Knowledge Management Essay Sample
When the individual acquire it’s foremost interested in cognition as a construct. and so knowledge direction. it was because of the connexions between surveies and the information. information. cognition. and wisdom. Finally that became interested to understatement as I’m by and large either non interested or possessed. and infrequently anyplace in between.
Person managed to last the Formula Fifties. the antiphonal Sixties. the Strategic Seventies. and the superb Eightiess to be in the Nanosecond Nineties. and for a clip we thought that it was headed for the Learning Organizational of the following decennary. The misdirection that was fixed up in was a focal point on Knowledge Management non as a agency. but as an terminal in itself. Yes. knowledge direction is of import. and I’ll reference grounds why shortly. But knowledge direction should merely be one of many co-operating agencies to an terminal. non the terminal in itself. unless your occupation turns out to be corporate cognition direction manager or main cognition officer. I’m rather certain it will come to this. for in some ways we are inevitable reliable.
Knowledge Management Essay Sample Essay Example
Now. allow us take an illustration of the companies which are associate with the cause of my indirection and they are besides been associated with in the yesteryear. These companies had adapted TQM or reengineering. non in support of what they were seeking to accomplish. but as terminals in them because they merely didn’t know what they were truly seeking to accomplish. And. since they didn’t know what they were truly seeking to accomplish. the misdirection was really a alleviation. and pursued with a passion and shy it merely didn’t acquire them anyplace in peculiar.
What are the of import to cognize about the cognition direction?
Mission: What are we seeking to accomplish?
Competition: How do we derive a spirited border?
Performance: How do we present the consequences?
Change: How do we pull off with alteration?
So. eventually everything is of import if it helps the organisation ability and capacity to some extent. and besides develops in these four dimensions.
Nonaka is the combination of term tacit cognition and expressed cognition. The cardinal to knowledge creative activity lies in the manner it is mobilized and converted through engineering.
Harmonizing to Professor Ikujiro Nonaka. cognition creative activity is a gyrating procedure of interactions between explicit and tacit cognition. The interactions between the explicit and tacit cognition lead to the creative activity of new cognition. The combination of the two classs makes it possible to gestate four transition forms.
Tacit to tacit communicating( Socialization ) : Takes topographic point between people in meetings or in team treatments.
Tacit to explicit communicating( Externalization ) : Articulation among people trough duologue ( e. g. . brainstorming ) .
Explicit to explicit communicating( Communication ) : This transmutation stage can be best supported by engineering. Explicit cognition can be easy captured and so distributed/transmitted to worldwide audience.
Explicit to tacit communicating( Internalization ) : This implies taking expressed cognition ( e. g. . a study ) and infering new thoughts or taking constructive action. One important end of cognition direction is to make engineering to assist the users to deduce silent cognition from expressed cognition.
The theoretical account assumes silent cognition can be transferred through a procedure of socialization into silent cognition in others and that silent cognition can go expressed cognition through a procedure of externalization ( top 2 squares of the theoretical account in Figure 1 ) . The theoretical account besides assumes ( bottom 2 squares ) that expressed cognition can be transferred into silent cognition in others through a procedure of internalization. and that expressed cognition can be transferred to explicit cognition in others through a procedure of combination.
Therefore. the transforming procedures are assumed to be socialization ( mundane chumminess ) . externalization ( formalizing a organic structure of cognition ) . internalization ( interpreting theory into pattern ) and combination ( uniting bing theories ) . However. possibly knowledge transportation in administrations is much more complicated and convoluted than this simple matrix suggests.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DATA. INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE.
That a aggregation of informations is non information. as Neil indicated. implies that a aggregation of informations for which there is no relation between the pieces of informations is non information. The pieces of informations may stand for information. yet whether or non it is information depends on the apprehension of the one comprehending the information. I would besides be given to state that it depends on the cognition of the translator. but I’m likely acquiring in front of myself. since I haven’t defined cognition. What I will state at this point is that the extent of my apprehension of the aggregation of informations is dependent on the associations I am able to spot within the aggregation. And. the associations I am able to spot are dependent on all the associations I have of all time been able to recognize in the past. Information is rather merely an apprehension of the relationships between pieces of informations. or between pieces of informations and other information.
While information entails an apprehension of the dealingss between informations. it by and large does non supply a foundation for why the information is what it is. nor an indicant as to how the information is likely to alter over clip. Information has a inclination to be comparatively inactive in clip and linear in nature. Information is a relationship between informations and. rather merely. is what it is. with great dependance on context for its significance and with small deduction for the hereafter.
