Joseph Case Study

10 October 2016

He has also been stressing, an increase in weight, not exercising, and unhealthy eating. These things could all play a role in how his heart is affected and functioning. His cellular functions are being affected because there is no oxygen flowing throughout the body getting to the heart, cells, organelles, or membranes that keep the body functioning properly. B. ) Assuming Joseph’ heart has stopped, what cellular process and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? If Joseph’s heart stopped, the cellular process and membrane functions that would be affected are the aerobic process and the mitochondria. Oxygen and glucose are used in glycolysis which is reacted in the mitochondria where ATP is produced. Carbon dioxide is the waste product in this process and needs to be released. With oxygen and glucose not being present ATP cannot be produced and carbon dioxide cannot be released out the body. Therefor the cells are beginning to rapidly die and the pumps are begging to shut down.

Without the main energy source for all cells the body cannot function properly. C. ) Which intracellular organelles have membranes as part of their structures? How would the breakdown of the membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells? * The intracellular organelles that have membranes as part of their structures are the Mitochondria which has two membranes, and the ER, Golgi which only have one, and the ribosomes do not have its own membrane but it attaches to them.

Joseph heart was no longer receiving oxygen which made the cells work rapidly to try and give oxygen flow to the heart. The body was deprived of oxygen, glucose, and could not remove waste. There was no oxygen so the carbon dioxide levels in the body began to rise due to not being released, and caused a low pH. The cells and membranes lacked ATP the main source of energy in cells. The mitochondria could not produce ATP because there was no oxygen, so the cells began to die and the membrane pumps began to shut down. There was no oxygen flowing throughout the body which killed the cells and they were not able to be reproduced.

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