His identity is developed u to these circumstances and environments he finds himself in. We first see Nana’s identity develop while he is living in Share Share and Mazda-E-Sheriff, in Afghanistan. His identity is developed because of his surroundings and the circumstances he faces in this environment. The first development of Nana’s identity is shaped by him living in Afghanistan, (a worn torn country and dominated by the conflict between the Taliban and the Communists). Both of these fighting forces are searching for men of Nana’s age to Join them in battle.

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We see quite clearly that Ninja does not want anything to do with these groups and the war, through him hiding away for days with the constant fear of being forced to fight. We learn that Ninja does not want to be apart of these groups because he does not believe that wars and fighting is the way to solve his countries’ problems. He states that “A gun has one purpose and that purpose will not build anything, but will only tear down what others have built. ” The circumstance of living in a worn torn country, develops Nana’s identity, because this install in him a peaceful and thoughtful attitude towards conflict.

Another way Nana’s identity is developed is due to the many unfortunate family deaths Ninja and his family have to face. In the text, Ninja loses his father and two of his elder brothers, Rosa and Gorge All. It is Afghanistan and Hazard culture that the eldest male is to have the responsibility of being in charge of his family. Since, all males older than Ninja in his family are dead, this responsibility becomes his when he is only twelve years of age. The role of Ninja, as the leader of the family in Afghanistan is extremely different to the leader of a western world family.

It is Nana’s accessibility to ensure his family do not have big dreams, are not optimistic about the future because it is unlikely that their dreams will become a reality. This develops his identity because this turns him into a

Page 2 Identity Theme in the Rugmaker of Mazar-E-Sharif Essay

responsible person and someone who is pessimistic. Nana’s identity is shaped by him living in a poverty filled environment. The unfortunate circumstance of their house being destroyed by a rocket, forces Ninja and his family to live in poverty. After the destruction he puts all his effort into his Job because he and his family need the money to stay alive.

Their financial session did not allow the children to attend school full time but forced them to Join the work force at a very young age. Ninja begins work as a welder in which he does maker, which he puts his heart and soul into. As a result of this circumstance, Ninja has developed in himself a strong and positive work ethic. His identity is also developed and shaped due to his religion install in him strong morals which allows him to have faith and trust in others. His Muslim beliefs also ties in with his hatred and dislike of war.

His religion, like most religions, teaches him who to live a worthy fife. I can relate this text to the world because there are many other people who are in the same situation as Ninja is. They are living lives surrounded by war and in poverty. These people become refugees to try escape their cruel and conflict filled countries, in the hope that they will be accepted into a country of freedom such as New Zealand. They want better lives for themselves and their families and they risk death on the dangerous Journey and rejection in their chosen country in the hope of achieving this unlikely dream.

According to the MUNCH, three million refugees make his Journey annually. The next stage of Nana’s development in identity is when he makes the dangerous but successful Journey to Australia and is transferred to the Whomever Detention Camp, in South Australia. His identity is developed, shaped and changed due to the different circumstances he encounters whilst in Whomever. The first development in Nana’s identity is brought upon by the racial the tension amongst the refugees in the camp.

An example of this, is during food service when the person serving the food favors his fellow countrymen and gives them more food than other ethnicities. We see Ninja stand up to this circumstance and solve the problem by himself serving the food to ensure even amounts are given to everybody. His decision to stop the racial tension, which could escalate to a fight, is based on his identity he had back in Afghanistan and how he strongly disliked conflict and his Muslim beliefs. The way that the Whomever detention centre is like “Mars” to Ninja is a also a circumstance which leads to a development in his identity.

The customs, ways of life and traditions in Australia, are totally different to what Ninja experienced while living in Afghanistan. An example of this is shown in the text, as Ninja states ” In my country we bake our own bread, here in Australia big factories bake the bread, then put in plastic bags… It does not even taste like real bread. ” We can see through this example that Ninja, in his first few weeks at Whomever, does not see the point in ways which other people/ cultures do things. As he spends more time in Whomever, these unusual Australian customs, become his primary customs.

Nana’s identity has developed as he has became more accepting of other cultures and their ways of doing things. Also while t Whomever, Nana’s identity is developed when his fellow Afghan’s and himself cannot understand what an Australian police officer is saying to them. Instead of Just leaving the problem alone, he asks a Pakistani if he could translate what the police officer to them. His identity has developed, through this circumstance because he is willing to help others, even if finding the help may be risky and challenging. I can Dilators for Dilators School.

Both of these places have intentions for their people inside, to become good and useful citizens when they leave and they develop their peoples identities accordingly. These institutes take people from disadvantages backgrounds in the hope that one day these people will be able to give back to their communities what they have received from these places, or even more. After Nana’s visa has been accepted in Whomever, he begins life as an Australian living in Melbourne. We see more developments in his identity here as well through certain environments and circumstances.

The first development I noticed was Australian being different to Afghanistan life again. Out in the real Australian world, the way of living life is slightly different to that in Whomever. Nana’s identity, like he did while at Whomever, developed because he was introduced to the real Australian culture. He had to learn tax systems and meaning of vegetarian. Ninja continued to develop his Afghanistan identity into an Australian identity with the good of the Afghanistan blending in, especially in terms of culture.

While in Melbourne, Ninja finds a Job as a Rug maker at a Rug Shop. His employer is extremely strict, unfair and treats him poorly. This circumstance is another instance where we see Nana’s persistent and strong work ethic. Ninja has held onto his strong work ethic, he had in Afghanistan due to poverty, as evident through this. He has taken this positive feature from his life in Afghanistan and held onto it. I can relate this text to a film I have seen recently, The Karate Kid.

This film is relatable to this text because they are both about someone moving from one country (US and Afghanistan), to another country completely different in more ways than one (China and Australia). There were many differences in their new lifestyles they had to overcome or get used to. They kept hold of some of their old identity, but were able to blend in some new identity in themselves. In the Karate Kid, Jake chooses to compete in Karate, a Chinese sport, but e still holds his love for American food strong in himself.

To conclude, Ninja faced many circumstances and environments, which resulted in his identity being developed. He was able to build his identity around the people he meet, his whereabouts, his situation and his Job. I liked how he kept some of his Afghanistan identity even though he was living in Australia. He was still open to change even if he may not understand the need to do so. Sometimes his identity changed or developed due to the circumstance or environment, but mostly it stayed true to his Afghanistan identity. Written by James Epithetic

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