How Does Scrooge Change over the Course of the Book

3 March 2017

How does Scrooge change over the course of the book? At the beginning of the book, “A Christmas Carol”, Ebenezer Scrooge starts off as a bitter, greedy and unthankful old man without a Christmas spirit. He is lone and solitary, and his only friend is money. However, when he is visited by three Christmas spirits, to help him change his ways, towards the end of the book he becomes a different man. I think the author, Charles Dickens, wrote this book (in Victorian London) when he witnessed even poor children with no money, who embraced Christmas with a jolly Christmas spirit.

I think the moral that this book is supposed to teach us is that you don’t need money to enjoy Christmas and we should all embrace it with joy. I think that Ebenezer Scrooges childhood and background had a big effect on his life as he got older. For example, as a child he was often neglected by his friends and was so lone and solitary that he often had imaginary friends. This had an effect on him as when he grew up he started to think that friends were not important. Also, in the book there is a quote; “The school is not quite deserted. A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there still. This means that he was neglected by his friends and was all alone during his school years. In the book, Scrooge was given a warning by a ghost. This ghost was Jacob Marley, who was Scrooge’s business partner in life. He warned Scrooge that he should change his ways, otherwise he would be visited by three ghosts who would haunt him. In the book, there is a quote ““I am here tonight to warn you that you have yet a chance and hope of escaping my fate. ” This was when he was visited by Jacob Marley’s ghost, on Christmas Eve, who warned him to change his ways.

After Scrooge was visited by the ghost of Marley, he didn’t want to come face to face with the fact that he would have to remember his past which he has long tried to forget. Later that night he was visited by the ghost of Christmas Past. The ghost took him to the school where he was raised as a child, and where he suffered neglect from his friends. He then took Scrooge to see more. He took him to the place where he once worked, and Scrooge saw his glorious boss Fezziwig, and he witnessed the Christmas party where he met the love of his life, Belle.

However, he was then taken to a scene where he saw Belle leave him, because of the fact that she noticed that he was more attached to money than her. At this scene, Scrooge said “No more! I don’t wish to see it. Show me no more! ” This was because he was ashamed of his past and he knew that he was wrong but didn’t want to admit it. Not long after that, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of Christmas Present. The ghost shows him what Christmas is like for other people and what joys it brings.

The ghost takes Scrooge to see the family of Scrooge’s hardworking worker, Bob Cratchit. Even though his family is poor, and their son Tiny Tim is crippled, they still have a Christmas spirit. Scrooge is feeling sorry for Tiny Tim, and turns to the spirit and says “Will he die? ” At this point in the book, Scrooge starts to realize that he has been selfish and greedy. Next, the ghost of Christmas Present takes Scrooge to witness how his nephew is celebrating his Christmas with joy, which makes Scrooge feel like he is being too harsh on himself.

Finally, the ghost of Christmas Present takes Scrooge to see what he thought of Christmas before he was visited by the ghosts. He takes Scrooge back to the scene where Scrooge was paid a visit by two kind men who were collecting for an orphan’s charity, and asked Scrooge for a donation. However Scrooge’s response was “Are there no prisons? No workhouses? ” to which one of the men replied “Err, yes, sir, but they would die”. Scrooge then responded “Well then! They had better do it and decrease the surplus population! Not much later, Scrooge is then visited by the ghost of Christmas Future. He takes Scrooge to witness what his own death will be like, and how miserable it will be. Scrooge has by now realized how dreadful, selfish and greedy he was, and he is horrified to realise that his death is near and he will die a miserable one. Scrooge wants this to change, and on page 88 he says “I will not shut out the lessons that they teach! ” This is because the Ghosts have given him a chance for him to change his ways, and embrace a Christmas spirit.

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