History of St. Valentine’s Day
History of St. Valentine’s Day Introduction: Saint Valentine’s Day (commonly shortened to Valentine’s Day) is an annual commemoration (celebration) held on February 14 celebrating love and affection between intimate companions. The day is named after one or more early Christian martyrs(s somebody who suffers death for the people) named Valentine. It is traditionally a day on which lovers express their love for each other by presenting flowers,is the set of food items that are rich in sugar), and sending greeting cards (known as “valentines”). Modern Valentine’s Day symbols include the heart-shaped outline, doves, and the figure of the winged Cupid (winged boy). Since the 19th century, handwritten valentines have largely given way to mass-produced greeting cards and the oldest known Valentine card is on display at the British Museum. By the end of the century, printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology.
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Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged.
Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the opularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings. According to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated one billion valentine cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year (An estimated 2. 6 billion cards are sent for Christmas. ). Approximately 85 percent of all valentines are purchased by women. In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France, and Australia. Ђ The first commercial Valentine’s Day greeting cards produced in the U. S. were reated in the 1840s by Esther A. Howland. Howland, known as the Mother of the Valentine, made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colourful pictures known as “scrap. ” Who was valentine? The Saint Valentine that appears in various martyrologies in connection with A priest in Rome, A bishop, or A martyr in the Roman province of Africa. History: (And coming to St . valentine day was supposedly started in the time of the Roman Empire.
In Ancient Rome, the date of February 14 was a holiday to honour the Queen of Roman Goddesses and Gods, Juno. Juno was known as the Goddess of women and arriage. The next day February 15 was the first day of the Festival known as the Feast of Lupercia. ) On February 14 is was said that the young boys and girls of the villages would write down the names of every girl and place these names in a Jar of which each young man would have to draw a name of a girl and this particular maiden would be their partner for the duration of the festival. Sometimes these parings would last a year and end up in marriage. Ђ These rituals under the laws of Claudius were banned as the Emperor believed that the reasons why men would ow go to war were because they did not want to leave their lovers or families. As a result all marriages and engagements were cancelled as a result Saint Valentine a Roman priest was said to have married these couples in secret and for this he was executed on the 14th day of February. While St Valentine was in Jail it is said that he fell in love with the Jailers’ daughter. By a miracle or some say by the prayers of Valentine she gained her sight and as a last farewell in a note he was to “From Your Valentine”. Ђ Another story as to the origins of Valentine’s Day was that he as a priest who was also a physician and would cure the sick. He was also said to have tried to cure the Jailers blind daughter, but, was arrested and on the day of his execution he wrote a note as a final farewell saying “From your Valentine” which some say is what caused her to gain her sight. It is also said while he was in Jail awaiting execution that he was sent little notes and flowers from the children whom he had helped when they were sick. This also may have been one of the reasons why he sent a farewell note to the Jailers’ daughter and why we send valentines.
Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14 of each year; the reason why it is celebrated on this day is because this was the day that the Patron Saint of Lovers “St Valentine” was supposedly executed on. On this day lovers all around the world mark this occasion as a day for sending poems, cards, flowers or candy, etc. They might also be a social gathering or ball to mark the occasion. Valentine Traditions Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on Valentine’s Day. They went singing from home to home. One verse they sang was: Good morning to you, valentine;
Curl your locks as I do mine Two before and three behind. Good morning to you, valentine. In Wales wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th. Hearts, keys and keyholes were favourite decorations on the spoons. The decoration meant, “You unlock my heart! ” In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be. They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week. To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling. Ђ In some countries, a means she will marry him. Ђ Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine’s Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire. A love seat is a wide chair. It was first made to seat one woman and her wide dress. Later, the love seat or courting seat had two sections, often in an S-shape. In this way, a couple could sit together but not too closely! Ђ Think of five or six names of boys or girls you might marry, As you twist the stem of an apple, recite the names until the stem comes off. You will marry the person whose name you were saying when the stem fell off. Picka dandelion that has gone to seed. Take a deep breath and blow the seeds into the wind. Count the seeds that remain on the stem. That is the number of children you will have. If you cut an apple in half and count how many seeds are inside, you will also know how many children you will have. How did flowers and lace Join Valentine’s Day?
Most of the items linked to Valentine’s Day came from old-fashioned customs that used lace handkerchiefs and floral bouquets to pass on non-verbal messages. When the custom went out of style for everyday use, the original meaning was lost and eventually they became part of the Valentine’s Day tradition. Giving flowers dates back to the 1700s when Charles II of Sweden introduced the Persian custom of “the language of flowers” to Europe. Books about the meanings of particular flowers were published, and entire conversations could be carried out using only a bouquet of flowers.
The rose has become the traditional Valentine’s Day flower. As it has always been a popular flower, the meaning of the red rose is still well known as the flower of passion and love. The red rose is also the favourite flower of Venus, the goddess of love, which helped give the rose its symbolic meaning. Lace Centuries ago, a woman would drop her handkerchief in front of the man she liked. This was a form of encouragement to him, and if he picked it up for her an introduction could be made. Lace has always been part of women’s handkerchiefs, and it has since been linked to romance.
Cupid He is the winged child whose arrows are shot into the hearts of potential lovers. His victims are supposed to fall deeply in love with someone. In both Greek and Roman mythology Cupid is the son of the goddess of love and is always part of elebration of love and lovers. The heart The heart is linked to Valentine’s Day because it was once considered the source of all human emotions. The custom of drawing a heart shape is believed to come from early attempts to draw an organ no one had ever seen. The symbol progressed to become known as a sign of love.
It’s for the birds: Lovebirds are often part of Valentine’s Day. Found in Africa, these brightly coloured birds sit very close together with their mates, earning them their name. Doves are also part of the tradition. They are symbols of love and loyalty because they mate for life. A pair of doves will also share the care of all their babies. Love knots A love knot is a symbol of everlasting love, because its winding loops have no prove ones undying love. Celebrations: In India, in the past Valentine’s Day has been explicitly discouraged by activists.
Since 2001 there has been protests opposing it as “cultural pollution from the West”. Those who violate this are dealt with harshly, chasing young people holding hands and others suspected to be lovers. Despite complaints from religious groups that it is an affront to Indian tradition and culture, and further westernizing the Indian opulous, Valentine’s Day has now become a widely recognized and celebrated day with Indian people. Traditionally, the choice of whom a young girl marries, was usually made by her parents.
Now though, many educated and professional women in India are following their own hearts, and the young men have also discovered that Valentine’s Day offers an opportunity to lure the young women their way. The Indian Post Office is also cashing in. It has launched a set of floral-scented stamps for Valentine’s Day and hopes this will encourage people to send letters and cards to ach other, rather than relying on emails and text messages to express their love. Traditional Indian society does not approve of public displays of affection between men and women, including hand-holding and kissing.