Hedonism Essay Research Paper HedonismWebster
Hedonism Essay, Research Paper
Webster & # 8217 ; s dictionary defines hedonism as & # 8220 ; the
ethical philosophy that pleasance, diversely conceived of
in footings of felicity of the person or of society,
is the chief good and the proper purpose of action & # 8221 ; or
& # 8220 ; the theory that a individual ever acts is such a manner as
to seek pleasance and avoid pain. & # 8221 ; With this definition
in head, and with farther scrutiny of John Stuart
Mill & # 8217 ; s theory on hedonism, I am traveling to reason that
hedonism is non an sole or distinguishable manner of
believing. In fact, I think that with the exclusion of
perchance a few people, most people are really
& # 8220 ; Hedonistic utilitarians place felicity with
tiping pleasance and avoiding hurting, significance that the more
an single enjoys pleasance and avoids hurting, the
happier that person is & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu.edu ) . Now, is
this truly a new and profound idea? If you avoid
hurting, you will take a happier life? With a few
exclusions, I don & # 8217 ; t cognize many people who see hurting as
enjoyment. Most people I know have made it a point to
enjoy themselves in so me fasion or
another, and that doesn & # 8217 ; t include the enjoyment of hurting.
& # 8220 ; Mill & # 8217 ; s overall topic is the right of the
indivieual to believe and move for himeself of herself.
For Mill this does non intend the right to believe and move
as you please ( Castell 360 ) . Eventhough Mill encouraged
independent idea and actions, he did non warrant
running about and making whatever you liked. Harmonizing
to the Hedonic Society, what they call Enlightened
Hedonism ( & # 8221 ; a realistic and humanistic lifestance
advocation the ration cultivation of pleasance and
felicity for all & # 8221 ; ) can be stated in six rules:
1. Knowledge is gained through a reasoned survey of
all available grounds.
2. In the absence of conclusive grounds for a
supernatural, moralss and morality must be based on our
life in the natural universe.
3. Pleasure and hurting are our natural agencies for
finding what is good or harmful to life.
4. Those actions are best which lead to the
greatest pleasance and felicity, or the least hurting and
agony, in the long term for all concerned.
5. Our lives are made most happy and fulfilling by
cultivating the higher pleasances of rational
development, aesthetic grasp and creativeness, and
societal bonds of friendly relationship, household and romantic love.
6. Happiness is best attained in an ambiance of
freedom, tolerance, passive resistance and diverseness.
The Hedonic society besides states that the moralss of
enlightened hedonism is a positive, dynamic and life-
confirming alternate to traditional spiritual and
In today & # 8217 ; s footings, when you hear person speak of
hedonism, your head automatically goes to tie ining
sex, orgasms, and all other types of physical pleasance
with the term hedonism. The of import thing to maintain in
head, nevertheless is that hedonism does non merely include
physical pleasance. It is possible to endeavor to accomplish
felicity and exhilaration, and at the same clip avoid
unhappiness and anxiousness. This is besides a hedonic manner of
idea. Hedonism is non the chase strictly physical.
It is possible to be intellectually hedonic every bit good.
And, Hedonism is non based entirely on the person. It
is to be the greatest sum of good possible for the
greatest sum of people.
So merely because you want to something, and carry through
riginal desire/want/need, doesn’t mean that it is
right to make it. You have to take into history what
would profit others every bit good. & # 8220 ; By each of us traveling
instantly for that which we most want, which would
give us the most pleasance, is for the greatest possible
good to be accomplished & # 8230 ; ( Stanford ) . & # 8221 ;
Mill says that the ideal manner to be is a small spot
of both physically and intellectually hedonic. He
introduces the Competent Judge Test ( CJT ) to conflict
common expostulations he faces against hedonic
utilitarianism. The expostulation stems from the
philosophical contention between bodily ( feeding,
imbibing, and sex, but besides things like exercising ) and
rational ( art, literature, doctrine, and scientific discipline )
pleasances, and the comparative value of each of those
pleasances ( phil.tamu ) . & # 8220 ; Since hedonic useful
define felicity in footings of pleasance and the absence of
hurting, they are unfastened to the expostulation that their position
give human existences & # 8217 ; lives no higher intent than that of
any animate being. Mill calls this & # 8216 ; the philosophy of swine
objection. & # 8217 ; & # 8230 ; Mill grounds that if what gives a human
being pleasance ( and/or hurting ) is radically different than
what gives it to an animate being, so what counts as homo
felicity will be radically different & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu ) .
Intellectual pleasances are superior to the physical
pleasances, and Mill says that
his CJT proves it. & # 8220 ; Of tow pleasances, if there be one
to which all of about all who have experience of both
give a distinct penchant, irrespective or any feeling
of moral duty to prefer it, that is the more
desirable pleasance & # 8221 ; ( phil.tamu ) .
Mill has four different constituents that are a portion
of the testing of qualitative high quality ;
1 ) Who the competent Judgess are ; 2 ) What sort of
bulk of them must give ; 3 ) What sort of penchant
to one sort of pleasance over another for it to be judged
the higher choice pleasance ; and
4 ) What this qualitative difference implies about the
comparative value of pleasance of the two sorts.
He besides presents the Four Steps of CJT ; 1 )
Identify the competent Judgess ; 2 ) See if any of them
prefer Ten over Y ; 3 ) Ask if the penchant for X over Y
is shared by certain features ;
4 ) If # 3 is true, so we are justified in reasoning
that X is someway superior ( phil.tamu ) .
Mill says that if you substitute rational
pleasances for & # 8220 ; X & # 8221 ; and bodily pleasances for & # 8220 ; Y, & # 8221 ; so & # 8220 ; X & # 8221 ;
is & # 8220 ; qualitatively superior & # 8221 ; to & # 8220 ; Y. & # 8221 ; However, like I
stated above, each individual in their ain facet has some
hedonism in them someplace. I would reason that in order
to hold a comparatively balanced life, you would include
and rational facets of your life. Whether or non
you would be labeled a & # 8220 ; Hedonist & # 8221 ; would stay to be
seen. If you incorporate the greater demands of others
into your single immediate demands, so technically,
yes, that would be Hedonism. But, I would venture to
state that you would be labeled & # 8220 ; a nice person. & # 8221 ;
Castell, Alburey, et al. , Introduction to Moern
Doctrine: Analyzing the Human Condition. ( New
Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001 ) .
& # 8220 ; Hedonism. & # 8221 ; Stanford University ( online )
www.stanford.edu/~quixote/philosophies.htm # hedonism*
. ( 12/03/2001 ) .
& # 8220 ; John Stuart Mill. & # 8221 ; unknown ( on-line ) *www-/
( 12/03/2001 ) .
& # 8220 ; What is Enlightened Hedonism? & # 8221 ; Hedonic Society
( online ) *www.hedonicsociety.org/custom/html* .
( 12/03/2001 ) .