Jean Watson’s Caring Theory Essay Sample

10 October 2017

The Implementation of Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in Nursing Dr. Jean Watson defined nursing as a “Human scientific discipline of individuals and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional. personal. scientific. esthetic. and ethical human“ ( Watson. 1988. p. 54 ) . The Caring Theory of Nursing is a relational lovingness for ego and others based on a moral. ethical. and philosophical foundation of love and values ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) . Watson‘s nucleus constructs formulate the pattern of loving-kindness. enabling the reliable presence of deep belief and cultivating one’s ain religious pattern towards’ integrity ( Butts & A ; Rich. 2011 ) . This is better worded as a holistic attack to mind. organic structure. spirit. and beyond the self-importance which releases the “being’ in the lovingness mending environment leting miracles to flux from the openness of the unexpected ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) .

The major elements allow the nursing universe to take focal point on Carative factors. hold on onto transpersonal caring relationships. and in making so supply what is known as a critical “caring moment” ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) . The caring theory and tools are practiced in every facet of nursing in today’s modern medical universe and are supported by ethical research that celebrates the healing environment. Watson genuinely applied a clinical pattern that has grown the nursing universe into a echt and loving atmosphere for the sick. lamed. and broken. The Components of Human Caring Theory ( Jean Watson )

The human lovingness theory birthed by Dr. Jean Watson derived from a solid background founded in instruction guidance. nursing and psychological science ( Butts & A ; Rich. 2011 ) . Watson’s theory took form about 1979. as a response to broad spread she witnessed in wellness attention. which was engineering oriented and merely focused on diagnosing and intervention of disease overlooking the art of mending acknowledging humanity as a whole and range of single relation between patient and wellness attention supplier ( “Jean Watson’s theory of Human Care” . 2010 ) . Watson was motivated to compose the theory as she pursued to develop an incorporate baccalaureate course of study in a school of nursing ( Butts & A ; Rich. 2011 ) . Jean Watson has stated that her caring theory was developed while she was holding a personal experience. her husband’s decease. in her life. She molded her professional and personal life in order to develop her theory. Harmonizing to Jean Watson’s definition of metaparadigm. a individual is a human being whose demands should be respected. supported. and cared for.

The environment should be lending to holistic healing. Health was examined by Watson holistically. where a human being should be able to work mentally. physically. spiritually. and socially to its full aptitude ( Jean Watson. 1988 ) . Watson’s theory was developed on a foundational attack which focused on both deductive and inductive methods. The inductive attack was set out to turn out theory through research and in contrast the deductive attack was developed based on experience ( Tomey and Alligood. 2006 ) . The cardinal subject of the lovingness theory is leting an person to embrace their attack to nursing through loving-kindness and composure ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) . Major elements in this theory harmonizing to Watson are the carative factors. the transpersonal lovingness relationship. and the caring juncture or caring minute. It is said that “Jean Watson is one of the few nursing theoreticians who considers non merely the cared for but the caregiver” . which is supported by her core constructs of the lovingness theory ( Tomey and Alligood. 2006 ) .

Carative factors are considered the usher of the nursing nucleus which effort to honour all human dimensions. The nurse’s work and the intimate universe are idiosyncratic experiences of the persons they serve and contrast the healing factors of medical specialty. Carative literally means “to remedy a disease ; ” and in the lovingness theory the carative factors evolve into the caritas factors ( Watson. 1997 ) . There are 10 carative factors that Watson considers foundational to the theory: “Formation of humanistic-altruistic system of values. Instillation of religion and hope. Cultivation of sensitiveness to oneself and to others. Development of a helping-trusting. human caring relationship. Promotion and credence of the look of both positive and negative feelings. Systematic usage of a originative problem-solving lovingness procedure. Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning. Provision for supportive. protective and disciplinary mental. physical. societal. and religious environment. Aid with satisfaction of human demands. Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces” ( Butts and Rich. 2011. Pg. 510 ) .

This tract of believing emphasizes the connexion of spiritualty and human love in the patient-nurse relationship that are held in high regard and considered every bit of import to both parties ( Butts and Rich. 2011 ) . Caritas carry expansive religious dimension into the bosom of this theory. In Greek. caritas mean “to cherish and to give particular loving attention” hence Watson’s nucleus rule of exerting loving-kindness ( Watson. 1997 ) . The caritas field is the centre for the witting healing presence which has evolve into a clinical procedure: “Embrace selfless values and pattern loving kindness with ego and others. transfuse faith and hope and award others. be sensitive to self and others by fostering single beliefs and patterns. develop helping-trusting-caring relationships. Promote and accept positive and negative feelings as you genuinely listen to another’s narrative. Use originative scientific job resolution. portion instructions and larning. make a healing environment. aid with basic physical. emotional. and religious human demands. Be unfastened to mystery and let miracles to enter” ( Butts and Rich. 2011. Pg 511-512 ) .

