Read to find out how Johnny and other characters play important roles in historical events. BACKGROUND Time and Place Bostonians responded with outrage to the closing of their port and the arrival of British soldiers and warships. The Committees of Correspondence that Sam Adams began in the early asses evolved to play an even more active role. In September 1774, all the colonies except Georgia sent representatives to the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. The Congress decided on a boycott of British goods and promised to stand together in defense of Boston.One result of this promise was the forming, arming, and training of Leonia militias.
The Congress also prepared a summary of its complaints for King George. The king, however, was not interested in reviewing these complaints and sent more soldiers and ships to Boston. Did You Know? Colonial militiamen had no uniforms and had to supply their ovum guns and ammunition, as well as food and other accessories. Many had learned to shoot while hunting for food or fighting Native Americans in the countryside.As you read, follow the progress of events by noting the main actions of the characters listed below. Paul Revere Sam Adams and John Hancock A silversmith and a rebel. He eventually becomes a spymaster for the rebel event and fights bravely in the Revolution.
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Continue as leaders of Patriot movement; in March, leave Boston for Concord to attend Provincial Congress Johnny Arab An apprentice to Mr.. Alphas, a silversmith. After his hand is burned by some melted silver, Johnny starts working at the Boston Observer and apart of the rebel movement A printers apprentice at the Boston Observer.Arab becomes a friend to Johnny. He participates in many rebel Acts and movements, including the Sons of Liberty and the Boston Observers. Dove Dry.
Warren One of Alpha’s apprentices, He is fired and goes to work as a stable boy for Colonel Smith. A skilled surgeon that offers to give Johnny back the use of his thumb by cutting away the scared skin Colonel Smith General Gage A high-ranking British officer who employs Dove as a stable boy and leads the assault on Lexington and Concord. How is later wounded.A general that replaces Governor Hutchinson as the person in charge of Boston, General Gage, to the surprise of the townspeople, is not as strict as they expected him to be. Responding Personal Response Think about Esther Forbears statement that she “wanted to give Johnny room enough to change and grow. ” Do you think she succeeded? Why or why not? Way think she did. She gave him a lot of places to fit in and to come out as he wanted to be in the end.
Analyzing Literature Recall and Interpret 1 . What are some ways that the Patriots prepare for war?How would you describe the mood between Bostonians and the British troops occupying their city? Well the Patriots prepared in the form of minute men and acts of defiance. Such as the Boston tea party 2. Explain how the Minute Men learn Of the British army’s actual battle plans. What do these efforts reveal about the Patriots’ commitment to independence? Johnny takes his job as a spy hanging out at the African Queen. Dove lets slip that he has been ordered to polish Colonel Smith’s campaign saddle rather than his usual saddle.Johnny pieces together that the Brats are going to attack Lexington and the Minute Men are alerted.
This small band of patriots are willing to flight the mighty British army for independence. 3. Summarize what happens after Johnny finds Arab at Lexington. At the end of the novel, what decision does Johnny make about his future? What does this decision reveal about his values and character? By this point in the story, Johnny has come full circle. He no longer shies away from physical pain or ark, as he did in the early chapters set at the Alpha’s’ house.He is also able to think rationally about his behavior rather than surrendering to his first impulses; he is stoic about Arab’s death and agrees to the operation because he knows that doing these things will be better in the long run, even if they are difficult now. Responding Analyzing Literature (continued) Evaluate and Connect 4.
How does the author create suspense during the final chapters of the novel? Throughout Chapter Eleven, Johnny remains in the dark about Arab’s fate. The emotional anguish he experiences from not knowing shows that one f wars greatest costs is the psychological toll it takes on the living. . According to Johnny, at sixteen he is “A boy in time of peace and a man in time of war. ” Do you agree with this statement? Do you think more is expected of young people when a country is at war? Explain. Yes, Johnny is just a teenager. In times of peace, he can go about his business with a limited amount of responsibility.
Unfortunately, at sixteen, he is also expected (and wants) to fight for the independence of his country. He is a boy fighting in a man’s war because he is needed. Literature and Writing Battlefield Report Imagine you are a reporter for either the Observer or for a British newspaper.Write a news report about the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Remember to cover the facts by answering these questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? Though a news report should be unbiased, you will want to consider your audience. For example, a London audience would be more interested in the brave deeds of its own troops than in those of colonial troops. Share and compare your report with those of your classmates.
Extending Your Response Literature Group as Though the Battles of Lexington and Concord are historical events, in the evolve you learn of them largely through Johnny’s personal experience.With your group, review the text. Try to distinguish between Johnny s experience Of events and the objective events themselves. How might the events in the novel’s final chapters be different without Johnny’s presence? Review your response to the Focus Activity on page 20 as you discuss these questions. Share your ideas and conclusions with the members of another group. Performing: Impersonation When Billy Dates impersonates a drunk and sneaks out of Boston, he succeeds on the strength of his acting ability. Try your hand at impersonation.
Choose a character and a passage of dialogue from the book. Using minimal props, try to re-create your characters personality with body language and tone of voice. Share your impersonation with class members. Can they tell who you are? Save your work for your portfolio. Johnny Terrain Johnny Terrain is full of real-life people who changed their world-?and ours-?with their Ideas and actions. Which of these people did you find most fascinating? Why? In your opinion, which ones played the most important roles in the historic events of the American Revolution?