How Great a Threat Did the Revolts in Hungary

1 January 2018

How Great a Threat Did the Revolts in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968) Present to Soviet Control of Eastern Europe? By Tallied How great a threat did the revolts in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968) present to soviet control of Eastern Europe? The Czechoslovakian and Hungarian revolts both provided major issues and threats for the soviet control in Eastern Europe. However these were not the only threats, another, and the most significant threat, being the East German problem.The soviets struggled to deal with each case, and therefore took dealt with each scenario individually. The Hungarian revolt of 1 956 happened due to the Hungarian population being fed up of a communist regime and many heard that Poland was gaining more freedom therefore they wanted this as well. Not only this but the government used brutal oppression and had the secret police to implement their policies.

After a week of protests the government fled and was replaced by Nagy whom promised radical changes but when he announced that Hungary was going to leave the Warsaw pact the soviets reacted.The red army was sent across the borders and thought against Nag’s supporters however they were defeated and Nagy was hanged. This provided a threat to soviet control as if one state was seen to be separating from the Warsaw pact and therefore seemingly becoming independent of soviet influence then this may have caused a revolution amongst Eastern Europe. This would leave the soviets completely isolated and obviously would not have gained much support from the people in Russia.However one positive from the revolts is that the west refused to interfere when asked by Nagy therefore this would make Eastern countries question uprisings. Obviously this was a major problem for the USSR however the East German problem was a far greater wreath. The Czechoslovakian revolt was the lowest threat for the JARS at the time.

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The Czech wanted more freedom from soviet control and felt that communism hadn’t taken the country forward.As a result protests began to occur within the country to try and cause the government to make more democratic and capitalist reforms. These protests instigated the movement of the red army to overpower the uprisings but unlike Hungary there were no casualties. The Czechoslovakian revolt was a problem for the Soviets as it showed that capitalist influence was slowly creeping into the East and that minimally with the Hungarian revolt this could instigate a capitalist uprising in the East thereby annihilating the soviets sphere.Not only this but it influenced the thought of neighboring countries and made them question whether they wanted to be in a capitalist regime. As a result of the revolt the Brethren doctrine was produced which stopped countries leaving the Warsaw pact and limited any form of independence from the USSR. However some may argue that this in itself weakened soviets power in the east as completely restricted any form of independence which therefore led to the splitting of the soviet bloc later on.

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