Impact of the Mongols
The Mongols are the most influential civilization to ever exist in central Asia. They impacted countries all over the world in great ways. The Mongols invaded and impacted four major world powers, the first being the Islamic world. The murder of the Abbasid caliph, one of some 800, 000 people who were reported to have been killed in Mongol retribution for the city’s resistance, brought an end to the dynasty that had ruled the core regions of the Islamic world since the middle of the 8th century .
Perhaps the greatest long-term impact of the Mongol drive to the west was indirect and unintended. In recent years a growing number of historians have become convinced that the Mongol conquests played a key role in transmitting the fleas that carried bubonic plague from central Asia to the Middle East. Russia was another power impacted by the Mongols. Before the Mongols Russia had a city state type of government, the Mongols changed all of that. They made them tribute states, which means that they had to pay a tax to be able to stay independent, called the golden horde.
Also they brought with them from Asia the bubonic plague, or the “black death. ” As they did with most of the countries they invaded. Mongol rule in Russia lasted about a century longer than it did in China and Persia, which led to many problems for Russia in the long run. The Russians inability to overcome Mongol rule left many imprints on Russian society that remained there for a long time. One of these things was how Russia was held back from becoming industrialized while the rest of Europe was becoming more and more industrial..
The Mongols were eventually driven out around 1480, but their mark had been left on Russian society and for centuries to come Russians would battle to find a true identity and also to try and westernize. In Europe, the Mongols had the most effect on the economy, with the scientific and commercial revolution. The economy of the Roman Empire had been based on money, but after the Empire’s fall, money became scarce; power and wealth became strictly land based, and local fiefs were self-sufficient.
Because trade was dangerous and expensive, there were not many traders, and not much trade. The scarcity of money did not help; however, the European economic system had begun to change in the 14th century, partially as a result of the Black Death, and the Crusades. The science of the middle ages was significant in establishing a base for modern science. The renaissance enabled a scientific revolution which let scholars look at the world in a different light. Religion, superstition, and fear were replaced by reason and knowledge.
Genghis Khan, created and united the Mongols, who were the world’s biggest empire to date. He conquered china and created the Yuan economic policies and accommodated traditional Chinese practices. Yuan rulers did not try to convert China into the Mongol-style nomadic economy; instead, they advanced agriculture. They restored the she, rural organizations composed of about 50 families, to assist in farming. These organizations also improved flood control, established charity organizations for orphans and widows, and introduced such new crops.
In addition, early Yuan emperors sought to protect the peasants by devising a regular, fixed system of taxation. Unlike previous Chinese dynasties, the Yuan rulers cultivated trade and held merchants a high social status. The Mongols impacted civilizations all over the world. In the end though the Mongols blended into most civilizations they conquered, which in turn led to the fall on the Mongol empire. They believed that they were the world’s superior race and for a time they were right.