Hernando Cortes And Charlemagne Essay Research Paper

9 September 2017

Hernando Cortes And Charlemagne Essay, Research Paper

In this paper I am traveling to compare and contrast the lives of Hernando Cortes and

Charlemagne. The common point I am traveling to turn out in my paper is that they were both

work forces who had other functions to play, besides suppressing lands, but at the terminal of their clip

their most influential undertaking was the enlargement of their lands for their well-thought-of parts,

and they besides defeated many strong imperiums to make so.

Carolus or in Latin Carolus Magnus which means Charles the Great ( Encarta,

Charlemagne, 1 ) was king of the Franks and emperor of the Romans who led his Frankish

ground forcess to triumph over many other peoples and states. He chiefly ruled most of western

and cardinal Europe. Charlemagne came from a really baronial household. He was the grandson of

Charles Martel, and was the boy of Peppin the Short, or Peppin III who was the first

Caroline male monarch of the Franks. ( The Middle Ages, 170 ) He has a boy by the name of Louis

the Pious ( Dictionary of Medieval Civilization, 182 ) and a brother Carloman. Carloman

shared the regulation of the Franks with him from 768 until his decease in 771.

Peppin was highly devoted to Pope Stephen II for he had crowned him, every bit good

as both his boies after he died, emperor in 754. Because of his great devotedness he rushed to

the Catholic Pope? s assistance for military aid many times. He took Charlemagne with him on most of

these expeditions, which rather perchance could hold sparked Charlemagne? s involvements for

suppressing native lands. ( The Middle Ages, 170 ) Peppin died in 768 and the

Carolus and his brother took over the land from their. Three old ages subsequently, in 771,

Carloman had an unexpected decease and the land was all Charlemagne.

In 770 Charlemagne had sought an confederation with the Langobards by get marrieding the

girl of their male monarch. After a little longer than a twelvemonth Charlemagne got ill of his married woman

and divorced her, and her male parent, Desiderius, was no longer friendly. In 772 the Catholic Pope

pleaded for aid to Charlemagne against the Lombards and Desiderius. So he fled to Italy

and despised of Desiderius and claimed himself as the emperor in 774. ( Encarta,

Charlemagne, 1 ) He returned back to Rome in order to maintain his promise with his male parent

to protect the papel powers. Between 771 and 804 he conquered Lombardy, Saxony,

Aver, and Bao and christianized them. He extended his regulation to about all of

western-Europe. ( Middle Ages, 170 ) Charlemagne? s conquerings gave him wealth and

independency for the Frankish Lords. He left his conquered peoples most of their same

Torahs and regulations but arranged them to do certain that he would hold an influence on the manner

they lived, particularly in their faith, Christianity. He strengthened his place as swayer

by directing personal representatives to all his captured lands to do certain that they were

populating the manner he wished. He even demanded for bookmans to come to his capital, Achen,

and learn him and his disposal to increase cognition in his lands. ( The Middle

Ages, 170 )

On Christmas Day, in 800 Charlemagne was crowned by Pope Leo III in Saint

Peter? s Basilica. This act claimed Charlemagne as the great, Pacific emperor of the

Romans. ( Encarta, Charlemagne, 2 ) Many people felt that Charlemagne was really

annoyed when Charlemagne was crowned by the Catholic Pope. Even though Charlemagne kept

the Catholic Pope in highest fear, he still considered him as one of his topics. He feared

future Catholic Popes would utilize this as a case in point for their right to coronate. ( Dictionary of

Medieval Civilization, 184 ) in 813 he crowned his lone lasting boy as emperor to be

sure that the Catholic Pope would non hold the power to coronate. Charlemagne spent much money

on the defence and enlargement of his lands while besides being the exclusive swayer of the Franks.

Caroluss biographer best depict his life by the followers: ? Charlemagne

was one of the great military leaders of the in-between ages. he devoted his reign to the

enlargement of the Frankish land and became swayer of most of western Europe. He

helped to resuscitate instruction and the humanistic disciplines in his land and convey them approximately in new

kingdoms. ? ( The Middle Ages, 171 )

Hernando Cortes, besides known as Hernan Cortes, was born in Medellin,

Extremadura. He studied jurisprudence at the University of Salamanaca, but cut short his university

calling to see if he could do a life in the Americas. ( Encarta, Cortes, 1 ) In the spring

of 1504 he decided to sail for Santa Domingo to get down his journey to America. There he

met a Spanish soldier and decision maker Diego Velazquez. He told Cortes of his programs of

assailing Cuba and suppressing it. In 1511 the two joined with a little force and took

over Cuba. Velazquez became the alcalde, or city manager, of Santiago de Cuba. ( Encarta,

Cortezs, 1 ) Cortes had persuaded Velazquez to give him the bid of an expedition to

Mexico. The mainland had been discovered the twelvemonth before by the Spanish and they found

wealth? that was merely beyond their ranges, ? so Velazquez agreed for Cortes to research,

trade, and hunt for Christian prisoners at that place. ( European Voyages of Exploration, 1 )

Velazquez wasn? t certain if Cortes was the right adult male because of his aspirations, his

personal precedences, and for fright of him declining to acknowledge authorization when he established

a place at that place he went to call off Cortes? permission, but it was excessively late, on February 19,

1519 with a force of around 600 mean, fewer than 20 Equus caballuss and 10 field pieces Cortezs

sailed from Cuba towards Mexico. Cortes sailed along the seashore of the Yucatan peninsula

and landed in Mexico in March of 1519. He took over many towns on his manner and

renounced Velazquez? s authorization in many of them. He looted a town of Tobasco and

at that place he learned of the wealths of the Aztecs and their swayer, Montezuma.

