Henry The Viii And His Six Wiv
Essay, Research Paper
King Henry VIII, 2nd boy of Henry VII, was the most formidable and celebrated male monarch who of all time reigned in England. Because he wanted a male inheritor, he married six different times throughout his reign. He married for both political and formal grounds.
Henry Tudor, named after his male parent, Henry VII, was born June 28, 1491 in Greenwich Palace, London. Since he was the 2nd boy, and non expected to go male monarch, there is small to happen out about his childhood. After Arthur, his older brother, died, Henry was left inheritor to the throne.
Henry s instruction had been highly thorough. He could talk and compose fluid Gallic and Latin, understood Italian good and spoke it a small, and by 1520 was conversant with Spanish. He loved reading. His literary endowments extended to passionate love letters, every bit good as poesy. His main involvement was theology. He was a maestro of doctrinal argument. He was good at mathematics, and besides keenly interested in uranology.
Henry VII died on April 22, 1509 and his boy became Henry VIII. Henry was merely diffident of 18 old ages old when he became male monarch, and had been fixing for it from the clip of his older brother Arthur s decease. At this age he was really fine-looking. He was really tall with wide shoulders, besides with strong athletic limbs, and just tegument. Henry s coevalss thought he was the most soft and amiable prince in the universe. He was speedy to express joy and intelligent, with a gay expression. He had great personal appeal and a strong personality that won aureate sentiments.
Henry VIII professed all his life a deep and sincere religion in God, and for many old ages regarded himself as a true boy of the Church of Rome. He was known to go to every bit many as six multitudes in a individual twenty-four hours, and at least three on yearss when he hunted.
Apart from faith, Henry loved gaming, good nutrient, and dancing, in which he did fantastic things, both in dance and jumping, turn outing himself tireless. He was obsessional about hunting, which he preferred above all else. Henry hunted throughout the twelvemonth, both for pleasance and to supply for his tabular array.
Bing an first-class equestrian and an expert in the soldierly humanistic disciplines, Henry was besides passionately fond of that other great mediaeval athletics, the jousting tourney, which was about a hebdomadal event during the early old ages of his reign. He was a all right jouster who was conspicuous in the combats, both on horseback and on pes, stand outing everyone else every bit much in legerity at interrupting lances as in nobility of stature.
Another athletics at which he excelled was tennis, non the game played at Wimbledon today, but royal ( existent ) tennis played on a difficult, enclosed tribunal. Henry s tribunal is preserved at Hampton Court, an raw and more unsafe game.
Henry besides enjoyed Hawking, running the ring, projecting the saloon, wrestle, and archery. He practiced daily at the archery butts and passed a jurisprudence necessitating every adult male in England to pass an hr making the same on Saturday afternoons, such was his religion in the repute of the longbow as the traditional instrument of English military success. He himself could pull the bow with greater strength than any adult male in England.
Henry s first married woman, Catherine of Aragon was plump, reasonably, and had beautiful red-gold hair that hung below her hips when loose. She was the widow of King Henry VIII s older brother, Arthur. Catherine was left widowed after a twelvemonth of matrimony when Arthur died in 1501. It was King Henry VII s deceasing want for his boy, Henry, to get married Catherine of Aragon. It was of import for Henry to maintain the confederation between England and Spain. A pact was signed that would let Catherine to get married the following inheritor to the throne. Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were married in private on June 11, 1509, the feast twenty-four hours of St. Barnabas, in her cupboard at Greenwich. Catherine did non order manner. She had all the personal qualities needed for a Queen of England. She had strong rules, and put a high moral tone for her family. Catherine s love for Henry was a deep love and would last until decease, as in everything else. She received a good instruction, compared to or better than that given to most misss of her rank. The Queen was literate, good read and thoroughly conversant with the Scriptures. Between the old ages 1510 and 1518, Catherine gave birth to six kids, including two boies, but all except one girl, Mary, were stillborn or died in early babyhood. Catherine was unable to supply a male inheritor for King Henry VIII, which finally led to the terminal of their matrimony. The King s Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cromwell, had their matrimony annulled.
