Hofstede Dimension For China Vs USA
Individuals are influenced formal authority and decision Individuals are generally optimistic about superior’s capacity for leadership and initiative. People should not have aspirations beyond their rank.
For United States, PDP is fairly low at 40 and this can be attributed to the American advocate of liberty and justice for all where there is clear emphasis on equal rights in all aspects of American society. Power is widely shared. The organization’s hierarchy is established for convenience where superiors are accessible and managers rely on individual employees and teams for their expertise.Both managers and employees expect to be consulted and information is shared frequently. At the same time, communication is informal, direct and participative to a degree. Individualism is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. It has to do with whether people ‘ s self-image is defined in terms of “l” or ‘MIS’.
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In Individualist societies people are supposed to look after themselves and their direct family only. In Collectivist societies people belong to ‘in groups’ that take care of them in exchange for loyalty.For China, DIVIDE is low at 20 and it means China is a highly collectivist culture where people act in the interests of the group and not necessarily of themselves. Hiring and promotions are influenced by ‘in- group” considerations in providing preferential treatment to related member. Employee commitment to the organization is low. Relationships with colleagues are cooperative for in-groups Relationship with colleagues are cold or even hostile for out-groups. Personal relationships prevail over task and company.
For United States, DIVIDE is high at 91 and it means united States is a highly individualistic culture where people act to look after themselves and their direct family only. The society is loosely-knit in which people look after themselves and their immediate families only and should not rely (too much) on authorities for support. American Expiates hardly develop deep friendships. Americans are expected to be self-reliant and proactive. Hence, they are used to doing business or interact with people they don’t know well. For hiring and promotion, they are based on merit or one’s performance rather than by relationship of “in-group”.Masculinity.
A high MASS means that the dominant values in society are competition, achievement and success, with success being defined by the winner. A low MASS (feminine) means that the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. The quality of life is success. The main difference between masculine and feminine is the former is being motivated by the desire Of being the best while the latter is being motivated by the desire of liking what one do. For China, MASS is fairly high at 66 and this means China is a masculine society that is success-oriented/ driven.This is evidenced by the fact that many Chinese will sacrifice family and leisure time for work: Examples service people will work very late at night; Migrated farmer workers will leave their families behind in faraway places in order to obtain better work and pay in the cities. Chinese students care very much about their exam scores and ranking.
For United States, MASS is also fairly high at 62. This can be explained by the combination of its high MASS and very high DIVIDE where Americans generally show their masculine drive individually.American’s behaviors are based on the shared values that people would “strive to be the best they can be” and that ‘the winner takes all”. Hence, Americans tend to show off one’s success as the motivator Many American assessment systems are based on precise goal setting because American employees like to show how well a job they did. American adopts a “can-do” mentality that there is always the possibility to do things in a better way uncertainty avoidance: refers to the extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions to try to avoid these.For China, LISA is low at 30 and this means hat the Chinese are comfortable with ambiguity. The Chinese language is full of ambiguous meanings that can be difficult for Western people to follow.
Chinese are adaptable and entrepreneurial pragmatism is a fact of life for Chinese adherence to laws and rules may be flexible to suit the actual situation For United States, AAU is fairly low at 46 and this means that Americans do not require a lot Of rules and are willingly to accept new and innovative ideas and to try something new. Uncertainty is tolerated in the belief that it will facilitate innovation.