Heart Healthy Diet
Not Just for Those with Existing Heart Disease Teaching Project Ashley Page Fort Hays State University Heart Healthy Diet: Not Just For Those with Existing Heart Disease A heart healthy should be followed by the general population and not those with just heart disease. Men, women, children, adolescents, middle aged, and elderly can all benefit from eating healthy. If the heart healthy diet is followed properly it may decrease risk of heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension.
The audience that I plan on educating regarding a heart healthy diet is people who do not have documented heart disease but may have risk factors including a poor diet. I will present a power point with discussion to a middle-aged African American male who presented to the emergency room with chest pain and was admitted to rule out a myocardial infarction. The patient’s wife and two children are present at the bedside. I will provide the patient and his family with education regarding a heart healthy diet prior to discharge mid-afternoon.
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Physical resources present in the patient’s room are a computer that is height adjustable on wheels, multiple power outlets, and adequate lighting. Following the presentation the learner will demonstrate increase awareness of the importance of a good diet in maintaining health and resisting disease. Following the presentation the learner will demonstrate increase in awareness of the foods which are essential to make up a balanced diet.
Following the presentation the learner will be able to verbalize heart-healthy substitutions that individuals can make in order to prepare flavorful food with hypertension in mind and increase consumption of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, oily fish, and other healthful components that can play a role in reducing risk of heart disease. Following the presentation the learner will be able to describe the role of nutrition in heart health. Introduction to a heart healthy diet will take approximately two minutes.
I will begin the power point that I have created for this subject. Six questions will be asked of the learner. The pretest will take approximately seven minutes. I will then continue the power point and discuss the importance of a heart healthy diet, goals, how to eat heart healthy, basic nutrition information, diets that use heart healthy recommendations, and other ways to change ones lifestyle to become heart healthy. This discussion of the heart healthy content will take approximately ten minutes.
I will then give the learner the posttest which will take approximately seven minutes. After presentation of all of the content I will then answer questions and encourage discussion regarding heart healthy diet and lifestyle. The pre and post test are both orally given. The Health Belief Model is an intrapersonal theory that “addresses a person’s perceptions of the threat of a health problem and the accompanying appraisal of a recommended behavior for preventing or managing the problem. ” (McKenzie, Cottrell, & Girvan, 2006).
The Health Belief Model (HBM) has been commonly used to guide preventive interventions in heart health. The learner was brought to the hospital due to chest pain. Although, a myocardial infarction was ruled out the patient realizes that he is at risk of heart disease and the risk is enough to change current eating habits and sedentary lifestyle. The patient’s grandfather died due to heart disease and his mother has diabetes. The patient is receiving encouragement to start living heart healthy from family members.
The patient sees that his current eating habits and sedentary lifestyle plus his family history puts him at risk for heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. The patient recognizes the benefits eating heart healthy and living a heart healthy lifestyle. These benefits include better health, decrease in heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. References: American Heart Association Nutrition Committee; Lichtenstein AH, Appel LJ, Brands M, Carnethon M, Daniels S, (2006).
Diet and lifestyle recommendations revision 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee. 4;114(1):82-96. Krauss R. (2007). Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 8th ed. Saunderschap. McKenzie, J, Cottrell, R, & Girvan, J, (2006). Principles and foundations of health promotion and education. Benjamin/Cummings Pub Co. Resources: www. americanheart. org — American Heart Association http://fnic. nal. usda. gov — Food and Nutrition Information Center