Health and Social Care Unit
Social inequality means the situation in which individual groups in a society do not have equal social status, social class or social circle. Clear boundaries in society are made that prevents individuals from reaching equal status regardless of their work. This is called social mobility. Social mobility is the ability to move up or down the social scale for example the daughter of an unskilled worker is successful at college, this leads her to university, then she is qualified as a professional social worker.
She has made a success of her life and earns vastly more than her parents did. Inequality emerges with each and every interaction, this is because individuals possess qualities which may be better or worse than others, this includes intelligence and beauty, we choose to compare ourselves with others. The uks professions are doctors, lawyers, teachers and armed services, they make an enormous contribution to our society and are also central to our economic future.
One of many restrictions of an unequal society is the military. Women aren’t allowed to serve on the front line, more jobs are open to woman than 20 years ago but most positions will still remain exclusive to men. This is unequal in society and discrimination against gender as men don’t think women have the physical /emotional ability to do the job where as men do. P2 Social inequality is the lack of equality in our society. We have many different social classes that we group people into based on many different factors.
These social groups include, social class, age, gender, culture, ethnicity, disability and sexuality. Social factors are ways in which people are diverse from each other and have the risk of discrimination. It influences on individual behaviour attributable to the social values or behaviour of the groups to which an individual belongs, sociological factors usually take many forms and may help explain why human behaviour goes wrong or right. Ethnicity- people understand themselves as been black, white or asian.
Assumptions about ethnic characteristics can lead to discrimination for example, police have a reputation of been racist, if there was an attack in a certain area the police would automatically stop a mixed race lad just because of the colour of his skin, they presume all mixed race lads are the same. Gender- people are classified as male or female, men generally have more rights than woman in certain situations such as work. If a man and a woman applied for the same job role in the army the man would be seen more fit, therefore he would be given the job.
These assumptions about gender still leads to discrimination/ prejudice Sexuality- many people see there sexual orientation as very important to understanding who they are. Gay and lesbian relationships are often discriminated against. Heterosexual people may judge others as abnormal. For example 2 individuals go to the same interview. The employer wont employ the homosexual as he is against it, this would mean the man is being discriminated against because of his sexuality. Age- people identify others by age groups, children, teenagers, young adults, middle age and older people.
Some age groups may be seen as better than others. Jobs are more likely to employ younger people than older people as they think younger people have more ability to do things. This can lead to prejudice and discrimination. Social class- people differ in their upbringing, the kind of work they do and the money they earn. People may discriminate against others because of there class or lifestyle. Depending on where you live and how much your income is you may live a healthier and longer live . Richer people may look down and discriminate against poorer individuals.
Religion- individuals have different aspects and views on religion. People may think others are wrong about who/what they worship. This problem can lead to prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination. People think of Christians as older people that have got nothing else better to do, when in fact the age varies. This is classed as stereotyping, assuming someone’s something when there not. Disability- many people suffer from discrimination when they have a disability. This is because they are different from others and can not physically do the things others can.
This leaves them left out, not been able to socialize and feeling upset. For example if there was a man in a wheel chair in an office with his work colleges and everyone ignored him because he was different this would be discrimination. M1 & D1 Social inequality refers to the ways in which socially defined categories of persons. Unequal society has a big impact on individuals. There are different ways in how you can discriminate against someone this includes stereotyping. Stereotyping is were an individual is labelled as a certain person, or put into a certain group.
For example a group of teenagers on the streets wearing hoodies, people would presume they were out to cause trouble. People make this assumption because of what they hear in the news, stories involving young people are most commonly about crime, gangs, education or social exclusion. This doesn’t mean everyone is the same, they have individual differences. People have strong feelings about this situation which has a strong impact in society, this may lead to individuals not wanting to leave their home because they are afraid of getting stabbed, mugged, this is why people stereotype and discriminate against each other.
Most young people feel the media represents them as antisocial and a group to be feared they judge before they know. Social class has another big impact in society causing people to judge, discriminate, label and stereotype. Poverty and social inequality have direct and indirect effects on the social, mental and physical well-being of an individual. Some people believe that income inequality produces psychosocial stress, which leads to deteriorating health and higher mortality over time. However, the association between income inequality and life expectancy is slowly disappearing and is no longer widely accepted.
Those who live in deprived communities, where there is under-investment in the social and physical infrastructure, experience poor health, resulting in higher mortality for those of lower socio-economic class. The effects of income inequality also spill over into society, causing stress, frustration and family disruption, which then increase the rates of crime, homicide and violence. People who work within the government constantly change prices, and health care this effects poverty stricken areas. Wealthier individuals can afford private education, health care and live in better areas.
The effects it has on poorer people is becoming worse, GSCE grades are dropping, poorer areas are leading to more crime and peoples health is dropping. People who deal with politics will not understand the effects it has, as they have grown up within a wealthy family. Marginalisation and social exclusion is based on how a person comes across, look and act, they are excluded from society. Many mixed race individuals suffer from feeling socially excluded due to the colour of their skin and how people perceive them.
Racial inequality is the result of hierarchical social distinctions between races of people within a society, which are usually based on characteristics such as skin colour this has a great impact. For example, if a white woman who lived in Scotland moved to London to become a social worker the ethnicity will have an impact. The woman would not be used to other cultures and may struggle to work within certain communities, this could lead her to be socially excluded if she’s working with different ethnicities.
I have had my own experiences of discrimination in the society I have also witnessed it. While I attended one of my placements. This placement was in a nursery. While I was attending my placement their was a child who didn’t have the skills all the others had, she was behind on her development, also she couldn’t speak like the others. I noticed that she was left out a lot from the other children, they wouldn’t play with her so she was alone most of the time.
Some of the members of staff also went to other children as they thought it was stressful to try at teach her. I personally think this situation is happening because she carnet understand people so they leave her. I feel as if the child was getting socially excluded. I think this will have a great impact as she will not learn anything and she wont be able to develop her skills. It will affect her later on in life. I think people with disabilities or with parents who neglect them should be socially excepted, as everybody is equal and deserves a chance.