How Far Was the February Revolution Caused by the Length of World War One? Essay Sample
The February revolution was caused by the length of World War One to a big extent. if the war wasn’t so long. the revolution wouldn’t have happened. However the revolution was besides caused by Nicholas’ hapless political determinations. which didn’t have anything to make with the length of the war. Russia decided to travel to war in 1914 because Nicholas II and his curates felt they had a good ground to travel to war. Russia had at least two chances to win the war nevertheless their slow modernization in industrialization meant they were at a disadvantage because they couldn’t maintain up with the societal and economic alterations caused by the war. Between August and September 1914 Russia’s opportunities of triumph over Germany and Austria-Hungary were ruined at the conflicts of Tannenburg and Masurin lakes. There failure was wholly down to bad administration and bad co-ordination between the ground forcess of Alexader Samsonov and Pavel Rennenkampf.
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Samsonov finally shot himself after his ground forces were surrounded but Rennenkampf executed a adept retreat at the Masurin lakes so that his first ground forces could avoid the destiny of Samsonov’s 2nd ground forces.
The Tannenburg and Masurin lakes killed over 230. 000 Russians. about twice every bit many as the Germans. and the conflicts helped to equalize the forces contending the First World War. which meant there was an addition in the war being an even longer battle. In November 1914 General Nikolai Ivanov said that “it is impossible to observe Stavka’s instructions either an exact undertaking or fixed nonsubjective. ” Stavka was the name given to the bid of the first Russian ground forces. He didn’t set up an heavy weapon subdivision until early 1916. so until this was set up. Stavka had no thought how many shells the Russian ground forces possessed. This explains why in May to June 1915 Stavka blamed Russia’s ‘problems’ on a shell deficit. However the shell deficit gave Stavka an alibi to avoid a reappraisal of its planning and control. This made the revolution probably because it meant that the ground forces were truly embarrassed. the shell deficits besides proved the disorganization that the Russian ground forces had and so the Tsar The military failures had an consequence on the length of the war because the more Russia lost. the more they had to contend to seek and contend back the humiliation.
The socio-economic impact of the war was slow to take consequence because the authorities had to trust on imports. Plans were implemented to pitch the industrial end products to the demands of the war. Artillery production rose by 400 per centum in the first two old ages of the war and mills were converted to armaments production. Fuel deficits increased and so did the monetary values so the rising prices shortly led to an addition in the printing of money. This made people truly angry. and as the length of the war began to increase. the choler people had began to increase. Railways were blocked by the transit of military personnels and their equipment significance that the transit of nutrient was slowed down massively. this was besides bad because most of the nutrient that so was produced was sent to the ground forces and so the people of Russia were shortly left starvation. increasing their choler degrees even more. The monetary values of meat rose by 30 per centum and the monetary value of flour increased by 200 per centum. This was likely to do a revolution because all of these alterations to the Russian people’s society and economic system meant that protests and work stoppages occurred and more radical groups were made. and so the authorities found it hard to maintain control over the distant parts of the Empire.
The socio-economic impact was to make with the length of the war because as the war grew longer. more money was spent on funding things like nutrient for the ground forces. which made more people hungry. angry. and increased the sum of protests. Nicholas’ married woman Alexandra was an Anglo-German princess ; this was bad for Nicholas straight off because a batch of Russian people believed she was a German undercover agent. Over the old ages 1915-1916 Alexandra built a strong friendly relationship with a faith therapist. Rasputin. Rasputin’s power and friendly relationship with the czarina meant that he could act upon her in pick of many things including her pick of curates and assignments. Nicholas was pressured by the czarina and so he left to contend in the ground forces. this left Alexandra and Rasputin in charge. The bond between Rasputin and Alexandra so became unbreakable and people had intuitions that they were holding an matter. Rasputin so used his influence to derive both church and authorities places for his friends. They frequently sacked a batch of minsters. Alexandra had control over largely everything else and Nicholas was cut off from information about the state of affairs in Petrograd. This made a revolution probably because people were angry with Alexandra’s determinations and this made them angry at the czar.
This links to the length of the war because whilst the czar was off contending. it left Alexandra and Rasputin in leading for a longer clip period. During the summer of 1915 the Sukhomlinov matter illustrated Nicholas’ failings and marked the beginning of a crisp political crisis. Within the Duma. a new broad alliance of Kadets. Octoberists and Progressists emerged ; it had a bulk and called itself the Progressive Bloc. The purpose of the Bloc was to promote the czar to organize a Ministry of Public assurance which would include some of its leaders. The Bloc had a demand to give the tsarist regime the broader base if public support it needed to contend a hard. dearly-won war. From the czars point of position it looked like another effort to cut down the autocracy’s power. or an extension of the duma’s against curates it didn’t like. like Sukhomlinov. Nicholas decided to take two classs of action ; foremost he compromised with the Bloc by naming a clasp of broad curates. Then he dismissed them and appointed himself figurehead commander-in-chief. The Duma was so closed down temporarily and forced to witness the civilian authorities falling under the influence of the czarina and Rasputin.
This was likely to do a revolution because the czar didn’t listen to the people. he did what he wanted and what he thought was best. which made the people of Russia and members of the Progressive Bloc even more angry. nevertheless this is non linked to the length of the war. it is strictly down to Nicholas’ hapless political determinations. The winter of 1916 was cold and difficult for the people of Russia. Workers in the metropolis were angry because of the cold conditions. and the fact that the fuel and nutrient deficits caused by the war. was hungering them. On Thursday 23rd February. on the forenoon International Women’s Day. ladies from within the society- largely provincials. went into the streets and protested due to anti-government feelings in Petrograd. By the afternoon adult females had gone into mills and taunted work forces. naming them cowards if they wouldn’t back up them. Women ropeway drivers went on work stoppage and blocked off the streets and shortly plenty a immense crowd gathered in the chief street of Petrograd as the dissenters started to garner impulse.
On the 24-25th February demands for staff of life were accompanied by demands for an terminal to the war and an terminal to the czar. By the 26th February the Tsar had had plenty. He demanded that soldiers joined the demonstrators. he told them to fire at the dissenters. Some regiments opened fire on the crowds but some refused. They thought that if they went out to war. they were traveling to decease anyhow. so traveling against the czar and non opening fire was a hazard they were willing to take because they felt that it was unjust on the people. On the twenty-seventh February the Duma formed a particular commission made up of reps from chief political parties. prisons were opened and the captives released.
By the 2nd March the czar abdicated himself and his ill boy in favor of his brother Michael. but Michael refused and the Romanov dynasty came to an terminal. The duma commission so set about organizing a new authorities. This was the trigger of the revolution because the czar eventually listened to the people and accomplished things had to alter. This is linked to the length of the war because. if the war wasn’t so long. the people of Russia wouldn’t have been angry because of the supplies being so low. their hours being increased and being paid lupus erythematosus. so at that place would hold been nil to protest approximately. Overall many of the factors did reasoning backward because of the length of the war doing the revolution ; nevertheless Nicholas’ determination to open fire on the crowds was besides a cause of the revolution. To reason. the February revolution was caused by the length of the war to a big extent. but the length of the war was non wholly responsible for the revolution.