( Encarta, Cortes,

1 )

Cortezs so ordered his little fleet to carry those under his bid to accept

his authorization. He wrote to king Charles V and told him of the wealths of the Aztec imperium

and how he wanted to suppress them and convey back the wealths for this would be a? merely

war. ? ( European Voyages of Exploration, 2 ) The male monarch allowed for Cortes to continue on,

and he did so. His end was now to suppress Mexico, non to research, trade, and hunt for

Christian prisoners. He took legion prisoners, one of which was Malinche, who

finally became an translator, usher, and counsellor for the Spaniards.

Cortezs realized that there was no manner he could suppress the Aztec imperium entirely.

So on his March there he found as many enemies of the Aztec as he could and they became

Alliess to the Spanish. The Cempoalans and the Tlaxcalans were the most helpful Alliess. (

European Voyages of Exploration, 2 ) It took them about 3 months to make the outskirts

of the capital metropolis of the Aztec, Tenochtitlan. When they foremost arrived there the Aztec

idea that Cortes was Quetzalcoatlin, a white-skinned God of the Aztec prophesy. At

foremost the Aztec welcomed the Spaniards to take as much gold and gems as the felt like at

random throughout the town, but shortly after Montezuma and his work forces weren? Ts so friendly.

For fright of being captives to the Aztecs Cortes took Montezuma as surety and

demanded more gold for his ransom.

While Cortes was nobbling Montezuma he heard that Velazquez was directing

military personnels in to capture the rebellious Cortes. When Cortes heard this he left a 3rd of his

work forces with the Aztec and the other two-thirds went with him. They captured Narvaez, the

individual sent by Velazquez, and killed him. ( Encarta, Cortes, 3 ) Most of Velazquez? s work forces

went back with Cortes to the Aztec imperium. While Cortes was gone he had left, Pedro de

Alvarado in charge. His rough regulation sparked a rebellion of the Aztec when Cortes came back.

Cortezs demanded that Montezuma told his people to stop the rebellion, and when he did he

was stoned and died.

The Aztec were to strong for the Spaniards at foremost so they had to withdraw to the

Tlaxcalan? s land until they were healthy once more. In 1521 the Spaniards and their Alliess

blockaded the metropolis so that nil could acquire out, and a serious eruption of variola and

other diseases broke out, the Aztec were non immune to such disease so they could non

defend themselves. Finally Cortes pushed into the metropolis and destroyed everything including

the staying subsisters.

Cortezs? hoped that his direction of Spanish land in the Americas would decide

him of the rebellion against Velazquez harmonizing the Spanish Crown. He was right, and

had received many wealths, a rubric of aristocracy, and celebrity. After the licking of the Aztecs

Cortezs pushed the boundaries of that imperium and Spanish power spread quickly through

the imperium. His action was one of the individual largest add-ons of land and hoarded wealth to the

Spanish Empire of all time secured by an person. ( European Voyages of Exploration, 3 )

The common nexus I found between these two work forces are that they both had other

undertakings in head, but in the terminal they both ended up spread outing land in a immense manner for their

states and they were besides great vanquishers. Charlemagne? s chief desire was to be the

exclusive swayer of the Frankish land. By the terminal of his calling he was the exclusive swayer of the

Roman Empire and of about all of western-Europe. Cortes merely wanted to travel to the

United states to get down a new life, but alternatively he met up with Velazquez and ended up

suppressing the full Aztec imperium about single-handedly.

These two work forces had performed some singular undertakings. The sum of lands they

captured was impossible. They both conquered their lands with really small aid from any

other foreigners. Charlemagne had aid from the Lombards, and Cortezs from other Alliess

that were enemies of the Aztec, but they both did non hold a great figure of work forces to assist

them do it. I believe that both work forces used their encephalon, non strength, to get the better of their enemies

and take over their lands. Charlemagne figured there was no manner that his conquered lands

could acquire away with anything they shouldn? Ts so he decided to direct representatives to his

conquered lands to do certain everything was traveling swimmingly. Besides, Charlemagne was

ever holding bookmans come to his land to learn him and his people to increase their

cognition. Cortes tricked the Aztecs into believing that he was a God and as a consequence they

gave him many wealths.

One of the biggest similarities I see between the two me are that their conquerings

earned them celebrity and wealths. Cortezs? conquering of the Aztecs was one of the greatest

achievements for the Spanish of all time, ( Encarta, Cortes, 3 ) and Charlemagne? s conquerings

gave him chief celebrity in his calling. ( Dictionary of Medieval Civilization, 182 ) The

accomplishments are highly singular for adventurers and conquers, but it seems to be

even more singular for these to work forces sing Charlemagne was merely supposed to

regulation the Franks, and Cortes was merely supposed to merchandise and research in the Americas.



? Charlemagne, ? Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia Microsoft Corporation: New York,


? Cortezs, Hernan, ? Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia Microsoft Corporation: New

York, 1993-1997.

Dahmus, Joseph. Dictionary of Medieval Civilization. pgs. 182-184. Macmillan

Printing Company ; New York, 1984.

The European Voyages of Exploration. University of Calgary Department of History:

The Applied Research Group, 1997 ; www.acs.ucalgary.ca/hist/tutor

Jordan, William. The Middle Ages. Vol. 1. Simon and Schuster Macmillan ; New York,


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