DeVito Human Sexuality 267 11/4/2013 Abstract This paper will describe the history of abortion starting with back in the ancient Hebrews, Romans, English, and colonial America. Then It will look at the court case Roe vs. Wade and see how it has led to Americans opinion on abortion today.
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Finally it will look at America today on how women can now get an abortion and the new laws being put in to stricken the reason and ways for American women to have an Abortion is defined as term “referred to the termination of a pregnancy before the mbryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the womb”. For many years, abortion has been an extremely touchy and controversial subject. But the history of abortion doesn’t Just start with the past couple decades. It goes back many centuries or even millennia’s. Today, policies regarding legal abortion in the U. S. s being debated everywhere. Many myths and misconceptions confuse this issue. Regardless of ones own view point on the abortion topic, a better understanding of the history of abortion in America is need. Starting with the beginning of abortion and how it came o America, the case laws protecting it and what is to come in the future for the women’s right to abortion. Abortion has been widely known, practiced, and debated ever since ancient times. The ancient Hebrews had laws against abortion, but only if the mother’s life was a risk would they permit an abortion to happen.
Under Roman rule, abortion was permitted, as well as infanticide. The shriveled remains of exposed babies could be found all across the countryside and at the bottom of cliffs throughout the Roman Empire. The early Christian church generally opposed bortion. From about the 1300s to the 1800s, abortion before animation, Christian theologians defined animation as the point at which a fetus received a soul. According to church teachings, animation occurred between forty to eighty days after conception, became a generally accepted practice in Europe, if the pregnancy endangered the life of the mother.
If an abortion was performed before animation for a
Page 2 Human sexuality history of abortion Essay
less serious reason, many theologians saw it as wrong but not homicide. These practices came over to the American colonies with the pilgrims and the colonist. These practices have been performed for thousands of years, and in every society that has been studied. It was legal in the U. S. until the mid 19th century. In 1900, abortion was prohibited by law throughout the U. S. The only way a woman was able to have an abortion was if two or more physicians agreed that the procedure was necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman.
This was until the Supreme Court have an abortion which has set up the new balancing test that has to due with a women’s pregnancy in trimesters. Just like the Christians in the early time had the efinition of animation for their time line the Roe vs. Wade case is now defined “Viable’ as being ‘potentially able to live outside the mother’s womb, albeit with artificial aid’, adding that viability is usually placed at about seven months (28 weeks) but may occur earlier, even at 24 weeks. This created the new time line in which a woman can have a legal abortion. There are now different methods for a woman to have an abortion in America today. They can now get drugs that will do it, such as RIJ-486(mifepristone). This induces an early abortion by blocking the effects of the ormone progesterone which stimulates proliferation of the endometruim allowing the implantation and development of the placenta.
The next thing women can do to have an abortion is to have an intra-amniotic infusion, this is an abortion in the second trimester in which a substance is injected into the amniotic sac to induce premature labor. Finally there can be dilation and evacuation (D&E) or a dilation and curettage (D&C). D&C is an operation in which the cervix is dilated and the uterine contents are gently scraped away. D&E is an abortion in which the cervix is dilated prior to vacuum aspiration. All of these operations or drug taking is done before the third trimester of the pregnancy.
This is along way from cutting someone open and retrieving the child. Regardless of how one feels about abortion the history of it is fascinating dating about to ancient times where they had cruel way of aborting a fetus to now a days in America where there is plenty of safe and acceptable ways for a women to have an abortion. This came about due to the Supreme Court case of Roe vs. Wade that changed of American can look at abortion and how women can have the right to privacy. Work CitedSee More on Abortion