Anne Boleyn was the 2nd married woman of King Henry VIII. They were in private married in January 1533, but the matrimony did non go known until Easter of that twelvemonth. She was intelligent and witty, and in her younger old ages, she was sweet and cheerful. She loved chancing, played both cards and die, had a gustatory sensation for vino, and enjoyed a gag. She was besides fond of runing. Later in the old ages, she became indiscreet, chesty, and vindictive in her intervention of her enemies. She was regarded as immoral from Thursday
vitamin E foremost merely because she was the other adult female in the King s life. Her enemies idea of her as a she-devil, a tigress, and the writer of all the mischievousness that was go oning. Anne Boleyn was female parent of the hereafter Queen Elizabeth I, born in September of 1533. During their matrimony Henry rapidly lost involvement in Anne and began to hold personal businesss with other adult females. All Anne had to make to salvage their matrimony was provide a male inheritor for the King. After two efforts she failed. Committed to the Tower of London, Anne was charged with criminal conversation and alleged to hold been involved in several personal businesss. On May 19, 1536, she was convicted by a consentaneous ballot and beheaded.
Jane Seymour, the female parent of King Edward VI, was the 3rd married woman of King Henry VIII. The day of the month of her birth has been estimated as 1509-1510. Jane greatly admired Queen Catherine and subsequently used her as her ain function theoretical account when she herself became queen. As an grownup, she could read and subscribe her ain name. The instruction that was provided for her the usual feminine accomplishments such as family direction, needlecraft and cooking. She enjoyed out-of-door athleticss, holding been taught to sit at an early age, and as a queen she would bask the undermentioned Hunt. Jane was the girl of one of the King s knights. In Henry s efforts to win Jane, he sent her a love missive and a bag. Jane sent the missive and the bag back unopened with a affecting message about her household s award. The King promised to support the award, and they were married May 30, 1536. Jane was the first and merely married woman to supply King Henry VIII with a proper male inheritor. At two o clock in the forenoon of Friday, October 12, 1537, was born a healthy babe male child, Edward. However, Jane was unable to retrieve from the birth and died 12 yearss subsequently, October 24, 1537.
The 4th married woman of King Henry was Anne of Cleves, a German princess. Anne was of a low and soft temperament. As for her instruction, she was an adept needle adult female, could read and compose her ain linguistic communication, and was really intelligent. She did non hold no cognition of French, Latin, English, or any other linguistic communication ; nor could she sing or play a musical instrument. They were married for political grounds. Anne was chosen by Thomas Cromwell, the Lord Chancellor. This matrimony was politically convenient, as Henry needed a strong political confederation with Lutheran Germany to set up ties between England and the other Protestant states so that England would non go wholly stray. Their matrimony shortly became a political embarrassment when the confederation between the Catholic powers failed. The matrimony was annulled on July 9, 1540. Anne was rewarded with a big income every bit long as she remained in England and was given the rubric of King s Sister.
Catherine Howard, one of 10 kids of Lord Edmund Howard, was Henry s 5th married woman. Catherine was hardly literate, and her instruction had been mostly overlooked. She was a sort hearted miss and ever happy. Catherine had been a amah of award in his old matrimony to Anne of Cleves. Henry s matrimony to Anne was annulled on July 9, 1540, and he and Catherine were in secret married on July 28, 1540 and it was conducted in private by Bishop Bonner. Catherine had been antecedently engaged to her cousin, Thomas Culpepper. She was thought to hold had personal businesss with him and two others, Henry Mannock, a music instructor, and Francis Dereham. In November 1541, the King learned of these supposed personal businesss and became angry. He allowed Parliament to go through a measure of civil death declaring it lese majesty for an unchaste adult female to get married the male monarch. On February 14, 1542, two yearss after the measure was passed, Catherine was beheaded in the Tower of London for offenses of lese majesty.
Catherine Parr was King Henry VIII s sixth and last married woman. She was born around the twelvemonth 1512. She was non a pretty adult female, or a beauty, but she had nice ruddy, gilded hair and hazel eyes. Catherine s looks weren t her chief attractive forces. Peoples were drawn more to her warm and good-humored personality and her rational qualities. She was a good conversationist, and loved a friendly statement, particularly on affairs of spiritual philosophy. Catherine proved to be popular with most people, chiefly because she had a pleasant mode. They were married on July 12, 1543. Catherine was the girl of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendall, an functionary of the King s royal family. She had been married twice before her matrimony to Henry, holding been widowed first by Edward Borough, who died in 1529, and so in 1542 when her 2nd hubby, John Neville, Lord Latimer, died. Catherine was a extremely educated and profoundly spiritual adult female. She had a great influence on the male monarch as his reign ended. She brought the household shut together and developed close friendly relationships with Henry s three kids. After Henry died in January 1547, Catherine remarried a former suer, Thomas, Lord Seymour of Sudeley. She died shortly after giving birth to a girl in 1549.
At two o clock in the forenoon, on January 28, 1547, King Henry VIII gave his spirit to God and departed this universe. He was 55 old ages old. He was the most formidable and celebrated male monarch who of all time reigned in England. This was an terminal of an epoch.