Leaders of the States Rights Debate redo
John C. Calhoun was born in 1782, in Billable County, South Carolina of which as to the fourth child Of Patrick Calhoun and his wife Martha Caldwell.
When John turned 17 years old he quit school to work on the family farm because his father had become ill. With the help of his brother that was financially able help, John earned a degree from Yale College in 1804. After studying Law at Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchis Connecticut he was admitted to South Carolina bar in 1807.He won his first election in 1810, were he was immediately leader of the War Hawks, and this is when he was acting chairman of the powerful committee on foreign affairs. Also in 1817 he was appointed Secretary of War. At this point in time is where he built his reputation as a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. He built his reputation on his beliefs for slavery and minority rights.
Leaders of the States Rights Debate redo Essay Example
In 1811 John married and had 10 children over the next 18 years, he attend church with his wife whom was Episcopalian and he was a member of Souls Unitarian Church.He was often caught between the two religions most of his life. John became the seventh vice president of the United States in 1825 and ended his term in 1832. He considered running for ND term of Vice President before his death in 1850. He was touched by the great awakening in the South. Henry Clay was born on April 12, 1777, in Hanover County, Virginia. Henry was the seventh of nine children of the Reverend John Clay and Elizabeth Clay.
His father died four year later and his mother a widower remarried and his stepfather Cap. Henry Watkins moved them to Richmond, Virginia.His stepfather secured Clay employment in the office of the Virginia Court of Chancery; there he became friends with George Withy, who chose Clay as his secretary, After Clay was employed as Withy’s amanuensis for four years, the honorable took an active interest in Clay’s future; he arranged a position for him with the Virginia attorney general, Robert Brooke. Clay read law by working and studying with Withy. Clay was admitted to the bar to practice law in 1797. After beginning his law career, on April 11, 1 799, Clay married. Clay and his wife had eleven children.
In November 1797, Clay relocated to Lexington, Kentucky. Clay owned a productive 600-acre plantation. Clay’s most notable client was Aaron Burr in 1806, after the US District Attorney indicted him for planning an expedition into Spanish Territory west f the Mississippi River. Clay and his law partner John Allen successfully defended Burr. Although not old enough to be elected, Clay was appointed a representative of Fayette County in the Kentucky General Assembly. As a legislator, Clay advocated a liberal interpretation of the state’s constitution and initially the gradual emancipation of slavery in Kentucky.Henry Clay and John C.
Calhoun helped to pass the Tariff of 181 6 as part of the national economic plan Clay called “The American System. Clays American System ran into strong opposition from President Jackson’s administration. In 1820 a spite erupted over the extension of slavery in Missouri Territory. Clay helped settle this dispute by gaining Congressional approval for a plan called the “Missouri Compromise”. It brought in Maine as a Free State and Missouri as a slave state. By 1824 sought the office of president, Because of the unusually large number of candidates.Having finished fourth, Clay was eliminated from contention.
When Clay was appointed Secretary of State, his maneuver was called a “corrupt bargain” by many of Jackson’s supporters and tarnished Clay’s reputation. As Secretary of State his slave Charlotte Deputy sued Clay for her freedom and that of her two children. In 1 832 the National Republicans unanimously nominated Clay for the presidency, Clay lost by a wide margin. In 1848, Clay decided to retire to his Ashland estate in Kentucky. Retired for less than a year, he was in 1849 again elected to the U.S. Senate from Kentucky.
1850, Clay proposed a series of resolutions, which he considered to reconcile Northern and Southern interests, Admission of California as a free state, ending the balance of free and slave states in the senate. Organization of the Utah and New Mexico territories without any slavery provisions prohibition Of the slave trade. Clay’s efforts, failed in a crucial vote. Clay continued to serve both the Union he loved and his home state of Kentucky. On June 29, 1852, he died. Robert Haynes was born in South Carolina on Novo. 0, 1 791.
