Jackie Kennedy

9 September 2016

Onassis was an intelligent and dynamic role model for many women worldwide. Kennedy-Onassis was best known for her time as a first lady, fashion icon, and for her time spent restoring the White House. Kennedy-Onassis ‘ wealthy upbringing enabled her to be the graceful, elegant, and respectable women she was. Kennedy-Onassis was a huge role model for women, a great leader, and kept it together when all hope was lost. Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis was a First Lady who had a privileged life, and she used her experiences to make meaningful contributions to society.

Early Life On July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York, Jacqueline Bouvier was born. Bouvier was born into a luxurious life; her father John Bouvier was a wealthy stockbroker and her mother, Janet Bouvier, was an accomplished equestrian rider. Although, she had many things in common with her mother, she mostly retained a better relationship with her father. They would take wonderful trips to the zoo, ice cream parlors, toy stores, and more.

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However, this angered her mother because although John was a good father, he had a serious gambling problem.

It was not always happy times in the Bouvier household, in addition to John’s serious gambling issues; he was an alcoholic and had many affaires. In 1940, Bouvier ’s parents divorced, when Bouvier was only ten years old. Bouvier was only able to see her farther on the weekends because her mother has custody of her. Although she had trouble at home, she was still able to receive a prestigious education. Bouvier began her schooling at Chapin School, located in New York City, from kindergarten to grammar school, and then went on to Holton Arms School, in Washington D.C. , where she completed grammar school and started her first year of high school. Bouvier graduated from Miss Porter’s School located, in Farmington, Connecticut, in 1947.

Miss Porters is a prestigious boarding school emphasizing the important of manners and conversations. During her senior year, she received the award for the schools top literature student, and a newspaper named her “Debutant of the Year”. Not only did she thrive in school, but also she had many hobbies that would help her in her adult life.

She had many hobbies, included ballet lessons, French lesson, horseback ridding, and writing. She took ballet lessons at the old Metropolitan Opera House under the direction of many ballet teachers. She was a very good dance and she was very well known for her beautiful posture. Bouvier was also very involved with her French that she took from the age of 12. These lesson helped her in her adult life because she an able to connect with be and fluently speak the language. Bouvier was mainly known for here horseback riding. When Bouvier was only a year old, her mother had put here on her first horse.

By the age of eleven she had already one several national championships. “Jacqueline Bouvier, an eleven-year-old equestrienne from East Hampton, Long Island, scored a double victory in the horsemanship competition. Miss Bouvier achieved a rare distinction. The occasions are few when a young rider wins both contests in the same show. ” (Jfklibrary. org) Jackie turned to her pony Buddy when to distract her from the troubles going on at home. This education would benefit Bouvier in the years to come. Adult Life Early life experiences molded Bouvier into a versatile person.

After graduating from Miss Porters, Bouvier went on to Vassar Collage in Poughkeepsie, New York for her freshman and sophomore years; she spent her junior years abroad in France. For her senior year, Bouvier transferred to George Washington University. Jacqueline started her first job in the fall of 1951 as the “Inquiring Camera Girl” for the Washington Times-Herald newspaper. Bouvier would move around the city asking people their opinions on the issues of the day, and put there answers into her newspaper column. She would also interview political figures such as Richard M.

Nixon. She was also in contact with other political figure and socialites because her family would hold extravagant events; this is where Bouvier was introduced to John F. Kennedy. It was not long after that the two were engaged and the spotlight was on the young couple. On September 12, 1953, they married in St. Mary’s church in Newport, Rhode Island and she became Mrs. Kennedy. Kennedy wanted to have children, but she kept having miscarriages and had one stillborn child. In 1957, her luck changed and had she her first girl, Caroline.

On January 1960, John announced his candidacy. During the road to presidency, Kennedy was John’s best asset. On November 8, 1960, John F. Kennedy beat Republican Richard M. Nixon in a very close race. The same year she gave birth two her second son, John Jr. She was determined to shelter her young children from the scary world, so young Caroline attended school at the White House so that she did not have to leave the premises and, that she would be protected from the public eye. Although she was a well-educated woman, her priorities were to be a good wife and mother.

