Lack of Education in Developing Countries

9 September 2016

Developed countries are involved to help countries increase their education because every child should have the right to education and be able to have access to education to learn so they can lead and help the future. Developing countries have insufficient budgets dedicated to education, a poor quality of teaching and learning environment and lastly kids too poor to attend school due to costs. There are 775. million people around the world that cannot read of write a simple sentence, in some countries a child can spend 2-3 years repeating a grade but once kids leave school, most never return losing the opportunity to a successful job (“Main Navigation”). In some countries a child can spend 2-3 years repeating a grade, but once kids leave school, most never return. Amartya Sen has defined poverty stating that it is the lack of capability to function effectively in society. Therefore the lack of education in a country can be considered a form of poverty.

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Absolute poverty is the absence of adequate resources, kids in developing countries are faced with challenges of learning through poor nutrition, health, home circumstances and parental education. This discourages enrolment, reducing learning in schools (“Poverty and Education”). Education can reduce poverty by providing individuals with the opportunity to get a job and better incomes. It can boost the economic growth of a country, based on recent research it is shown that quality-adjusted education is important for economic growth.

Education comes with social benefits as well which can improve the situation of the poor, such as lower fertility and improved health care of children (“Poverty and Education”). “Poor people are often unable to obtain access to an adequate education, and without an adequate education people are often constrained to a life of poverty. ” – Servaas Van Der Berg. The absolutely poor in developing countries have low education levels. Some may not even have access to primary education or may not have completed their primary education, not realizing that it is important to reduce poverty.

Education is often poorly measured, and the impacts do not always show up as statistically significant in cross- country growth regressions (Levine & Renelt, 1992). Africaโ€™s education crisis makes media headlines and analysis by the Brookings Center for Universal Education (CUE) explains why this needs to change. Progress towards universal primary education has come to a halt and learning levels of children who are in school are poor as well.

Using a Learning Barometer, CUE estimates that 61 million African children will reach adolescence lacking even the most basic literacy and numeracy skills, this will deprive a whole generation of opportunities to develop and escape poverty (“Poverty, Education, & Opportunity”). Education improves living standards, a good look at this would be to travel from Canada to Africa, a huge difference is instantly noticeable. Canada is more modernized and revolves around educated people unlike Africa which is a developing country.

In addition, other positive developmental impacts of education are that education improves the sustainability of democracy in poor and rich countries alike, higher levels of education have even shown to reduce crime (“Main Navigation”). Countries around the world are not investing enough money to education according to the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. Developing countries especially give low budgets that are not enough to achieve the goal of universal compulsory school attendance.

Developed countries that invest more on education have higher literacy rates such as Canada, with a literacy rate of 99% (“The World Factbook”), compared to a developing countries such as Africa. There are 127 million children of primary school age in Africa, half of these children will reach adolescence without the basic learning skills that they, and their countries need to escape poverty (“Kevin Watkins, 2013”). Trade is key to help countries develop therefore developed countries need to make sure that people in the worldโ€™s poorest countries are educated so that they can have access to markets which create jobs, resulting in growth. “Author, Guest. 2013”). In developed countries a student is able to walk into a clean classroom with their own textbook, a desk and chair will be present meanwhile in developing countries, a child will have to share a desk, class materials and a textbook with many other students, overcrowding is also apparent therefore some kids even have to sit on the floor and in most cases the quality of teaching is poor as well. Improvemnent and changes have to occur, teachers need to be more educated because they are the ones that are providing the students with knowledge and the ability to read and write.

Another issue is the lack of schools and staff available, this is the main reason for overcrowding to exist; teaches have to teach in classes with very high student numbers and on poor pay (“Main Navigation”). For the schools available, many of the students need to walk long distances there and back to attend, therefore their needs to be more schools built closer to home and more educated teachers from developing countries in be the teachers, their has to be fundings to provide water fountains, electricity, and transportation for the students to encourage them to attend.

Without these necessities, pupils will lack motivation to come to school and learn, which is the reason why the literacy rate in Africa is low. People living in developing countries such as Africa are extremely poor, the costs to attend school discourages them to receive education. The costs being referred to are for learning materials, such as textbooks, notebooks, pen and kids are unable to purchase their school uniforms which are essential as well.

In countries where school fees have been abolished enrolment rates have risen markedly (“Main Navigation”). One in four children in sub-Saharan Africa aged between 5 to 14 have to work often up to 16 hours a day because their families rely on the income contributed by their children, therefore Africa has to spend more of the national income on education because kids are working to support their families instead of their education; by doing this, kids are forever supporting their family rather than getting an opportunity to have a successful career which

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