Heart Of Darkness Essay Research Paper Heart 2

9 September 2017

Heart Of Darkness- Essay, Research Paper

Heart of Darkness-

In Joseph Conrad & # 8217 ; s book Heart of Darkness the Europeans are

cut off from civilisation, overtaken by greed, development, and

stuff involvements from his ain sort. Conrad develops subjects of

personal power, single duty, and societal justness. His

book has all the furnishings of the conventional escapade narrative & # 8211 ;

enigma, alien scene, flight, suspense, unexpected onslaught. The

book is a record of things seen and done by Conrad while in the

Belgian Congo. Conrad uses Marlow, the chief character in the book, as

a storyteller so he himself can come in the narrative and state it out of his

ain philosophical head. Conrad & # 8217 ; s ocean trips to the Atlantic and Pacific,

and the seashores of Seas of the East brought contrasts of freshness and

alien find. By the clip Conrad took his harrowing journey into

the Congo in 1890, world had become unconditioned. The African

venture figured as his descent into snake pit. He returned ravaged by the

unwellness and mental break which undermined his wellness for the

staying old ages of his life. Marlow & # 8217 ; s journey into the Congo, like

Conrad & # 8217 ; s journey, was besides meaningful. Marlow experienced the violent

menace of nature, the insensibility of world, and the moral


We have noticed that of import motivations in Heart of Darkness

link the white work forces with the Africans. Conrad knew that the white

work forces who come to Africa professing to convey advancement and visible radiation to

& # 8220 ; darkest Africa & # 8221 ; have themselves been deprived of the countenances of

their European societal orders ; they besides have been alienated from the

old tribal ways.

& # 8220 ; Thrown upon their ain inner religious resources they may be

absolutely damned by their greed, their sloth, and their lip service into

moral insignificance, as were the pilgrims, or they may be so corrupt

by their absolute power over the Africans that some Marlow will necessitate

to put their memory among the & # 8216 ; dead Cats of Civilization. & # 8217 ; & # 8221 ; ( Conrad

105. ) The supposed intent of the Europeans going into Africa was

to educate the indigens. Alternatively they colonized on the native & # 8217 ; s land

and corrupted the indigens.

& # 8220 ; Africans bound with lashs that contracted in the rain and

cut to the bone, had their conceited custodies beaten with rifle butts until

they fell off. Chained slaves were forced to imbibe the white adult male & # 8217 ; s

laxation, custodies and pess were chopped off for their rings, work forces were

lined up behind each other and changeable with one cartridge, wounded

captives were eaten by maggots till they die and were so thrown to

hungering Canis familiariss or devoured by cannibal tribes. & # 8221 ; ( Meyers 100. )

Conrad & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; Diary & # 8221 ; substantiated the truth of the conditions

described in Heart of Darkness: the concatenation packs, the grove of decease,

the payment in brass rods, the cannibalism and the human skulls

on the fencing stations. Conrad did non overstate or contrive the horrors

that provided the political and human-centered footing for his onslaught on

colonialism. The Europeans took the indigens & # 8217 ; set down away from

them by force. They burned their towns, stole their belongings, and

enslaved them. George Washington Williams stated in his journal,

& # 8220 ; Mr. Stanley was supposed to hold made pacts with more than

four hundred native Kings and Chiefs, by which they surrendered their

rights to the dirt. And yet many of

these people declare that they

ne’er made a pact with Stanley, or any other white adult male ; their lands

have been taken off from them by force, and they suffer the greatest

wrongs at the custodies of the Belgians. & # 8221 ; ( Conrad 87. ) Conrad saw intense

greed in the Congo. The Europeans back place proverb otherwise ; they

perceived that the dozenss of tusk and gum elastic being brought back place

was a mark of orderly behavior in the Congo. Conrad & # 8217 ; s Heart of

Darkness mentioned nil about the trading of gum elastic. Conrad

and Marlow did non care for tusk ; they cared about the geographic expedition

into the & # 8220 ; darkest Africa. & # 8221 ; A picture of a blindfolded adult female transporting

a lighted torch was discussed in the book. The background was dark,

and the consequence of the torch visible radiation on her face was sinister. The oil

painting represents the blind and stupid tusk company, fraudulently

allowing people believe that besides the tusk they were taking out of

the jungle, they were, at the same clip, conveying visible radiation and advancement

to the jungle. Conrad mentioned in his journal that missions were set

up to Christianize the indigens. He did non include the missions into

his book because the land was forcibly taken off from the indigens,

therefore conveying in a church does non assist if the indigens have no will.

Supplies brought in the state were left out-of-doorss and abandoned, and

a brick shaper who made no bricks, lights up the fact that the

Europeans do non care to assist the indigens advancement. When Marlow

reached the first station, he saw what used to be tools and supplies,

that were to assist come on the land, laid in waste upon the land.

& # 8220 ; I came upon a boiler wallowing in the grass, so found a

way taking up the hill. It turned aside for the bowlders and besides

for an undersized railroad truck lying at that place on its dorsum with its

wheels in the air & # 8230 ; . I came upon more pieces of disintegrating machinery,

a stack of rust tracks & # 8230 ; . No alteration appeared on the face of the stone.

They were constructing a railroad. The drop was non in the manner of

anything, but this objectless blasting was all the work traveling on. & # 8221 ;

( Conrad 19. )

George Washington Williams wrote in his journal that three and a half

old ages passed by, but non one stat mi of route bed or train paths was

made. & # 8220 ; One & # 8217 ; s inhuman treatment is one & # 8217 ; s power ; and when one parts with one & # 8217 ; s

inhuman treatment, one parts with one & # 8217 ; s power, & # 8221 ; says William Congreve, writer of

The Way of the World. ( Tripp 206. ) The Europeans forcibly took away

the indigens & # 8217 ; land and so enslaved them. All the illustrations given are

portion of one tremendous thought of inhuman treatment & # 8211 ; inhuman treatment that the European white

work forces believe because its victims are incapacitated. These are mystical

disclosures of adult male & # 8217 ; s dark ego.


1. Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness: Backgrounds and Criticisms.

New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1960.

2. Meyers, Jeffrey. Joseph Conrad. New York: Charles Scribner & # 8217 ; s

Sons, 1991.

3. Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness 3rd erectile dysfunction. Ed. Robert Kimbrough.

New York: Norton Critical, 1988.

4. Williams, George Washington. [ A Report upon the Congo – State and

State to the President of the Republic of the United States of

America. ] Heart of Darkness. By Joseph Conrad 3rd erectile dysfunction. Ed. Robert

Kimbrough. New York: Norton Critical 1988. 87.

5. Tripp, Rhoda Thomas. Thesaurus of Quotations. New York: Thomas

Y. Crowell, 1970.

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