The Transpersonal lovingness relationships go beyond the human self-importance into a more “spiritual” lovingness environment. This type of caring allows moral committedness to protect and heighten human self-respect. This creates a regard and true love for the individual which honors their “needs. wants. modus operandis. and rites ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) . The construct of the Caring consciousness allows the health professional to put themselves in the similar state of affairs as the patient. leting deep connexion between the two. This besides allows the giver to attest an honorable heart-centered spirit that patterns and awards the integrity of head. organic structure. and spirit ( Watson Caring Institute. 2010 ) . When these nucleus constructs are practiced in integrity they form what is known as composure or inner harmoniousness that maintains the balance of the environment. Harmoniously. the rules agree together and the purpose of “doing” for another and “being” with another who is in demand. supplying the accomplishments and a expression to decently care for a specific demand ( Watson. 1999 ) . Subsequently. this enables the health professional to be unfastened “to the unexpected and incomprehensible life events. “birthing what is called the “Authentic Presence ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) . In this peculiar presence or minute there is an collection and fall ining to the patient at the bosom of their intervention. painting an ambiance for the “Caring Moment” ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010 ) .

Heart-centered brush with another individual is known as the “Caring Moment” or “Caring Occasion. ” Essentially. when two persons meet. they link together their ain personal backgrounds which in bend creates a “human-to human dealing that is meaningful. reliable. knowing. honouring that individual. and sharing human experience that expands each persona’s worldview” ( Watson Caring Science Institute. 2010. Pg 1 ) . This brotherhood provides new finds and new possibilities that are expanded by the spirit of lovingness and the art of cognizing the demands of your patient. The Impact of Human caring theory in Practice

Implementing Dr. Jean Watson’s caring theory into pattern has significantly impacted nursing universe as we know it. Research has suggested that to analyze the overall effects of caring. a qualitative survey would break suit the overall result. For illustration. phenomenological research that conducted interviews with open-ended inquiries gives attending to the person who experienced the theory first manus. This enables an appropriate analyzing of the major elements focused on the carative factors ; Transpersonal lovingness relationship. and the caring juncture or minute. What better manner to look into a theory of loving-kindness than to sit and hold on a painted image from the patient themselves. One illustration of this theory in pattern was focused on six adult females. with two voluntaries. who met one time a hebdomad. and shared narratives or ideas in a circle format ( Watson. 1988 ) . This was followed by positive feedback from the members. There is a certain easiness of comprehension on this theory and it seems applicable to the nursing pattern.

In a universe with budget cuts engineering this theory can be easy practiced into today’s modern universe. The particular interaction between the nurse and patient is foundational in nursing. This is caring and sympathetic attack to holistic wellness which enables the nurse to see the patient as a whole being and non merely unwellness or brokenness. Sing the person in the holistic sense allows the patient to experience justified and promotes consciousness for all current demands during their experience. The household can besides experience validated in cognizing the spirit of the health professional is loving and conveying Forth the art of caring openly with no bounds. In Watson’s words nurses “are seeking for the manner to care in a society that refused to value lovingness. and the manner to function without being a subservient” ( Watson. 2001 ) . Harmonization is needed to equilibrate the professional image of nurses and keep a nurturing image. The alterations in the wellness attention universe has produced an addition in sharp-sightedness and complexness of the medical field which require an tremendous sense of lovingness. For illustration. under the proviso of Watson’s theory. infirmaries throughout the United States have used the theory with assorted patient attention bringing systems ( Butts & A ; Rich. 2011 ) .

Nursing schools have used this theory as learning schemes and to advance class content within the field. Research surveies have used Watson’s celebrated rules as foundation in human lovingness that are both “reflective and subjective. and every bit good as objective-empirical” ( Butts & A ; Rich. 2011. pg 512 ) . The effectivity of Watson’s Caring Model on the quality of life and blood force per unit area of patients with high blood pressure ( Watson. 2001 ) “demonstrated a relationship between attention given harmonizing to Watson’s Caring theoretical account and increased quality of life of the patients with hypertension” ( Watson. 2001 ) .