Beyond relation there is pattern [ bat88 ] . where form is more than merely a relation of dealingss. Pattern embodies both a consistence and completeness of dealingss which. to an extent. creates its ain context. Pattern besides serves as an Archetype [ sen90 ] with both an implied repeatability and predictability.
When a form relation exists amidst the information and information. the form has the possible to stand for cognition. It merely becomes cognition. nevertheless. when one is able to recognize and understand the forms and their deductions. The forms stand foring cognition have a inclination to be more self-contextualizing. That is. the form tends. to a great extent. to make its ain context instead than being context dependant to the same extent that information is. A form which represents cognition besides provides. when the form is understood. a high degree of dependability or predictability as to how the form will germinate over clip. for forms are rarely inactive. Patterns which represent cognition have completeness to them that information merely does non incorporate.
Wisdom arises when one understands the foundational rules responsible for the forms stand foring cognition being what they are. And wisdom. even more so than cognition. tends to make its ain context. I have a penchant for mentioning to these foundational rules as ageless truths. yet I find people have a inclination to be slightly uncomfortable with this labeling. These foundational rules are cosmopolitan and wholly context independent. Of class. this last statement is kind of a excess word game. for if the rule was context dependant. so it couldn’t be universally true now could it?
So. in drumhead the undermentioned associations can moderately be made:
Informationrelates to description. definition. or position ( what. who. when. where ) .
Cognitioncomprises scheme. pattern. method. or attack ( how ) .
Wisdomembodies rule. penetration. moral. or original ( why ) .
Now that I have classs I can acquire clasp of. possibly I can calculate out what can be managed.
The best manner to understand difference between the information. information and cognition is an illustration of a bank nest eggs account to demo how informations. information. cognition. and wisdom relate to principal. involvement rate. and involvement.
Datas: The Numberss 100 or 5 % . wholly out of context. are merely pieces of informations. Interest. principal. and involvement rate. out of context. are non much more than informations as each has multiple significances which are context dependant.
Information: If I set up a bank nest egg history as the footing for context. so involvement. chief. and involvement rate become meaningful in that context with specific readings.
Principal is the sum of money. $ 100. in the nest eggs history.
Interest rate. 5 % . is the factor used by the bank to calculate involvement on the principal.
Cognition: If I put $ 100 in my nest eggs account. and the bank pays 5 % involvement annually. so at the terminal of one twelvemonth the bank will calculate the involvement of $ 5 and add it to my chief and I will hold $ 105 in the bank. This pattern represents cognition. which. when I understand it. allows me to understand how the form will germinate over clip and the consequences it will bring forth. In understanding the form. I know. and what I know is knowledge. If I deposit more money in my history. I will gain more involvement. while if I withdraw money from my history. I will gain less involvement.
Wisdom: Geting wisdom out of this is a spot slippery. and is. in fact. founded in systems rules. The rule is that any action which produces a consequence which encourages more of the same action produces an emergent feature called growing. And. nil grows everlastingly for Oklahoman or subsequently growing runs into bounds.
If one studied all the single constituents of this form. which represents cognition. they would ne’er detect the emergent feature of growing. Merely when the form connects. interacts. and evolves over clip. does the rule exhibit the feature of growing.
Now. if this cognition is valid. why doesn’t everyone merely become rich by seting money in a nest eggs history and allowing it turn? The reply has to make with the fact that the form described above is merely a little portion of a more luxuriant form which operates over clip. Peoples don’t acquire rich because they either don’t put money in a nest eggs history in the first topographic point. or when they do. in clip. they find things they need or want more than being rich. so they withdraw money. Withdrawing money depletes the principal and later the involvement they earn on that principal. Geting into this any deeper is more of a systems believing exercising than is appropriate to prosecute here.
Knowledge web spouses provide development practicians with entree to cutting-edge cognition and information in their Fieldss and across sectors and subjects. They besides facilitate sharing of experience about what works and what doesn’t. These webs typically are established as a consequence of. or take up to. a learning plan or event—although they can stand entirely. They frequently use information and communications engineerings to ease on-going acquisition among people working on similar challenges from different geographical locations without anyone holding to go forth place. They bring together—virtually—communities of pattern in a broad scope of topics supplying electronic treatments and web sites to promote research and disseminate best pattern.
