Settlement, locality or populated place are general terms used in statistics, archaeology, geography, landscape history and other subjects for a permanent or temporary community in which people live or have lived, without being specific as to size, population or importance. A settlement can therefore range In size from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. The term may Include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.
The term Is used Internationally In the field of geospatial modeling, and in that context is defined as “a city, town, village, or ther agglomeration of buildings where people live and work” . 11] A settlement conventionally includes its constructed facllltles such as roads, enclosures, field systems, boundary banks and ditches, ponds, parks andwoods, wind and water mills, manor houses, moats and churches.  Contents [hide] 1 In landscape history 2 In statistics 2. 1 Australia 2. 2 Bulgaria 2. Canada 2. 4 Croatia 2. 5 India 2. 6 Ireland 2. 7 Russia 2. 8 sweden 2. 9 united Kingdom 2. 10 united States 3 Abandoned populated places 4 See also 5 References In landscape history Landscape history studies the form (morphology) of settlements – for example whether they are dispersed or nucleated. urban morphology can thus be considered a special type of cultural-historical landscape studies. Settlements can be ordered by size, centrality or other factors to define a settlement hierarchy.
In statistics Australia[edlt] Geoscience Australia defines a populated place as “a named settlement with a population of 200 or more persons. “ The Committee for Geographical Names in Australasia used the term localities for rural areas, while the Australian Bureau of Statistics uses the term “urban centres/localities” for urban areas. Bulgaria The Bulgarian Government publishes a National Register of Populated Places (NRPP). Canada[edlt] The Canadian government uses the term “populated place” in the Atlas of Canada, but does not define it. 4] Statistics Canada uses the term localities for historical namea locatlons. croatla1e01t The Croatian Bureau of Statistics records population in units called settlements (naselJa). India The Census Commission of India has a special definition of census towns. Ireland The Central Statistics Office of the Republic of Ireland has a special definition of census towns. Russia There are various types of inhabited localities in Russia.
Sweden Statistics Sweden uses the term localities (t¤tort) for various densely populated places. United Kingdom The I-JK Department for Communities and Local Government uses the term “urban settlement” to denote an urban area when analysing census information.  The Registrar General for Scotlanddefines settlements as groups of one or more contiguous localities, which are determined according to population ensity and postcode areas. The Scottish settlements are used as one of several factors defining urban areas. 6] United States The United States Geological Survey (IJS6S) has a Geographic Names Information System that defines three classes of human settlement: 1 . Populated Place – place or area with clustered or scattered buildings and a permanent human population (city, settlement, town, village). A populated place is usually not incorporatedand by definition has no legal boundaries. However, a populated place may have a corresponding “civil” record, the legal boundaries of which may or ay not coincide with the perceived populated place.
Census – a statistical area delineated locally specifically for the tabulation of Census Bureau data (census designated place, census county division, unorganized territory, various types of American Indian/Alaska Native statistical areas).  3. Civil – a political division formed for administrative purposes (borough, county, incorporated place, municipio, parish, town, township). “ Populated places may be specifically defined in the context of censuses and be different from general-purpose dministrative entities, such as “place” as defined by the U.
S. Census Bureau orcensus-designated places. Abandoned populated places Main articles: Abandoned village and Abandoned town Abandoned buildings in Kolmanskop,Namibia The term “Abandoned populated places” is a Feature Designation Name in databases sourced by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency andGeoNames.  Populated places can be abandoned. Sometimes the structures are still easily accessible, such as in a ghost town, and these may become tourist attractions.
Some laces that have the appearance of a ghost town, however, may still be defined as populated places by government entities.  A town may become a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, because of a government action, such as the building of a dam that floods the town, or because of natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, uncontrolled lawlessness, or war. I ne term Is sometimes usea to reter to cltles, towns, ana nelgnoornooa s tnat are stlll populated, but significantly less so than in years past.