He received a private education unable to afford to go to college; He studied law in the office of London Chives in Charleston Just before he was 21 . He was admitted to the bar in 1812, where he also served in the War of 1812, in 1814. He was elected to the state legislature in 1814. He was a member of the House of Representatives for the next four years, serving as Speaker of the House in 1818. Haynes was Attorney General of South Carolina from 1818 to 1822. Haynes first wife died 1820. Later that year he remarried.
In 1822, he became the Senator. After his reelection in 1828, he entered into a famous debate, hoping to forge closer ties between South and West. Haynes was considered an ardent free-trader and an uncompromising advocate of states’ rights. He consistently upheld the doctrine that slavery was a domestic institution. He then decided to serve as Chairman of the nullification convention. Haynes view that states could “nullify” federal laws with which they did not agree. This is where he began to attained prominence as an eloquent defender of States rights.
Haynes contended that the United States Constitution was only a compact between the national government and the states, and that any state could nullify any federal law which it considered to be in contradiction. He opposed the federal government’s plan to send delegates to the Panama Congress, to develop a united North and South American policy towards Spain, including the end of slavery in Spain’s former colonies. He opposed the protectionist federal tariff ills, to enhance the profitability of manufacturing interests in his home state. This angered Southern leaders who would have to pay higher prices for manufactured goods.Whether the federal government had the authority to take this action called into question the relationship between the powers of the federal government and the governments of the individual states. Haynes was president of the Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Railroad from 1836 until his death in September 1839. Andrew Jackson was born March, 1 767 in the Hawk settlement on the border between North and South Carolina.
His father, Andrew Jackson father) came over from Carsickness, on the north coast of Ireland, in 1765. His mother’s name was Elizabeth Hutchinson.Andrew Jackson, the father, died a few days before the birth of his son. The log cabin in which he was born in was situated within a quarter of a mile of the boundary between the two Carolinas, no one seem to know exactly. In a letter of 24 December, 1 830, in the proclamation addressed to the nullifiers, in 1832, and again in his will, Jackson speaks of himself as a native of South Carolina. He received sporadic education. In his late teens he read law for about two years, lawyer in Tennessee.
He was than elected to House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate.He was a major general in the War of Andean by 1 828 he had enough of the state elections and took control of the Federal administration in Washington. In his first Annual Message to Congress, Jackson recommended eliminating the Electoral College. He also tried to democratic Federal office holding. Two parties were opposing him and that was the Republican Party and the Democrats (Whig). Behind their accusations unlike previous Presidents, Jackson did not defer to Congress in policy-making UT used his power of the veto and leadership to assume command.The greatest party battle was with the Second Bank of the United States, a private corporation Govern by monopoly.
When Jackson appeared hostile toward it, the Bank threw its power against him. Jackson met head-on the challenge of John C. Calhoun, leader Of forces trying to rid themselves Of a high protective tariff. Jackson threatened to hang Calhoun until Clay negotiated a compromise: tariffs were lowered and South Carolina dropped nullification. Clay and Webster, who had acted as lawyers for the Bank, led the fight for its charter in Congress. “The bank”.Jackson vetoed the recharge bill and charged the second Bank with undue economic privilege.
Jackson challenged John C. Calhoun that he was trying to rid them of a high protective tariff. In January of 1832 Jackson retired to the Hermitage, where he died in June 1845. Daniel Webster was born January 18, 1782, Salisbury, New Hampshire. At an early age he was taught how to read. As he grew older he attended classes various houses where the schoolmaster boarded in succession around the township. At 14 he spent part of a year at Phillips Exeter Academy, and at 15 e entered Dartmouth College.
After graduation he taught school and read law, going to Boston and studying in the office of a prominent lawyer. He began his own practice near home but moved to Portsmouth in 1807, married Grace Fletcher. Webster who had been prospering through trade with Great Britain and France. The Portsmouth businessmen objected to the federal government’s effort to retaliate by limiting and even stopping overseas commerce as their spokesman, Webster denounced the Jefferson administration’s embargo as unconstitutional he also opposed the declaration of war against Great Britain in 1812.