Language Related Tasks and Solutions
We can put off sleeping for a limilted period. Meaning To decide or arrange to delay an event or activity until a later date or time * Concept questions: Do we want to do this now? No Will we delay this until a later time? Yes Will we complete it at some point in the future? Yes Other examples: A businessman who puts off a meeting or an important decision, students who put off doing their assignments, an engaged couple who puts off their wedding. Extension: An engaged couple may put off their wedding if they don’t have enough money saved up to pay for it.
Students may put off doing their homework until it’s almost too late. Form Put off (verb+ adverb) is a transitive phrasal verb. Put off is normally followed by an object. In the example above the object is sleeping (verb+ing form, acting as a noun) Put off is also separable, i. e. you can separate the verb part from the adverb. However, if you change the direct object to a pronoun, i. e. , it, it then becomes inseparable (see examples below) We can put it off for a limited period. v We can put off it for a limited period. X Pronunciation We can put off sleeping for a limited period p?
There is one syllable in each part of the verb phrase. The main stress is placed on the first syllable. The underscore represents a link between the two words i. e. , there is no interruption of airflow between them. Appropriacy Put off is fairly neutral in appropriacy. There are other more formal words which may be used such as, delay or postpone. These may be used in such contexts as a letter regarding a change in schedule of a dental appointment. Anticipated problems or solutions: 1. Problem: Ss may confuse the meaning of to put off , i. e. elay, postpone), with another meaning such as to discourage. Ss will therefore be confused with the concept of the whole sentence. Solution: Use the CQs above to show that in this context, to put off means to delay rather than to deter someone from something. Elicit examples of other contexts as in the examples in the section on meaning. Problem: Ss may confuse the spelling of off with of. Solution: Elicit the correct spelling using examples such as, a piece of cake and off and on. Problem: Ss may pronounce the phasal verb as two separate words producing a plosive sound between the two syllables.
Solution: Drill the two words separately and then together so that ss can detect the difference in air flow. (/p? t/ /? f/ and /p? t? f/) *Cambridge Dictionaries Online Lexis 2 …the unpleasant symptoms we suffer Meaning Signs or indications of a disorder or disease, which are not pleasing. Concept Questions: Do we feel well? No Are there any signs to tell us that we feel unwell? Yes What kind of signs do we have? Sore eyes, headache etc. Is our condition life threatening? No Will the conditions probably go away? Yes Form Unpleasant (adjective) symptoms (noun, plural) N. B.
The word pleasant can be formed by simply removing the negative prefix un-. Pronunciation …the unpleasant symptoms we suffer /? nplez? nt s? mpt? mz/ There are 5 syllables within the phrase. The main stresses occur on the second syllable of unpleasant and the first syllable of symptoms. The schwa sound present in /? nplez? nt/ links the 2nd and 3rd syllable almost merging the two. (/? nplez? nt/) Anticipated problems and solutions Problems: Ss may pronounce /? nplez? nt/ as /? npli:z? nt/ because they are confusing it with the verb, to please. Solution: Model and drill the sound plez/ followed by the whole word /? nplez? nt/. Give other examples of lexis with the same spelling and pronunciation e. g. , pleasure, peasant , etc. Problems: The sound /mpt/ may prove to be difficult for ss to pronounce. Solution: Drill the pronunciation of the individual letters m,p ,t. Drill the sound /mpt/ then finally the whole word. Practical English Usage New Edition by Michael Swan. Grammar 1 …everything that has happened to us during the day. Meaning (Of an event in time) to come about or has taken place; has occurred. Concept questions: Did this take place in the past?
Yes Do we know exactly when this took place? No Is this still taking place now? No Are we thinking about the past and the present or both? Both Other examples: Many things have happened since you left. What has happened to our economy? [pic] Form Has happened is the present perfect of the verb to happen (has/have + past participle) Has is the auxiliary verb, to have and is used for the third person conjugation (he/she/it) Pronunciation …everything that has happened to us during the day. /h? z h? p? nd/ There are three syllables within the verb pattern.
The main stress lies on the first syllable of happened. There is no extra stress on the ‘pp’ in happened. Anticipated problems and solutions Problem: Ss may not understand the difference in meaning between the present perfect (has happened) and the simple perfect (happened). Solution: Use CQs to help explain that you cannot use the present perfect to refer to a particular point in time unlike the present simple, (demonstrate this on the timeline) Provide e. g: my cat has died and my cat died on the 30th June 2012. Problem: Ss may omit has and only use happened thinking that this is acceptable.
Solution: Elicit from students whether we need to add or omit the auxiliary verb to in different sentences. Problem: Ss may exaggerate the pronunciation of the /p/ sound in happened because it contains a double ‘p’. Solution: Separate the two syllables of happened as /h? p/ and /? nd/. Drill separately then drill natural model. Collins English Dictionary Third Edition Grammar 2 …but sooner or later we will be asleep. Expressing a prediction about being in a state of sleep in the future Concept Questions: Are we asleep now? No Will we be asleep in the future? Yes
But do we know for certain that we will be sleeping in the future? No Form …but sooner or later we will be asleep. (future auxiliary verb+ infinitive without to + adjective) N. B. The future auxiliary shall can be used to replace will. The subject pronoun, we can merge with auxiliary verb will to form we’ll, /wi? l/ Pronunciation /w? l bi: ? sli:p/ (alternative, /? sli:p/) will be asleep Of the 4 syllables present the stress is put mainly on the 2nd and the last. Anticipated problems and solutions Problem: Ss may confuse the adjective asleep with the noun (or verb), sleep.