Historical Periods in Music
It also mediated between the earthly and the divine. ; It was trough art that the church revealed its earthly and divine power ; Monophonic was the principal texture for music of this period until polyphony was developed by the end of the era Different chants from the sacred text HAKE DIES (on this day) 1. Gregorian chant: this particular chant is responsible, where a soloist and a choir alternate in a manner of call and response 2. Organ: First type of polyphony.
The new over the old: faster line (voice) over a slow Gregorian chant, which is mostly indistinguishable and symbolic 3.Motet: polluted vocal composition (polyphonic). The Instrumental line Is based on the original Gregorian chant Syllable singing: when you have a note for every syllable Ameliorates singing: Many notes per syllable The Renaissance (1450-1600) ; It was the next phase In a cultural process that, under the leadership of the church, universities and princely courts, had long been under way ; This era marks the passing of European society from an orientation to a more secular one, and from an age of unquestioning faith to one of belief in reason and scientific inquiry.The Ochs of human destiny was seen to be life on earth rather tan the here after ; People began to rely more on the evidence of the senses.This awakening found its Some characteristics that set the difference between the renaissance and medieval culture ; Introduction of gunpowder Development of the compass, which enabled voyages of discovery ; The discovery of the Americas, which had an essential influence on European economy and society ; Culture spreads more equitably with the introduction of printing, helping revive ancient writings ; Support to musicians of the sixteenth century came from the most important social institutions: church, city and the state, as well as from royal and aristocratic courts.Great instrumental and vocal techniques ; Evolution of harmony and structure Interest for homophony (texture where a single melody stands out) ;Basso continuo: musical accompaniment by two instrumentalists, usually cello and ripcords. One played the bas line while the other played the harmonies (chords) Baroque musical style Vigorous rhythm Continuous melody Greater use of dissonance (for dramatic purposes ) of the affections: a piece or movement was built on a single affection, sometimes using the technique of text painting.