Health and Social Care

9 September 2016

Below I have written about ‘types of discriminatory practise’ and examples of it in health and social care. TYPES OF DISCRMINATORY PRACTISE| Infringement of rights| Not respecting an individual’s rights and not letting them practise their culture. This can lead to individuals feeling devalued and very sad, which will affect their health. For example a child within a school was museum and due to his religion he had to pray once during school. The school didn’t put aside time for him to do this.

This affected his families view towards the school and made them feel devalued. | Covert and overt abuse of power| Covert- This is hidden abuse of power to discriminate. Health care professionals may treat someone differently from someone else. This means that a person may not get the same level of treatment, which may jeopardise their health and well-being. For example two people are applying for a job, with the same experience and qualifications. One may not get shortlisted because of their sexuality.

Overt- This type of discrimination is clearer than covert it also has similar outcomes to covert discrimination. If the health care user notices that they are being discriminated against, it will have a negative effect on their health. For example someone may be getting paid less than someone who is a different gender but they are both doing the same job with the same qualifications. | Prejudice | This can include negative, preconceived ideas about an individual, arising from a person’s negative ideas about that individual.

This can affect someone’s health. For example someone working in a care home could have spiked hair and with face rings, the majority of staff and people living there have negative judgement without knowing what they are actually like. | Stereotyping | This is assumptions made about an individual’s, which could affect their health as the comment made, may knock their confidence and they may stop eating and become ill. For example someone could have a judgement and think straight away that all blonde girls are dumb. Labelling | This means giving someone labels, mostly negative ones. If a heath professional did this it would be very unprofessional and could lead to different levels of health and social care to individuals. For example a school teacher could have a thought about a child in her class that they are uneducated due to their background and social class. This affected the way she spoke to this child and how she treated them. | Bullying | This is where someone uses power to intimidate another person.

There are different forms of bullying, such as physical, written and verbal, all can which lead to distress or even mental health issues. For example within a mental health care home, one of the carers called a health care user a ‘retard’ this can upset the user a lot as they are in the home for help and support not to be bullied by someone who is meant to be helping them. | Abuse | Abusive situations can occur due to stress, or lack or staff supervision or training, and will lead to the abused individual’s health and mental state deteriorating.

For example there is a carer who looks after an elderly person at home, her job is too cook, clean and look after her. The carer hasn’t been providing the elderly person with enough food, haven’t been putting on the heating when it’s cold and haven’t cleaned the house for a while. This type of abuse is neglect; fail to care for her properly. This can lead to the elderly person becoming ill and rapid decline in her health. |

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