Herodotus Essay Research Paper Herodotus 484424 BC

9 September 2017

Herodotus Essay, Research Paper

Herodotus ( 484-424 BC? ) a Grecian historiographer, known as the male parent of history, who was the first historiographer to use critical rating to his stuff, while besides entering divergent sentiments. He made his prose manner resemble the finest poesy by its strength, its appeal, and its utterly delicious consequence. Although his Hagiographas have been praised, their trustiness has been questioned both in antediluvian and modern times. After four old ages in Athens, he traveled widely in Egypt, Asia and the Black Sea part of E. Europe, before settling at Thurii in S. Italy in 443 BC. He wrote histories of his assorted travels for the people of Greece. He read his, & # 8220 ; History & # 8221 ; publically to the Athenians and was rewarded for this historical work. He contrived to put before his chap citizens a general image of the universe, of its assorted races, and of the old history of those states which had one. He besides was really careful to diversify his pages by dispersing among his more serious affair narratives, anecdotes, and descriptions of a lighter character, which are really graceful add-ons to the chief narrative. Two work forces are celebrated coevalss of Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon, who were both from Athens. Thucydides ( 460 BC & # 8211 ; 400 BC? ) was a better historiographer than Herodotus and his critical usage of beginnings and research made his & # 8220 ; History of the Peloponnesian War & # 8221 ; a important influence on ulterior coevalss of historiographers. Xenophon ( 430 BC & # 8211 ; 355 BC? ) began his & # 8220 ; Hellenica where Thucydides ended his work about 411 BC and carried his history to 362 BC. His Hagiographas were superficial in comparing to those of Thucydides, but he wrote with authorization on military matters.Herodotus believed that many Grecian rites and imposts were inherited from the Egyptians as the Grecian civilisation developed. He recorded the broad scope of spiritual patterns he encountered in his travels, comparing the spiritual observations of assorted civilizations, such as forfeit and worship, with their Grecian equivalents. He rather perchance followed the cult patterns of Serapis, which is the Grecian Name for Osiris the incarnation of goodness, who ruled the underworld. He identified Isis with Demeter, the Greek goddess of Earth, agribusiness, and birthrate. About two centuries subsequently, under the Greco-Egyptian Empire, which was created by Alexander the Great, the worship of Osiris ( Serapis ) was developed as a agency

of uniting the Greeks and Egyptians. He observed that the Egyptians strongly opposed the acceptance of foreign customs. However, at Chemmis, at large city near Neapolis, the people worshipped Perseus, a Greek god. Greek ceremonies were used and gymnastic games were held in his honor. Chemmites believed that Perseus belonged to their city by descent.His account of the mourning practices relates to the artwork of the “Wall Painting at Hierakonpolis” of the late pre-dynastic period. In the painting, a funerary scene is depicted with people, animals, and boats. In the boats, there are tombs and mourning women. Herodotus states that during the mourning the women would wander through the streets weeping with their bare breasts exposed beating themselves for seventy (70) days and would sing the song of Maneros, the funeral dirge. This customary song of Maneros (in Egypt) is identical to the song called Linus (in Greece). While this mourning period was occurring the body was taken to a professional embalmer, who would remove the brain (through the nostrils) and the other organs and treat the body inside with drugs, spices, and oils. They would then place the body entirely in natrum for seventy (70) days. After that exact time the body was washed, and wrapped in linen bandages from head to foot covered in gum that was used as glue, and given back to the family for burial. When a foreigner lost his life by falling prey to a crocodile or by drowning in the Nile River, the law allowed for the body to be embalmed in the manner such as the treatment of a wealthy Egyptian. This was done because of the beliefs of Egyptians that the death of such a manner transcends the body as something more than just a mere man. Works CitedBlakeney, E.H.. The Histories of Herodotus. Trans. George Rawlinson. New York. Everymans Library Series, E.P. Dutton, 1970.”Greek Mythology.” Microsoft ? Encarta ? 98 Encyclopedia. ? 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.”Herodotus.” Microsoft ? Encarta ? 98 Encyclopedia. ? 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.”Isis (mythology).” Microsoft ? Encarta ? 98 Encyclopedia. ? 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.”Religion.” Microsoft? Encarta ? 98 Encyclopedia. ? 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.”History Part V.” Webster’s Encyclopedia. Webster’s Interactive Encyclopedia 1998.? Encore Software. 1998 Helicon Publishing Ltd. CD

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