She told a reporter “if you bungle raising your children, I don’t think whatever else you do well matters very much. “(jfklibrary. org) Since her young children were going to live and spend most of their days in the White House Kennedy decided to restore the White House. At 31, and with her love for the arts, history, and gracious personal style, Kennedy took the role as first lady head on. In 1961, Kennedy-Onassis announced that she was going to restore the White House, once finished she hosted a televised tour of the White House on February 14.

Millions of people worldwide tuned in to see the in vale of the new and improved White House. This was very different and interesting for people because there were able to see the living quarters of the president and television was a new invention so it was very cool for people to watch. On August 7, 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy gave birth to their third child, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy. He suffered from a serious lung problem and was rushed to the Children’s Hospital in Boston, where he died two days later. While still morning the loss of her son, another terrible tragedy befell her.

November 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy was assented in Texas, when he and Texas Governor, John Connally and his wife in Dealey Plaza. In later investigation, it was concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald was the killer of JFK. Hours later Kennedy stood bravely by President Johnson as he took the oath of office. Lady Bird Johnson filled Kennedy’s role of first lady. The country shared in her grief as it was broadcasted all around the world. After moving with her children into an apartment on New York’s Fifth Avenue, the widow spent a year in mourning before returning to the public eye.

Her sister, Caroline Lee, tried to help her morn the loss by inviting her aboard the Christina, a yacht own by the million dollar shipping agent, Aristotle Onassis. On October 20, 1968 Kennedy, married Onassis becoming known as Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis. It was a private Greek Orthodox wedding, which took place in Skorpios in the Ionian Sea which is just of the western coast of Grease – the island was owned by Aristotle Onassis. On March 15, 1975 Aristotle Onassis died, after only six years of marriage.

At 46 years old and a widow for the second time, Kennedy-Onassis returned to New York where she began to work as a book editor for Viking Press. As a memorial to her husband, she created the John F Kennedy Library and Museum in Boston on October 20 1979. In 1993, Jackie was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, and just two months before her 65th birthday, she sadly passed away in her sleep at home. John Kennedy Jr said: “My mother died surrounded by her friends and her family and her books, and the people and things she loved.

She did it in her own way, and on her own terms, and we all feel lucky for that”(http://www. hellomagazine. com). She was buried next to JFK in Arlington Cemetery four days later. Effect on Society Although many people believed that she was just a pretty face Jacqueline Onassis had a huge impact on society. In 1961 Kennedy-Onassis, decided to restore the White House. She acquire a collection of fine and decorative arts. When restoring the White House she also received priceless paintings, including an old ported of Washington. She supported the law stating that she could not give them to friends.

Then she also created the White House Historical Association which excepted artifacts that were passed down from president to president, and if allowed it would go to the Smithsonian where it could be publicly displayed. The association is a private, independent, nonprofit association that was dedicated to history and the people and events. Then, Kennedy-Onassis created a guidebook of the White House, raising millions for the White House Historical Association. The guidebook included the new layout of the White House. They were sold in bookstores around the country.

By creating an association that preserves art, boosted her confidence enabling her to be able to address large crowds. Her ability to address a crowd, in many different languages, was one of her well-known assets. She was able to speak many different languages including French, Spanish, and Italian. She was also well liked by many foreign political figures and was able to set aside political differences in the Middle East with countries such as India and Pakistan. During her husband’s presidency, Jacqueline Kennedy became a symbol of fashion for women worldwide.

In 1960, she designated a family friend and French-born American fashion designer, Oleg Cassini, to create the new wardrobe for the first lady; this was known as the “Jackie Look”. A signature “Jackie look” included, black turtlenecks, which are smart and respectable. Her big button pantsuits, which were both stylish and sophisticated. Her bumblebee shades that Jackie popularized, became a big hit allover the world, which many women copied. Some of her well-known look was the pillbox hat, string of pears, and her bouffant hair style.

Although at first Kennedy was not so keen on the role of First lady, she took on the role with grace, elegance, and style. Conclusion Kennedy-Onassis’ early life experiences enabled her to transform the preservation of American history as well as inspire women to develop a sence of self-confidence. Kennedy-Onassis was best know for her time spent as first lady, refurnishing the White House, and being a fashion icon for many women throughout our country. Kennedy-Onassis was a woman that worked for the betterment of her country and her people.

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