Hedonism Essay Research Paper HedonismWebster

8 August 2017

Hedonism Essay, Research Paper

Hedonism

Webster & # 8217 ; s dictionary defines hedonism as & # 8220 ; the

ethical philosophy that pleasance, diversely conceived of

in footings of felicity of the person or of society,

is the chief good and the proper purpose of action & # 8221 ; or

& # 8220 ; the theory that a individual ever acts is such a manner as

to seek pleasance and avoid pain. & # 8221 ; With this definition

in head, and with farther scrutiny of John Stuart

Mill & # 8217 ; s theory on hedonism, I am traveling to reason that

hedonism is non an sole or distinguishable manner of

believing. In fact, I think that with the exclusion of

perchance a few people, most people are really

hedonistically inclined.

& # 8220 ; Hedonistic utilitarians place felicity with

tiping pleasance and avoiding hurting, significance that the more

an single enjoys pleasance and avoids hurting, the

happier that person is & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu.edu ) . Now, is

this truly a new and profound idea? If you avoid

hurting, you will take a happier life? With a few

exclusions, I don & # 8217 ; t cognize many people who see hurting as

enjoyment. Most people I know have made it a point to

enjoy themselves in so me fasion or

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another, and that doesn & # 8217 ; t include the enjoyment of hurting.

& # 8220 ; Mill & # 8217 ; s overall topic is the right of the

indivieual to believe and move for himeself of herself.

For Mill this does non intend the right to believe and move

as you please ( Castell 360 ) . Eventhough Mill encouraged

independent idea and actions, he did non warrant

running about and making whatever you liked. Harmonizing

to the Hedonic Society, what they call Enlightened

Hedonism ( & # 8221 ; a realistic and humanistic lifestance

advocation the ration cultivation of pleasance and

felicity for all & # 8221 ; ) can be stated in six rules:

1. Knowledge is gained through a reasoned survey of

all available grounds.

2. In the absence of conclusive grounds for a

supernatural, moralss and morality must be based on our

life in the natural universe.

3. Pleasure and hurting are our natural agencies for

finding what is good or harmful to life.

4. Those actions are best which lead to the

greatest pleasance and felicity, or the least hurting and

agony, in the long term for all concerned.

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5. Our lives are made most happy and fulfilling by

cultivating the higher pleasances of rational

development, aesthetic grasp and creativeness, and

societal bonds of friendly relationship, household and romantic love.

6. Happiness is best attained in an ambiance of

freedom, tolerance, passive resistance and diverseness.

The Hedonic society besides states that the moralss of

enlightened hedonism is a positive, dynamic and life-

confirming alternate to traditional spiritual and

political tenet.

In today & # 8217 ; s footings, when you hear person speak of

hedonism, your head automatically goes to tie ining

sex, orgasms, and all other types of physical pleasance

with the term hedonism. The of import thing to maintain in

head, nevertheless is that hedonism does non merely include

physical pleasance. It is possible to endeavor to accomplish

felicity and exhilaration, and at the same clip avoid

unhappiness and anxiousness. This is besides a hedonic manner of

idea. Hedonism is non the chase strictly physical.

It is possible to be intellectually hedonic every bit good.

And, Hedonism is non based entirely on the person. It

is to be the greatest sum of good possible for the

greatest sum of people.

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So merely because you want to something, and carry through

your O

riginal desire/want/need, doesn’t mean that it is

right to make it. You have to take into history what

would profit others every bit good. & # 8220 ; By each of us traveling

instantly for that which we most want, which would

give us the most pleasance, is for the greatest possible

good to be accomplished & # 8230 ; ( Stanford ) . & # 8221 ;

Mill says that the ideal manner to be is a small spot

of both physically and intellectually hedonic. He

introduces the Competent Judge Test ( CJT ) to conflict

common expostulations he faces against hedonic

utilitarianism. The expostulation stems from the

philosophical contention between bodily ( feeding,

imbibing, and sex, but besides things like exercising ) and

rational ( art, literature, doctrine, and scientific discipline )

pleasances, and the comparative value of each of those

pleasances ( phil.tamu ) . & # 8220 ; Since hedonic useful

define felicity in footings of pleasance and the absence of

hurting, they are unfastened to the expostulation that their position

give human existences & # 8217 ; lives no higher intent than that of

any animate being. Mill calls this & # 8216 ; the philosophy of swine

objection. & # 8217 ; & # 8230 ; Mill grounds that if what gives a human

being pleasance ( and/or hurting ) is radically different than

what gives it to an animate being, so what counts as homo

felicity will be radically different & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu ) .

Intellectual pleasances are superior to the physical

pleasances, and Mill says that

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his CJT proves it. & # 8220 ; Of tow pleasances, if there be one

to which all of about all who have experience of both

give a distinct penchant, irrespective or any feeling

of moral duty to prefer it, that is the more

desirable pleasance & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu ) .

Mill has four different constituents that are a portion

of the testing of qualitative high quality ;

1 ) Who the competent Judgess are ; 2 ) What sort of

bulk of them must give ; 3 ) What sort of penchant

to one sort of pleasance over another for it to be judged

the higher choice pleasance ; and

4 ) What this qualitative difference implies about the

comparative value of pleasance of the two sorts.

He besides presents the Four Steps of CJT ; 1 )

Identify the competent Judgess ; 2 ) See if any of them

prefer Ten over Y ; 3 ) Ask if the penchant for X over Y

is shared by certain features ;

4 ) If # 3 is true, so we are justified in reasoning

that X is someway superior ( phil.tamu ) .

Mill says that if you substitute rational

pleasances for & # 8220 ; X & # 8221 ; and bodily pleasances for & # 8220 ; Y, & # 8221 ; so & # 8220 ; X & # 8221 ;

is & # 8220 ; qualitatively superior & # 8221 ; to & # 8220 ; Y. & # 8221 ; However, like I

stated above, each individual in their ain facet has some

hedonism in them someplace. I would reason that in order

to hold a comparatively balanced life, you would include

both physical

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and rational facets of your life. Whether or non

you would be labeled a & # 8220 ; Hedonist & # 8221 ; would stay to be

seen. If you incorporate the greater demands of others

into your single immediate demands, so technically,

yes, that would be Hedonism. But, I would venture to

state that you would be labeled & # 8220 ; a nice person. & # 8221 ;

Castell, Alburey, et al. , Introduction to Moern

Doctrine: Analyzing the Human Condition. ( New

Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001 ) .

& # 8220 ; Hedonism. & # 8221 ; Stanford University ( online )

www.stanford.edu/~quixote/philosophies.htm # hedonism*

. ( 12/03/2001 ) .

& # 8220 ; John Stuart Mill. & # 8221 ; unknown ( on-line ) *www-/

phil.tamu.edu/~gary/intro/lecture.mill_1.html.

( 12/03/2001 ) .

& # 8220 ; What is Enlightened Hedonism? & # 8221 ; Hedonic Society

( online ) *www.hedonicsociety.org/custom/html* .

( 12/03/2001 ) .

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