Implement Person Centred Approaches in Health and Social Care

9 September 2016

Implement person centred approaches in health and social care (HSC 026) Outcome 1 Understand person centred approaches for care and support 1) Define person-centred values Treating people as individuals Making sure people have their privacy Making sure people have access to their rights Treating people with dignity and respect Supporting people to be as independent as possible 2) Explain why it is important to work in a way that embeds person centred values

Taking into account person centred values makes me work better for the individual person, rather than imposing my own choices on them and taking away their own right to independence and choice. 3) Explain why risk-taking can be part of a person centred approach Taking risks means that you are able to choose and be in control of what you do. You need to ensure that concerns about taking risks is not stopping you living the way you want to. A risk assessmet can always be carried out to see if it is possible for someone to do something that they thought would not be possible.

Eplain how using an individual’s care plan contributes to working in a person centred way Using an individual’s care plan will ensure that the person’s own needs and wishes are being met, rather than offering them a ‘choice’ of what is available. Using their care plan, you can build on what they want and see where there are gaps that need to be addressed. Outcome 3 Be able to establish consent when providing care or support 1) Explain the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support

It is important to establish consent because it is a basic human right for everyone to have the choice. Much of the treatment or support the individual receives is either invasive or personal, so consent is essential as it protects providers against legal challenge. Asking for consent is also part of the codes of practice for social care. 3) Explain what steps to take if consent can not be readily eastablished If consent is not readily established, you must not proceed with the care or activity in question.

First, you may wish to ask for consent again, if refusal is still being given, report to the manager. There will be procedures in place for refusal of consent. Usually, there will be no further action taken, but in the case of there being consequences to refusal, say for example refusing medication, further assessments need to be undertaken to decide whether it would be in their interest to go ahead without consent. Outcome 4 Be able to encourage active participation 1) Describe how active participation benefits an individual

An individual will benefit from active participation because it builds self-esteem and improves confidence. Feeling good and confident are important ways of improving people’s general and emotional health. Everyone has the right to participate in society. 2) Identify possible barriers to active participation Issues over physical access Lack of information in accessible formats Emotional barriers, such as lack of confidence Professional support staff taking over Family cares who find it hard to let go Outcome 5

Be able to support the individual’s right to make choices 3) Explain why a worker’s personal views should not influence an individual’s choices A worker’s personal view is not neccesarily the same view of the individual, so if an individual listened to a worker, it would not neccesarily be the individual’s choice. A worker’s opinion should never influence an individual. You should only give factual information about options available. Outcome 6 Be able to promote individuals’ well-being 1) Explain how individual identity and self-esteem are linked to well-being

Everyone has an image of themselves. This is made up of their own identity/self-image and their self-esteem. If someone has a negative image of themselves and has low self-esteem, their well-being is likely to be on a lower scale than someone who has a positive image of themselves, and has a good self-esteem. As a carer, it is important to promote well-being and good self-esteem so that the individual will feel good about themselves and have a happier outlook. 2) Describe attitudes and approaches that are likely to promote an individual’s well-being

Being recognised and valued as an individual is important for an individual’s self-esteem. It will promote their well-being and give the individual a sense of being. Asking someone their preference for being addressed by their first name, or more formally, shows that you have respect for them, and this will boost their self-esteem. Taking into account someone’s religious and cultural beliefs, their values about forms of dress and their preferenceabout who should be providing them with personal care, are all approaches that are likely to promote an individual’s well-being.

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