Health and Social Care
Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in TWO different social groups. I’m going to write about two different social groups, Gender and Social Class because Feminism fits in to gender and Marxism fits into Social Class. D1- Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. Social Class- Marxism. M2: This table shows that people who live in most deprived areas are more likely to smoke, are less likely to have a good education, they more than likely lived in poverty as a child.
This table also shows that the least deprived people are the people with the most education and then end up becoming a professional or a manager. The Marxist approach would suggest that the least deprived are the ruling class and the most deprived are the working class in the hierarchy Marxists believe the most deprived people shouldn’t have an education they think they should be working for the least deprived people (Middle class) in factories and other places like that, they know that the most deprived may get ill from the working conditions but they don’t have to pay very much for the labour.
D1: Marxists are for the most deprived people having less or even no education and the least deprived people have more education, because least deprived people have more money and also means more control and Marxists are for control over the most deprived. Marxism doesn’t really explain why most deprived people are actually most deprived, and who is left suffering and it doesn’t exactly explain who is in the most deprived group of people and for example, if someone who has an income of ? 0,000 or ? 5,000 a year would the person who earns ? 10,000 be part of the most deprived compared to a person who earns ? 50,000 a year? Also if someone who earns ? 5,000 a year and someone on benefits who have about ? 200 or so a week or every two weeks, we don’t know where they’d be classed in the hierarchy. The Marxist sociological explanation is relevant for this group. Gender- Feminism M2: This graph shows that women tend to live longer than men.
Feminists would not agree with this graph because they believe men live longer than men, women would suggest that women are being more deprived as they are seen as the more emotional gender and also that they are being disadvantaged because they believe that they are ruled by the men. They believe that men get the higher jobs than women for example, men can be builders, coal miner’s etc. men are seen to have more physical hard labour jobs compared to women because women are seen to be house wives and have less hard laboured jobs for example, cooking, cleaning and childcare.
If a man and a woman both applied to be a head teacher its more than likely that the man would get the job because of the fact women have children and would maternity leave which is having time off work. Although one of the reasons why women tend to live longer is because they are seen to be more health conscious for example, if they even have a small sign of illness they tend to go to the doctors to get medication or help to cure the illness whereas when it comes to men, they don’t seek help until the illness or disease gets really bad even when it’s almost too late to cure.
Feminists actually contradict their selves by saying men live longer than themselves and also that men rule over women making them the deprived gender although women actually live longer than men due to the facts I went through in M2. In feminism, they don’t believe women live longer although they do, and it’s seems too simple for that too be said this needs to be explained a little more detail, for example why and how they are living longer. Feminism doesn’t really relate much to women in general, it’d really help if there was more information which was specific.