Communities of Practice ( CoPs ) as a fact that have been around for many old ages but the term itself was non coined until 1991 when Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger used it in their geographic expedition of Situated Learning ( Lave and Wenger. 1991 ) . Situated acquisition is larning that takes topographic point through working patterns. for illustration. an apprenticeship where an employee learns accomplishments “on the job” .
Lave and Wenger ( 1991 ) saw the acquisition of cognition as a societal procedure where people can take part in communal acquisition at different degrees depending on their degree of authorization or senior status in the group. i. e. whether they are a fledgling to the group or have been a member for a long clip. Central to their impression of a CoP as a agency of geting cognition is the procedure by which a fledgling learns from the group ; they term this procedure Legitimate Peripheral Participation ( LPP ) .
COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE TODAY
Lave and Wenger’s ( 1991 ) CoPs attracted a batch of attending and bit by bit other research workers and practicians extended the impression of a CoP and applied it in a Knowledge Management ( KM ) context in commercial scenes. Since so much work has been undertaken to detect CoPs. how they work and what kind of specifying features there are. Many definitions have been put frontward – so. in this book you will happen a figure of definitions in the chapters.
In this Introduction. we do non mean to seek to make a individual definition that will cover the whole book. Rather we prefer to observe some of the features that might be found in a Bull:
What it is about?
This represents the peculiar country of activity/body of cognition that the CoP has organized itself about. It is a joint endeavor in every bit much as it is understood and continually renegotiated by its members.
How does it work?
Peoples become members of a CoP through shared patterns ; they are linked to each other through their engagement in certain common activities. It is common battle that binds members of a CoP together as a societal entity.
What has it produced?
The members of a CoP construct up an in agreement set of communal resources is over clip. This “shared repertoire” of resources represents the material hints of the community. Written files can represent a more expressed facet of this common depository although more intangible facets such as processs. policies. rites and specific parlances may besides be included.
The term Common Ground is taken from the work of Clark and Brennan ( 1991 ) . For communicating to take topographic point. certain information must be shared ; this information is called common land. Similarly. for a CoP to work the members need to be sympathetic to the thoughts around which the group is based and will likely hold a common background or portion common a common involvement.
The CoP members will hold some kind of common end or common intent and it is frequently the instance that the CoP is internally motivated i. e. driven by the members themselves as opposed to some external driver.
There is frequently some kind of development in a CoP. It may be that the CoP has developed because of a common involvement of a group of people. On the other manus. it may be that the CoP was a officially constituted group that has evolved into a CoP because of the relationships that have developed amongst the members.
This is a cardinal portion of a CoP and is what makes it possible for a squad to go a CoP – as the informal relationships develop so the beginning of legitimation in the group shifts in accent. These relationships are cardinal to the issues of trust and individuality in a CoP.
THREE THINGS WHICH I WILL AND I WILL NOT DO AS CHIEF KNOWLEDGEOF MY COMPANY
A Chief Knowledge Officer is an organisational leader. responsible for guaranting that the organisation maximizes the value it achieves through “knowledge” . CKO duties include such things as:
That’s rather a nice description. One particular thing about this systems is. that it is an Open Source company. therefore the boundary lines between internal and external communicating frequently do non be. In fact. an Open Source company is merely every bit much about an unfastened communicating as it is about unfastened package.
This is really the portion I am most aroused about: to research the potencies of unfastened cognition direction. which includes the systems squad merely every bit much as the developers community. the spouses. etc. In an Open Source ecosystem. cognition direction is really much a joint attempt of all histrions involved and can merely follow a bottom-up attack.
As a Knowledge Manager. I would wish to do my organisation as a Knowledge Resource along with the concern operation. The concern operation is prevailing since the being of the organisation. Looking at the possible demands of the organisation a scheme is planned to guarantee being of Knowledge Management.
To heighten of cognition within the organisation. there is a necessity of supplying or accommodating Training and Development Strategies. This scheme will alter the mentality of employees by enforcing innovate and originative thought towards constitution of Knowledge Management.
Second. by set uping the Social Communication Channels the employee are given an chance to show their thoughts to other employees. This will assist tacit cognition to be transformed into partly expressed cognition. The transformed explicit cognition is combined with invention and originative attack will go more absolute. The above mentioned attacks are gained as a consequence of preparation and development scheme.
The developed advanced & A ; originative attacks of transforming the cognition are to be stored either on a physical media or digital media. Here the physical media are referred to paper based certification and digital media are referred to electronic devices.