Furthermore. the patients who received this type of caring theoretical account pattern appeared to show a relationship between the Caring theoretical account and a lessening in patient’s blood force per unit area ( Watson. 2001 ) . As a consequence of this research. Watson’s theoretical account was recommended as a benchmark to nursing patients with high blood pressure. “as one agencies of diminishing blood force per unit area and addition in quality of life” ( Watson. 2001 ) . Unfortunately. this theory is non utile in some facets of the medical field such as biomedical. bureaucratic wellness system. and sometimes nowadayss jobs for nurse’s work in the sense that it requires deeper rating of ego. The strengths. is that the theory places the client in the context of the community and civilization which is a focal point of pattern instead than engineering. The restrictions are that the biophysical demands of the patient are put the back burn and the 10 carative factors chiefly delineate the psychosocial demands of the individual. How to Implement Caring Theory

The lovingness theory strengthens our pattern by supplying a construction of common lovingness and associating with the patient through holistic health. The theory allows the practician to confirm their personal beliefs. values. and to paint the very image of why they became nurses. Their deep roots of caring are manifested frontward and supply a profound joy in the lovingness of their patients. Caring as we know it personally is the uninterrupted healing of relationships. friendly relationships. lesions. and emotions merely to call a few. Patients are the centre of our caring custodies and focal point. therefore produced is a good quality intervention and mending encompassed in one. Working in the mental wellness field as a psychiatric nurse. where there is a strong demand to care for the full person instead than merely the “mental illness” . This enables a personal growing in managing. lovingness. and loving uprightly the full person while they are under my attention for a short period of clip. To to the full prosecute with my patients. I incorporate Watson’s foremost and 2nd caritas into my regular nursing modus operandi. Her first lovingness procedure is. “practicing loving-kindness within the context of an knowing lovingness consciousness “and the 2nd. “being to the full present in the minute and admiting the deep belief system and subjective life universe of ego and other” ( Watson. 1988 ) .

When I enter the room for the first clip. I make oculus contact as I introduce myself with a touch on their manus and a warm smiling. This action lets the patient to cognize that I truly attention. This loving and caring environment opens the ability to transfuse religions and hope into my patient’s bing status. The caring theory disables the ability to go through judgements. enabling to all patients the same regard and degree of attention ( Watson. 2001 ) . I instill hope to my patients with mental unwellness or chemical dependence issues that helps them to acquire through a unsmooth clip. Caring allows me to discourse the patient’s feelings and perceptual experience of their quality of life and pull offing their conditions. Furthermore. I can recommend for my patients through our established resonance developed throughout their intervention. Importantly. the head. organic structure. and spirit are highly of import to detect and see in psychiatric intervention to develop a intervention program good for acute attention. A high quality nurse is non defined merely by her ability and accomplishments but instead how good she interacts with the client and household while implementing attention. Transparency is imperative and can merely be discernable by the lovingness procedure wrapped in the best involvement of the patient.

After reexamining several theories on human caring it is concluded that Jean Watson’s and Kristen Swanson’s theories have some similarities. Their doctrine of nursing is similar in some facets of nursing metaparadigm. Both theories focus on lovingness and thoughtful attack that promotes mending relationships with patients. I would integrate both theories in my nursing pattern in order to supply holistic attention ( Butts and Rich. 2011 ) . Decision

In decision. Watson’s human caring theory allows nursing to encompass the positive energy that flows from an incorporated head. organic structure. and spirit and is every bit honoring to both the patient and the nurse. Jean Watson asserts that caring restores life energies and potentiates our abilities. The benefits are beyond step and advance self-actualization on both personal and professional degree. Caring is a reciprocally good experience for both the patient and the nurse. every bit good as between all wellness squad members. It improves patient results and client satisfaction.


Butts. J. B. . & A ; Rich. K. L. ( 2011 ) . Doctrines and Theories for Advanced Nursing Practice. Ontario. Canada: Jones & A ; Bartlett Learning. Tomey. A. M. . & A ; Alligood. M. R. ( 2006 ) . Nursing Theorists and Their Work ( 6 ed. ) . St. Louis: Mosby. Watson. J. ( 1988 ) . Nursing: Human scientific discipline and human attention. A theory of nursing. New York: National League for Nursing. Watson. J. ( 1997 ) . The theory of human lovingness: Retrospective and prospective. Nursing Science Quarterly. 10 ( 1 ) . 49-52. Watson. J. ( 2001 ) . Jean Watson: Theory of human caring. In M. E. Parker ( Ed ) . Nursing Theories and nursing pattern. Philadelphia: Davis Watson Caring Science Institute. 2012

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