Kidney Failure

3 March 2017

Read each scenario and write a 25- to 50-word answer for each question following the scenarios. Use at least one reference per scenario and format your sources consistent with APA guidelines. Scenario A Acute renal failure: Ms. Jones, a 68-year-old female, underwent open-heart surgery to replace several blocked vessels in her heart. On her first day postoperatively, it was noted that she had very little urine output.

What is happening to Ms. Jones’s kidneys, and why is it causing the observed symptom? Well for instance her kidneys are in shock from surgery, they are un-able to clean the creatinine and urea from the blood which is the waste product produced by the body. Our kidneys also balance water, salt and minerals the body needs. So her little urine output is indicates that the waste products are building up and not being properly executed. 2. What other symptoms and signs might occur?

Kidney Failure Essay Example

Some of the symptoms and signs that might occur are headaches, breath that smells like pee or ammonia, swelling, nausea and vomiting, some pain and possibly an up-set stomach. In most serious cases the symptoms can be muscle weakness and possible cardiac arrest due to high potassium in the blood. 3. What is causing Ms. Jones’s kidney disease? She has some blocked hart vassals that were caused by surgery. So in return theirs not enough blood flowing and it’s causing her kidneys to get damaged. 4.

What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis? She is having kidney failure. It can be cured but it will take a few days and her once the treatment is done her kidneys will work well enough to make her life normal again and not have any long lasting effects. Dialysis may be one option the doctors may throw her way but Antibiotics are more common and can prevent infections. Scenario B Chronic renal failure: Mr. Hodges, a 73-year-old man, has had congestive heart failure for the past 5 years.

His doctor has told him that his heart is not functioning well, needing more and more medicine to maintain circulatory function. He has noticed that he is not urinating more than once a day. 5. Why is the condition of Mr. Hodges’s kidneys affecting the rest of his body? Mr. Hodges is having Chronic Renal Failure. This is affecting his body because chronic renal failure is a long lasting disease and it is not a disease that just happens over night, it takes time to develop.

By the time this disease is diagnosed the toxins have spread throughout the body and affects other areas. 6. As his chronic renal failure worsens what other symptoms and signs might occur in his respiratory, digestive, nervous, and urinary systems? If his condition gets worse he could have is kidney taken out or have a transplant to get a new kidney. You can live with one Kidney but it is harder on your body. His digestive system could back up and in return cause his urinary system to over flow in his body and cause sever damage. 7. What is causing Mr.

Hodges’s kidney disease? Mr. Hodge’s Hodges has a metabolic waste build up and it is causing his system to shut down. IF he doesn’t do treatment or medication to help the flow of his blood it could cause sever damage and possible kill him. 8. What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis? He really has three options, one get dialysis right away, two take medication and have a kidney removed or transplant and three would be to just let it go and cause major damage in his body and die from all the toxins his body can’t fight off.

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