy and meteorology , tounding the ‘Austrian Meteorological Society’ in majority of his published works were related to meteorology.

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